Environmentally Sustainable Development (ESDEV) Conference takes place yearly. Our research team attended the ESDEV Conference the first time in 2011; and presented part of our work there. In 2013 our reserach team 'Gender and Human Security in Post-Conflict Pakistan' had its own workshop on 'CONFLICT AND DEVELOPMENT' at the ESDEV Conference. 



A major challenge in assisting people in post- conflict contexts is understanding the complex and dynamic links between security and development, and how they are gendered. In the shift from military to civilian security such as the police, and from humanitarian to development activities, particularly the gender dimensions of security and development are difficult to grasp. In northwestern Pakistan, the post conflict scenario was complicated in 2010 by the advent of disaster in the form of flood. 

This workshop will begin with presentations examining the case of post-conflict/flood Swat in NWFP Pakistan, exploring how women and men perceive and experience different kinds of insecurity as they attempt to pursue their livelihoods following the government operation to expel Taliban militants, and following the 2010 floods. The presentations are mainly based on the research conducted under the project ‘Gender and Human Security in Post-Conflict Pakistan: Policy implications of local, gendered understandings of security and development’ funded by the Research Council of Norway. 

The papers will address the ways in which women and men may have different opportunities and strategies as they maneuver amongst the plethora of traditional institutions and authorities, civil society groups, NGOs, local government, the judiciary, the police and the military in order to secure their lives. The research used qualitative methods to investigate how local understandings of security and insecurity, threats and vulnerabilities, rights, conflicts and negotiations compare with those of state and non-state institutions, moving from local, to district, to province to national/international levels, and what the implications of these differences mean in terms of changes in policies and programs such that women’s position in Swat is strengthened and gender equality achieved. The papers will thus link micro-macro processes to understand not only local contexts, but how they are embedded in a wider social, political and economic context. 

The workshop welcomes papers and presentations on similar issues from other research environments and case studies, and will include both presentations, panel and open discussions. We hope to provide a dynamic environment for discussions and networking, both nationally and internationally, between academia, development actors and policy makers on these issues. 


Post Conflict/Disaster Development in Swat 

 Human Security and Livelihood through a Gendered Lens 

 Post Conflict/Disaster Humanitarian Aid 

Title and focus of presentations sorted according to one of the three workshop themes:


The Role of Class Differences in Conflict and its Effect on Social Protection and Development in Swat

S.Khurram Hayat (Presentation)

Dr. Bahadar Nawab (Supervision)

Dr. Tahir Mahmood (Co-Supervision)


Analyzing the Affects of Militancy on Livelihoods of Rural Communities in Swat

Shaista Bibi

Shaista Bibi, Department of Development Studies, CIIT Abbottabad


Tiptoeing Through a Volatile Valley:  Experiences and methodological challenges in conducting field research in post-conflict Swat, Pakistan

Ingrid Nyborg, Bahadar Nawab

Ingrid Nyborg; Associate Professor, Department of International Environment and Development Studies (Noragric), Norwegian University of Life Sciences (UMB), Norway

Bahadar Nawab; Associate Professor, COMSATS Institute of Information Technology, Abbottabad, Pakistan 


Participatory development approaches and practices: A critical assessment of their impacts on gendered empowerment and development in pre & post crises of Swat, Pakistan

Noor Elahi

Noor Elahi, Ph.D Fellow, Department of International Environment and Development Studies, University of Life Sciences (UMB), Ås, Norway




Gendering the legal and customary practices in ownership and access to land and land-based resources in Swat

Abda Khalid

Abda Khalid, Phd Fellow, Department of International Environment and Development Studies
University of Life Sciences (UMB), Ås, Norway


Gendered Perspectives on and Experiences of Conflict and Human Insecurity in Swat, Pakistan

Faheema Taj Khan, Hamayun Khan, Ingrid Nyborg, Bahadar  Nawab

Department of Development Studies,  COMSATS Institute of Information Technology (CIIT), Abbottabad
Department of International Environment and Development Studies, Noragric, Norwegian University of Life Sciences (UMB)


Gender and Human Security in Post-Conflict Pakistan: Policy implications of local, gendered perceptions of security and development  (2011-2014)

Ingrid Nyborg

Ingrid Nyborg, Noragric, UMB





Exploring the Impacts of Humanitarian Aid on Social Relations: A case study of Humanitarian Assistance in Post Crises Swat

Hamayun Khan

Hamayun Khan, Department of Development Studies, COMSATS, Abbottabad 2013 

Published 1. December 2016 - 11:46 - Updated 10. October 2019 - 12:35