How to write academic text and avoid cheating and plagiarism

Cheating and plagiarism can have serious consequences for you as a student. That's why it's so important for you to know how to write and cite correctly.

Avoid cheating and plagiarism

How to write academic text - avoid cheating and plagiarism.

Learn more about how to cite and wright correctly . Please also use the e-learning tool Write and cite.

What is cheating and plagiarism?

Cheating is any act aimed at giving the student an unwarranted study result or an unjustified advantage in evaluating the student achievement.

Examples of cheating are listed in this section. The list is not exhaustive.

  • Breach of the exam regulations at NMBU may be cheating.
  • Cheating may consist in acquiring knowledge of the exam questions prior to the start of the exam with the intention of taking advantage of the knowledge during the exam.
  • Actions that on a false basis aim at giving a student benefits during the exam in the form of extended time or additional aids may be cheating.
  • Cheating may be to manipulate the submitted exam answers for the purpose of obtaining a better mark.
  • Cheating may consist in obtaining access to aids that are not permitted by NMBU's provided aid codes for the relevant written exam. This applies irrespective of whether the illegal aid consists of paper, mobile phone or other equipment, and regardless of whether the aid is in the exam room or other places where the candidate can obtain access to the aid during the exam.
  • Cheating may consist in the fact that a submitted assignment has been prepared by another person than the one listed as the examinee.
  • Plagiarism is cheating. Examples of plagiarism: Reproduction or quotes from books, articles, websites, own or others' assignments, use of images, graphs and the like without source reference, quotation mark or other acknowledgment in the text / picture / drawing showing where the material is taken from.
  • Cheating may consist in the fact that a written answer has been used by the examinee himself for a previous examination, unless such use is agreed upon with the course responsible.

More examples of cheating and plagiarism

  • Use of mobile phones or other electronic devices during your exam
  • Answers/hand-ins copied from the Internet and completely or partially submitted as one's own work
  • Answers/hand-ins that have completely or partially been used by another person at an earlier examination submitted as one's own work
  • Answers/hand-ins that have completely or partially been prepared by another person submitted as one's own work
  • Answers/hand-ins that have completely or partially been used by the student at an earlier examination without proper acknowledging the source
  • Submitted practical or artistic work that has been produced by someone else than the student submitted as one's own work
  • Reproduction/quotations from textbooks, other scientific books, other's exams/papers, texts published on the Internet, etc. that are presented without any source reference and without clearly indicating that the text in question is a reproduction/quotation.
  • Non-permitted examination support materials used during an examination or test


As a student, you are responsible for becoming thoroughly acquainted with the rules that apply to the use of sources and citations. The same applies to the use of examination support materials. If you are unsure about which rules apply, we encourage you to contact the course responsible or student advisor at your department.

The NMBUs appeals committee decides on the sanctions to be imposed for cheating. The Norwegian Act Relating to Universities and University Colleges of 1 April 2005, § 4-7 and relevant subsections under § 4-8 has provisions stating that cheating can lead to the annulment of examinations and the exclusion of the student.

Published 27. October 2014 - 10:22 - Updated 19. March 2018 - 9:38