guidelines examiners

 These guidelines are under revising

1. These guidelines apply to internal and external examiners unless otherwise specified. The guidelines apply to the marking of examinations or tests and to grading after an appeal has been lodged against a grade.

External examiners must be employed in an academic position at a university, university college or other research institution, or have otherwise documented academic expertise in the field in question. Experts who can document through their professional practice that they are particularly well-qualified in the field in question may be appointed as an external examiner in special cases.

External examiners cannot be employed at NMBU and cannot have had teaching duties to a significant scope in the same semester or academic year in which the examination is held. The external examiner and the faculty must sign a contract.

2. Any one who, by choice or appointment, acts as examiner is obligated to comply with the provisions of the Act relating to universities and university colleges and the provisions of these regulations.

3. In accordance with the Academic regulations for the Norwegian University of Life Sciences chapter 41 all courses shall have two examiners.

In the following cases, at least one of the examiners shall be external:

  • when assessing Bachelor's and Master's theses
  • in connection with oral examinations or tests than cannot subsequently be verified
  • in connection with a new assessment as a result of an appeal concerning formal errors in an examination; cf. Section 5-2, sub-section 2 of the Universitiy and University Colleges Act.
  • in connection with an appeal concerning the setting of marks; cf. Section 5-3, sub-section 4 of the Act relating to universities and university colleges.
  • in connection with assessment of a special syllabus.

For the veterinary medicine and veterinary nursing programmes, all examinations and/or final assessments in a course that are to be included in the diploma or transcript of marks must be assessed by at least two examiners. For at least one third of the examinations, one of the two examiners must be an external examiner.

4. Assessment schemes and/or components included in the marking shall be subject to external evaluations, i.e.:

  • external evaluation of the assessment scheme for a subject or
  • an external examiner shall cooperate with the internal examiner in preparing examination questions and the guidelines for examiners.

In addition, the following may be used:

  • external control of an internal examiner's assessment of a random selection of candidates as a calibration of the overall assessment of a course.

Based on the guidelines in this section, the unit responsible for the examination (the Faculty) will decide how external participation in the assessment shall be organised for each course.

5. Special circumstances

  • in final oral examinations of a student group, the examiners shall assess the students individually
  • in an oral discussion of a degree thesis submitted by a group of students, the examiners may assess the students individually

6. If two examiners fail to agree on a mark, the marking must be supplemented by a third examiner. This third examiner must be external. The new examiner must be unaware of the first examiners' assessments and any grounds stated before the group of examiners jointly set the final mark.

7. If it is necessary to change examiners because of an unforeseen absence, the deadline for assessment will be reckoned from the date on which the examination answer was sent to the new examiner(s).

8. A completed assessment form must accompany all assessment records, except for the grading of degree theses.

If two examiners have taken part in the assessment of all the examination answers in a course, both examiners must sign the assessment record for the course before the assessment record is submitted to the Department of Academic Affairs. If one of the examiners has only participated in the grading of a random selection of examination answers, it is sufficient that this examiner signs the assessment form, which must state what the external examiner has participated in.

All grades must be written in full in the assessment records. Ditto marks are not permitted in the assessment record. 

9. Pursuant to the rules in section 5-3 of the University and University Colleges Act, a student may request an explanation of the mark given to their performance.

10. A student may appeal their mark in writing pursuant to the rules in section 5-3 of the University and University Colleges Act and in Academic regulations for NMBU. Students may not appeal marks for oral presentations, the evaluation of practical training, etc., or the mark for a preliminary examination the student passed.


Published 31. October 2016 - 18:01 - Updated 7. May 2018 - 9:43