Plant breeding is essential to food production, climate-change adaptation and sustainable development. A new book brings together farmers and plant breeders across a diversity of crops from around the world to provide solutions towards transformation and food security. Edited by Ola Westengen and Tone Winge.
A no-deal Brexit may be the optimum outcome for the EU because it would illustrate the folly of leaving and crystallise the benefits of membership, argues Noragric PhD Fellow Paul Beaumont in New Perspectives
Social Darwinism - 'survival of the fittest' - has been used to justify racism, imperialism and more. In a new study, Connor Cavanagh examines the concept's effect on forest conservation in East Africa, arguing for the need for 'truth & reconciliation' in relation to these issues.
The food systems on which humanity depends face multiple threats in the 21st Century, yet the governance of these systems is under-researched. Siri Eriksen collaborates with the World Bank, CGIAR and several other institutions to propose a comprehensive research agenda for the coming years.
Harvesting water via the ancient tula wells in Ethiopia has relied on indigenous knowledge and technology. This is all changing in recent years, so what is the future for the Borana water management system? Waktole Tiki and Gufu Oba in 'Nomadic Peoples'.
Delta flood plains provide critically important benefits to humans including food and recreation. New study assesses changes in the Danube Delta and the impacts of these on humans. Erik Gómez-Baggethun & colleagues in 'Ecosystem Services'.
Climate change is already negatively affecting agriculture in sub-Saharan Africa. One counter-measure is to switch to better-adapted crop varieties, requiring access to suitable seeds - but how effective is the governance of seed systems to allow for this? New study by Ola Westengen, Ruth Haug and colleagues.
Hans Adam and colleagues examine the intersections between local understandings of climate change and politics, history, culture, livelihoods and policy across a range of scales, from local to national and regional. Special issue of 'Regional Environmental Change'.
The study of economic development in African countries is hindered by a lack of reliable data and statistics, explains Noragric's Morten Jerven in the 2019 edition of the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Politics
Drought-induced changes in pastoral production in Borana, Ethiopia lead to women having increased workloads, decision-making and income-earning opportunities. New Noragric study by Abiyot Anbacha & Darley Kjosavik.
Kirsti Stuvøy and colleagues draw on their fieldwork with displaced people in Somali cities to analyse claims to property and the often violent competition to uphold them. Article in 'Political Geography'.
New Noragric-led study looks at the development of the Nicaraguan community-policing model, viewed by many as an effective anti-crime approach until the wave of political violence in 2018. John-Andrew McNeish and colleagues in the Journal of Human Security.
Why is Jihadism alive and well in sub-Saharan Africa after more than thirty years of Western and global efforts to curtail it? New book by Stig Jarle Hansen profiles the spread of Islamist groups in Africa.
Newly published book providing updates on the situation of indigenous peoples across 62 countries and 13 international processes. Includes a section on the UNFCCC co-authored by Noragric PhD Fellow Tomohiro Harada.
Climate is perceived as the most frequent and impactful source of stress in Borana, southern Ethiopia followed by economic stress, according to a new Noragric study by Abiyot Eliyas Anbacha & Darley Kjosavik.
Western treatments for trauma can be useful in non-Western settings but these need to be carefully modified to the context and individual, finds Noragric-based study with Marie Røren, Shai Divon & colleagues.
The idea of desertification in the West African Sahel lives on despite the greening that has taken place since the drought of the 1980s. Tor Arve Benjaminsen and Pierre Hiernaux present a history of the desertification narrative in the West African Sahel, 1900-2018.
The post-Rio+20 context has revitalized a 'green' version of modernization to become the leading approach within international development - namely green modernization, claim Noragric PhD Fellows Mikael Bergius and Jill Tove Buseth. New article in the Journal of Political Ecology.
Based on alternative numerical evidence, the history of poverty in Africa could be radically different from the dominant interpretation today, says economic historian and Noragric professor Morten Jerven.
Climate-smart agriculture is designed with the aim of improving productivity, but does not emphasise the improvement of gender inequalities that are responsible for unequal production relations. Noragric PhD Fellow Meseret Tsige investigates the situation in Ethiopia in a new study in 'Rural Sociology'.
Smallholders play a key role in ecosystem management. A new study by the National Autonomous University of Mexico and Noragric looks at how much importance is placed on ecosystem services by cattle ranchers on the Pacific Coast of Mexico and how this should affect policies. With Erik Gómez-Baggethun.
REDD+ activities in Tanzania have been financially supported mainly by Norway. A large percentage of the funds have been allocated to pilot projects that were implemented by NGOs rather than goverment. Desmond McNeill, Maria Furuly & Arild Vatn assessed the implications of this. Article in 'International Forestry Review'
With the aim of boosting food security and farmers’ livelihoods, several 'new' technologies such as improved crop varieties and specialised agricultural practices were introduced to farmers in the Rift Valley of Ethiopia. New study by Getachew Sime and Jens Aune.
If crops do not successfully adapt to climate change, neither will agriculture and neither will we, say Noragric's Ola Westengen and former Professor Cary Fowler in the new book 'Biodiversity and Climate Change'. Foreword by E.O. Wilson, published by Yale University Press.
How do countries gain recognition from the international society? A new study with Noragric's Paul Beaumont compares the 'status performance' of the BRICS states (Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa).
Many explanations of Somali society and conflict centre on the country's clan system. Noragric PhD alumnus and former Somalia Prime Minister candidate Mohamed Gaas analyses this system in a new study in the Journal of Contemporary African Studies.