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Tanzanian forests still under pressure from unsustainable use

Tanzanian forests still under pressure from unsustainable use

Greyson Z. Nyamoga’s doctorate show that high demand and consumption result in unsustainable use of Tanzanian forest resources. An increasing population is expected to put further stress on the country’s natural resources.

NMBU climbs on ranking over the world's best universities

NMBU climbs on ranking over the world's best universities

For the third consecutive year, NMBU climbs on an international ranking of the world's best universities in agriculture and forestry. This year, the university is ranked 14th.

Nematodes adapt to withstand silver nanoparticle toxicity

Nematodes adapt to withstand silver nanoparticle toxicity

The doctoral work of Lisa Magdalena Rossbach showed that nematodes continuously exposed to low concentrations of silver nanoparticles can adapt towards the exposure. The maintenance of the reproductive capacity was the dominating adaptive response, whereas antioxidant defenses seemed only to be partially involved.

Marine transport modeling of radionuclides

Marine transport modeling of radionuclides

In his doctorate, Magne Simonsen has researched what happens to radioactive waste once it is released into the ocean. He has developed model systems that improves the prediction of the radionuclide transport.

In case of emergency: risk communication and nuclear incidents

In case of emergency: risk communication and nuclear incidents

In her PhD, Yevgeniya Tomkiv has examined risk communication in nuclear emergency preparedness. Her research shows that there is a need to change the way we think about communication: the focus should shift more towards dynamic social relationships.

 

Developing climate-smart agricultural practices in Sub-Sahara

Developing climate-smart agricultural practices in Sub-Sahara

The doctoral work of José Luis Munera-Echeverri shows that conservation farming in combination with biochar is an effective way of sequestering soil carbon. His results contribute to the development of climate-smart farming, which is particularly important in areas where climate change is affecting food security.

Palm oil: Down from the conservation barricades and out of the rhetorical trenches

Palm oil: Down from the conservation barricades and out of the rhetorical trenches

The effects of oil palm on its surroundings largely depends on case-specific circumstances. Those who ask to boycott all palm oil due to its contribution to deforestation should also consider boycotting coffee, chocolate and coconut if they wish to be consistent.

Timeliness in seedbed preparation for spring cereals - preparing for climate change in Norway

Timeliness in seedbed preparation for spring cereals - preparing for climate change in Norway

Dorothee Kolberg’s doctorate shows that one of the most important adaptations to climate change farmers can do in seedbed preparation is avoiding compaction. Minimum compaction can be realised if spring fieldwork is performed under sufficiently dry conditions and by careful selection of implements, regarding their weight and mode of function.

Open seminar: Soil tillage

Open seminar: Soil tillage

In relation to Dorothee Kolberg's PhD defense, there will be an open seminar with her eternal examiners, arranged by the Soil Society of Norway and the MINA-faculty. 

Open mini-symposium: Chemical ecology

Open mini-symposium: Chemical ecology

On Thursday May 9, there will be a mini-symposium on chemical ecology. It will be open to all. 

The effects of herbivory and climate change on Norwegian bilberry

The effects of herbivory and climate change on Norwegian bilberry

In his doctoral work, Rafael Fonseca Benevenuto, has explored the effects of climate change on bilberry plants in Sognefjord, western Norway. His results show that induced chemical defenses in bilberry plants cause a trade-off within the plants, where resources are re-allocated, from growth and reproduction, to defense.

Mineral supplementation mitigates serious selenium deficiencies in livestock

Mineral supplementation mitigates serious selenium deficiencies in livestock

Arsim Ademi has in his PhD work examined the status of micro minerals in soil, crops, feed and animals in Kosovo. His results show that selenium was the most deficient micro mineral in the region, and that supplementation is needed to ensure adequate selenium levels in Kosovar livestock.

New professor in carnivore ecology and natural resource management

New professor in carnivore ecology and natural resource management

Richard Bischof is employed in a permanent position as new professor in carnivore ecology and natural resource management at MINA. 

