archive

Archive for 2019

Conservation: Beyond population growth

Conservation: Beyond population growth

Noragric's Tor A. Benjaminsen, Connor Cavanagh & colleagues discuss politics, population growth and conservation around the Serengeti and Masai Mara. Letter in Science Magazine.

Territoriality of radical Islam

Territoriality of radical Islam

How do violent Jihadist groups go about trying to control territory? Are there generalizations to be made? New study by Bohumil Doboš, Martin Riegl & Noragric's Stig Jarle Hansen.

The Problems of Economic Data in Africa

The Problems of Economic Data in Africa

The study of economic development in African countries is hindered by a lack of reliable data and statistics, explains Noragric's Morten Jerven in the 2019 edition of the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Politics 

Changing gender relations under recurrent drought conditions in southern Ethiopia

Changing gender relations under recurrent drought conditions in southern Ethiopia

Drought-induced changes in pastoral production in Borana, Ethiopia lead to women having increased workloads, decision-making and income-earning opportunities. New Noragric study by Abiyot Anbacha & Darley Kjosavik. 

Gendered perspectives of climatic and non-climatic stressors in Ethiopia

Gendered perspectives of climatic and non-climatic stressors in Ethiopia

Climate is perceived as the most frequent and impactful source of stress in Borana, southern Ethiopia followed by economic stress, according to a new Noragric study by Abiyot Eliyas Anbacha & Darley Kjosavik. 

Climate Change and Coastal Resources in Tanzania

Climate Change and Coastal Resources in Tanzania

A new book on the vulnerability, resilience and governance of socio-ecological systems. Co-edited and co-authored by Ian Bryceson

Western trauma treatment in Sudan

Western trauma treatment in Sudan

Western treatments for trauma can be useful in non-Western settings but these need to be carefully modified to the context and individual, finds Noragric-based study with Marie Røren, Shai Divon & colleagues.

War and city-making in Somalia: Property, power and disposable lives

War and city-making in Somalia: Property, power and disposable lives

Kirsti Stuvøy and colleagues draw on their fieldwork with displaced people in Somali cities to analyse claims to property and the often violent competition to uphold them. Article in 'Political Geography'.

Post-conflict police-community relations

Post-conflict police-community relations

Ingrid Nyborg gives an overview of the emerging perspectives of the relations between police and communities following conflict. Article in the Journal of Human Security

Community-Based Policing in Nicaragua

Community-Based Policing in Nicaragua

New Noragric-led study looks at the development of the Nicaraguan community-policing model, viewed by many as an effective anti-crime approach until the wave of political violence in 2018. John-Andrew McNeish and colleagues in the Journal of Human Security.

Pluriverse: A Post-Development Dictionary

Pluriverse: A Post-Development Dictionary

Sustainable development is the theme of Erik Gómez-Baggethun's chapter in this newly published book. 

Horn, Sahel and Rift

Horn, Sahel and Rift

Why is Jihadism alive and well in sub-Saharan Africa after more than thirty years of Western and global efforts to curtail it? New book by Stig Jarle Hansen profiles the spread of Islamist groups in Africa. 

Indigenous World 2019

Indigenous World 2019

Newly published book providing updates on the situation of indigenous peoples across 62 countries and 13 international processes. Includes a section on the UNFCCC co-authored by Noragric PhD Fellow Tomohiro Harada. 

Norwegian NGOs’ engagement with state governmentality

Norwegian NGOs’ engagement with state governmentality

What exactly are we a part of now? Article by Sverre Ofstad & Andrei Marin in Forum for Development Studies

From Desiccation to Global Climate Change

From Desiccation to Global Climate Change

The idea of desertification in the West African Sahel lives on despite the greening that has taken place since the drought of the 1980s. Tor Arve Benjaminsen and Pierre Hiernaux present a history of the desertification narrative in the West African Sahel, 1900-2018.

Asking the right questions in adaptation research and practice: Seeing beyond climate impacts in rural Nepal

Asking the right questions in adaptation research and practice: Seeing beyond climate impacts in rural Nepal

Andrea Nightingale, Siri Eriksen & colleagues in 'Environmental Science & Policy'. 

Towards a green modernization development discourse: the new green revolution in Africa

Towards a green modernization development discourse: the new green revolution in Africa

The post-Rio+20 context has revitalized a 'green' version of modernization to become the leading approach within international development - namely green modernization, claim Noragric PhD Fellows Mikael Bergius and Jill Tove Buseth. New article in the Journal of Political Ecology.

 

Speaking Power to “Post-Truth”: Critical Political Ecology and the New Authoritarianism

Speaking Power to “Post-Truth”: Critical Political Ecology and the New Authoritarianism

Connor J. Cavanagh, Tor A. Benjaminsen and colleagues in 'Annals of the American Association of Geographers'.

The history of African poverty by numbers: Evidence and vantage points

The history of African poverty by numbers: Evidence and vantage points

Based on alternative numerical evidence, the history of poverty in Africa could be radically different from the dominant interpretation today, says economic historian and Noragric professor Morten Jerven. 

Climate-smart agriculture: How do women benefit?

Climate-smart agriculture: How do women benefit?

Climate-smart agriculture is designed with the aim of improving productivity, but does not emphasise the improvement of gender inequalities that are responsible for unequal production relations. Noragric PhD Fellow Meseret Tsige investigates the situation in Ethiopia in a new study in 'Rural Sociology'.

Smallholders' views on the importance of ecosystem services

Smallholders' views on the importance of ecosystem services

Smallholders play a key role in ecosystem management. A new study by the National Autonomous University of Mexico and Noragric looks at how much importance is placed on ecosystem services by cattle ranchers on the Pacific Coast of Mexico and how this should affect policies. With Erik Gómez-Baggethun. 

REDD, NGOs and Local Government in Tanzania

REDD, NGOs and Local Government in Tanzania

REDD+ activities in Tanzania have been financially supported mainly by Norway. A large percentage of the funds have been allocated to pilot projects that were implemented by NGOs rather than goverment. Desmond McNeill, Maria Furuly & Arild Vatn assessed the implications of this. Article in 'International Forestry Review'

Sustainability of improved crop varieties and agricultural practices in Ethiopia

Sustainability of improved crop varieties and agricultural practices in Ethiopia

With the aim of boosting food security and farmers’ livelihoods, several 'new' technologies such as improved crop varieties and specialised agricultural practices were introduced to farmers in the Rift Valley of Ethiopia. New study by Getachew Sime and Jens Aune. 

Viability of constructed wetland for treatment of dye wastewater in Pakistan

Viability of constructed wetland for treatment of dye wastewater in Pakistan

Dye wastewater is a major pollutant, often killing plants and microorganisms in wetlands. This study looked at the viability of specially constructed wetlands for handling highly polluted wastewater. 

Climate Change, Food and Biodiversity

Climate Change, Food and Biodiversity

If crops do not successfully adapt to climate change, neither will agriculture and neither will we, say Noragric's Ola Westengen and former Professor Cary Fowler in the new book 'Biodiversity and Climate Change'. Foreword by E.O. Wilson, published by Yale University Press.

 

Grading greatness

Grading greatness

How do countries gain recognition from the international society? A new study with Noragric's Paul Beaumont compares the 'status performance' of the BRICS states (Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa). 

An analysis of the clan system in Somalia

An analysis of the clan system in Somalia

Many explanations of Somali society and conflict centre on the country's clan system. Noragric PhD alumnus and former Somalia Prime Minister candidate Mohamed Gaas analyses this system in a new study in the Journal of Contemporary African Studies.