Phd-Project: Changing real property
The research project focuses on the municipal administration, its role according to the Planning and Building Act and its practice when processing applications for making changes in real property like subdivision. Main research question is what role do the municipality have in this process? Is the municipality’s practices in compliance with the legislation?
The project «Changing real property» is a research project on the municipality's role in the process of property formation, like cases of subdivision.
Property formation in Norway «According to the Planning and Building Act section 20-2 and 20-1 letter m, you have to send an application and get approval when you want to subdivide real property. The application should include specific information about the project and be in accordance with the Planning and Building Act and the land use plan. »
Norwegian municipalities have a key role within the process. The public administration handles the application. We know little about how this is being done today: Who is doing what? What factors are emphasized? Is the municipality’s practices in compliance with the legislation?
Using information from a study of real-life practice allows us to see if the literature and theory give a true picture of the actual situation. It also allows us to investigate if the intentions of the formal institutions correspond with practice. Data about current practice comes from the questionnaire in the research project.
Resultater / funn
Using information from a study of real-life practice allows us to see if the literature and theory give a true picture of the actual situation. It also allows us to investigate if the intentions of the formal institutions correspond with practice. Information and data about current practice comes from my own research project and a questionnaire called “Delesak i praksis 2015”. The research project focuses on the municipal administration, its role according to the Planning and Building Act and its practice when processing applications for changes of real property.
The data was collected over a period from 1 December 2015 to 5 February 2016 using a questionnaire made in Questback software. Before sending out this questionnaire, a pre-survey was sent to all 428 municipalities in Norway, 408 of which answered that they handle these applications themselves. The municipalities that handle these applications then became the respondents. The questionnaire was sent to the public administration represented by one public functionary, hereafter called the official, in each of the 408 municipalities, by preference the person handling applications of changing real property.
Data about current practice comes from the questionnaire in the research project. This data was collected over the period from 1 December 2015 to 5 February 2016. The questionnaire was divided into two parts; 1) to the officials handling the applications, and 2) municipalities conducting land surveying. Out of 428 municipalities, 408 handle these applications themselves, and 351 conduct land surveying. The response rate were 58 % and 64 %. The answers come from municipalities in all regions of Norway and represent all sizes of municipalities measured by population. The questionnaire was sent to the respondents directly using the software Questback.
The questionnaire had a response rate of 58% of the 408 possible respondents. The respondents represent all of the counties in Norway and all sizes of municipalities measured by population. The response rate and diversity of the municipalities represented makes it possible to draw conclusions of a general nature. There is no reason to believe that the municipalities which did not answer are different from those which did. The questionnaire included a mix of closed and open-ended questions. For the data used in this paper the main open-ended question was: How well does the cadastre function as an administrative tool for you as an official when handling applications of changing real property? Data on the quality and completeness of the Norwegian cadastre comes from a local office of the Norwegian Mapping Authority located at Hamar. The data is a report from the cadastre stored in Excel format. It provides information at the municipal level. I have then organized the data.»
Some data are already presented in reviewed papers. However, the main product of the project is a monography (written in Norwegian), which will present the process with a combination of presenting the state of law and how this work is done in the municipalities. And in the end of the thesis an analysis, discussion and conclusion. In this way the analysis is a combination of different methods. Some data can be presented as quantitative data and some as qualitative. Some of the municipalities have sent me their work routines, checklist and templates, which might need another method. In this respect a course in mixed methods will relate and be applicable to my current research and study project.
12/04/2017 - 07:01