Greyson Z. Nyamoga’s doctorate show that high demand and consumption result in unsustainable use of Tanzanian forest resources. An increasing population is expected to put further stress on the country’s natural resources.
The doctoral work of Lisa Magdalena Rossbach showed that nematodes continuously exposed to low concentrations of silver nanoparticles can adapt towards the exposure. The maintenance of the reproductive capacity was the dominating adaptive response, whereas antioxidant defenses seemed only to be partially involved.
In his doctorate, Magne Simonsen has researched what happens to radioactive waste once it is released into the ocean. He has developed model systems that improves the prediction of the radionuclide transport.
In her PhD, Yevgeniya Tomkiv has examined risk communication in nuclear emergency preparedness. Her research shows that there is a need to change the way we think about communication: the focus should shift more towards dynamic social relationships.
The doctoral work of José Luis Munera-Echeverri shows that conservation farming in combination with biochar is an effective way of sequestering soil carbon. His results contribute to the development of climate-smart farming, which is particularly important in areas where climate change is affecting food security.
The effects of oil palm on its surroundings largely depends on case-specific circumstances. Those who ask to boycott all palm oil due to its contribution to deforestation should also consider boycotting coffee, chocolate and coconut if they wish to be consistent.
Dorothee Kolberg’s doctorate shows that one of the most important adaptations to climate change farmers can do in seedbed preparation is avoiding compaction. Minimum compaction can be realised if spring fieldwork is performed under sufficiently dry conditions and by careful selection of implements, regarding their weight and mode of function.
In his doctoral work, Rafael Fonseca Benevenuto, has explored the effects of climate change on bilberry plants in Sognefjord, western Norway. His results show that induced chemical defenses in bilberry plants cause a trade-off within the plants, where resources are re-allocated, from growth and reproduction, to defense.
Arsim Ademi has in his PhD work examined the status of micro minerals in soil, crops, feed and animals in Kosovo. His results show that selenium was the most deficient micro mineral in the region, and that supplementation is needed to ensure adequate selenium levels in Kosovar livestock.
Solrun Karlsen Lie has, in her doctoral work, investigated how surface moulds grow in different climates and on different wood materials. The results can make it easier to achieve the desired appearance of unpainted wooden claddings.
A new doctorate has examined the consequences of EU’s climate policies on the European and Southeastern American forest biomass markets. The results show that these consequences could be large and that policy makers must have very clear goals for the preferred ways to solve the shift from the present fossil fuel-based energy system to a less carbon-intensive one.
Interested in sustainable use of grasslands and greenhouse gas emissions? MINA offers interested students the opportunity to participiate in a two-week summer course in China learning about soil and grassland management. The master's course offers a unique learning environment for scientific and cultural exchange. The project covers airfare and lodging.
Small-scale hatcheries may have adverse effects on wild salmon, and the discourse between hatchery advocates and critics is heated. Despite this, they remain a widely used conservation tool. A new doctorate demonstrates that salmon hatcheries are important to the people and communities that operate them, and illuminate why efforts to limit or close them have been met with strong resistance.
A new doctorate has examined the multipurpose tree species African olive (Olea europaea subsp. cuspidata) in Tigray, Ethiopia. It is a vital resource to local communities, but is also threatened by overexploitation.
A new doctorate gives fresh insight into the socio-economic conditions of Ethiopian exclosures. Output is not divided equally amongst the locals, where rich households receive a bigger share. Local perceptions of them are largely favourable, however perception of the economic benefit is less compared to the ecological improvement.
PhD candidate Mengesteab Hailu Ubuy has studied the forest vegetation in the exclosures of Tigray, Ethiopia. He has provided data, models and insights that will be useful for the management of exclosures. He research shows that forest biomass loss over time in some cases is larger than the gain. A large part of this biomass loss is due to illegal harvesting, which is a threat for the prospects of sustainable development of the exclosures.
A new NMBU project will create advanced population estimates for wolverines, wolves, and brown bears in Norway and Sweden. The project pioneers the combination of ecological knowledge, big data and statistical calculations.
Human–nature conflicts poses a serious environmental challenge for human society. How to mitigate such conflicts and identify viable management options? Thursday December 20 there will be an open seminar relating to these issues. All are welcome.