PhD candidate David Ato Quansah has examined the performance of solar photovoltaic (PV) modules in Ghana. He found that they degraded at a faster rate than PV modules in Europe and North America, and consequently do not comply with typical industry warranties.
Soil contamination from airports in relation to de-icing of aircrafts pose a serious environmental challenge. A new dissertation from NMBU shows that non-invasive geophysical methods can monitor the degradation in the soil caused by organic contaminants, and a promising new lead may lessen the impact of soil degradation.
A new dissertation from NMBU shows that the feeding habits of the red deer changes the forest's plant and insect communities. Higher densities of red deer can potentially have major consequences on their surrounding ecosystems.
The combination of climate change and increased human population demands improved agricultural yields. There are ways to improve this productivity; but it is unlikely to combat hunger and malnutrition in Sub-Saharan Africa unless drastic adaptations are taken.
PhD candidate Artūrs Putniņš has reconstructed the evolution and retreat of the ice during the Last Ice Age in Gausdal Vestfjell, Norway. His work shows that there is much to be gained in using modern technology for landform mapping.
New research shows that papyrus plants contribute to the water storage capacity of floating papyrus wetlands. These results indicate that papyrus can be useful for irrigation of small-scale agriculture and improve production.
PhD candidate Franz Volker Mühle has examined the flow behind wind turbines with the aim of improving the layout and operation of wind farms. He found that limiting wind turbine wake effects significantly increases wind farm efficiency.
A new IUCN report shows that world palm oil production will have catastrophic effects on biodiversity if nothing changes. The authors say that a ban is not the way to go, and call for increased sustainability actions instead.
Human hunting changes brown bear reproductive strategies, so that the cubs stay with their mother longer. As a result, the females have fewer offspring, but grow older. This unexpected finding has just been published in Nature Communications.
An international field course "Experimental Radioecology and Radiobiology" will be organised in Ukraine on June 1st-15th 2018. The course offers a unique opportunity to work in Chernobyl exclusion zone and is organized in cooperation between Centre for Environmental Radioactivity, Norwegian University of Life Sciences and National University of Life and Environmental Sciences of Ukraine.
A new doctoral thesis shows that Nordic forest biofuel plants are currently not cost-competitive, primarily due to feedstock costs. A proliferation of forest biofuel plants will likely reduce forest feedstock utilization for heat and power generation due to elevated feedstock costs.