Why are unpainted wooden claddings gray?

Why are unpainted wooden claddings gray?

Solrun Karlsen Lie has, in her doctoral work, investigated how surface moulds grow in different climates and on different wood materials. The results can make it easier to achieve the desired appearance of unpainted wooden claddings.

Seminar: From landscape and forest preferences to outdoor-recreation behaviour

Seminar: From landscape and forest preferences to outdoor-recreation behaviour

Wednesday, March 20, Marcel Hunziker will give an open guest lecture on his experiences from Swiss research on nature-based tourism. 

How much will the European and American forestry and forest industries be influenced by new and ambitious climate change policies in the EU?

How much will the European and American forestry and forest industries be influenced by new and ambitious climate change policies in the EU?

A new doctorate has examined the consequences of EU’s climate policies on the European and Southeastern American forest biomass markets. The results show that these consequences could be large and that policy makers must have very clear goals for the preferred ways to solve the shift from the present fossil fuel-based energy system to a less carbon-intensive one.

Summer school in China: Soils under pressure - sustainable solutions

Summer school in China: Soils under pressure - sustainable solutions

Interested in sustainable use of grasslands and greenhouse gas emissions? MINA offers interested students the opportunity to participiate in a two-week summer course in China learning about soil and grassland management. The master's course offers a unique learning environment for scientific and cultural exchange. The project covers airfare and lodging. 

Quiz Masters of Tourism Management awarded

Quiz Masters of Tourism Management awarded

This fall, the class in the course "Tourism management" has utilized the Kahoot quiz to vary its teaching methods. This year, there were three queens who reigned.  

Cultivating conflict? The human dimensions of Atlantic salmon hatcheries

Cultivating conflict? The human dimensions of Atlantic salmon hatcheries

Small-scale hatcheries may have adverse effects on wild salmon, and the discourse between hatchery advocates and critics is heated. Despite this, they remain a widely used conservation tool. A new doctorate demonstrates that salmon hatcheries are important to the people and communities that operate them, and illuminate why efforts to limit or close them have been met with strong resistance.

The African olive – managing an important and locally endangered Afromontane species

The African olive – managing an important and locally endangered Afromontane species

A new doctorate has examined the multipurpose tree species African olive (Olea europaea subsp. cuspidata) in Tigray, Ethiopia. It is a vital resource to local communities, but is also threatened by overexploitation.

Ethiopian exclosures: perceptions and governance

Ethiopian exclosures: perceptions and governance

A new doctorate gives fresh insight into the socio-economic conditions of Ethiopian exclosures. Output is not divided equally amongst the locals, where rich households receive a bigger share. Local perceptions of them are largely favourable, however perception of the economic benefit is less compared to the ecological improvement.

New insights into exclosure management in Ethiopia

New insights into exclosure management in Ethiopia

PhD candidate Mengesteab Hailu Ubuy has studied the forest vegetation in the exclosures of Tigray, Ethiopia. He has provided data, models and insights that will be useful for the management of exclosures. He research shows that forest biomass loss over time in some cases is larger than the gain. A large part of this biomass loss is due to illegal harvesting, which is a threat for the prospects of sustainable development of the exclosures.

Breaking the barrier between ecology and large scale population estimates

Breaking the barrier between ecology and large scale population estimates

A new NMBU project will create advanced population estimates for wolverines, wolves, and brown bears in Norway and Sweden. The project pioneers the combination of ecological knowledge, big data and statistical calculations.

Seminar: Conflicts in human-nature interactions

Seminar: Conflicts in human-nature interactions

Human–nature conflicts poses a serious environmental challenge for human society. How to mitigate such conflicts and identify viable management options? Thursday December 20 there will be an open seminar relating to these issues. All are welcome. 

Scandinavian bears shun people

Scandinavian bears shun people

A new doctorate from NMBU shows that when we people encounter bears, it is usually the bear that runs away.

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