archive

Archive for 2019

Rural livelihoods and climate change adaptation in Bosnia and Herzegovina

Rural livelihoods and climate change adaptation in Bosnia and Herzegovina

How are households in Bosnia and Herzegovina affected by climate change, and how do they adapt to it? New sustainability study by Ognjen Žurovec and Pål Vedeld.

New Book: Farmers and Plant Breeding - Current Approaches and Perspectives

New Book: Farmers and Plant Breeding - Current Approaches and Perspectives

Plant breeding is essential to food production, climate-change adaptation and sustainable development. A new book brings together farmers and plant breeders across a diversity of crops from around the world to provide solutions towards transformation and food security. Edited by Ola Westengen and Tone Winge.

From guns to roses: Understanding community-oriented policing in Afghanistan

From guns to roses: Understanding community-oriented policing in Afghanistan

New study explores how community-oriented policing in Afghanistan links with local people and institutions to ensure security and trust. With Ingrid Nyborg, Jaishankar Ganapathy & Ajmal Nimruzi.

Brexit: Unwitting Martyr for the Cause?

Brexit: Unwitting Martyr for the Cause?

A no-deal Brexit may be the optimum outcome for the EU because it would illustrate the folly of leaving and crystallise the benefits of membership, argues Noragric PhD Fellow Paul Beaumont in New Perspectives 

Dying races, deforestation and drought in East Africa

Dying races, deforestation and drought in East Africa

Social Darwinism - 'survival of the fittest' - has been used to justify racism, imperialism and more. In a new study, Connor Cavanagh examines the concept's effect on forest conservation in East Africa, arguing for the need for 'truth & reconciliation' in relation to these issues.

Advancing the research agenda on food systems

Advancing the research agenda on food systems

The food systems on which humanity depends face multiple threats in the 21st Century, yet the governance of these systems is under-researched. Siri Eriksen collaborates with the World Bank, CGIAR and several other institutions to propose a comprehensive research agenda for the coming years.

 Routledge Handbook of Deradicalisation and Disengagement

Routledge Handbook of Deradicalisation and Disengagement

A new book co-edited by Stig Jarle Hansen offers an overview of the historical settings, theoretical debates, national approaches and practical strategies to deradicalisation and disengagement. 

Transforming water harvesting in southern Ethiopia

Transforming water harvesting in southern Ethiopia

Harvesting water via the ancient tula wells in Ethiopia has relied on indigenous knowledge and technology. This is all changing in recent years, so what is the future for the Borana water management system? Waktole Tiki and Gufu Oba in 'Nomadic Peoples'.

Exploring social preferences for ecosystem services of multifunctional agriculture across policy scenarios

Exploring social preferences for ecosystem services of multifunctional agriculture across policy scenarios

NMBU's Morten Clemetsen, Lars Olav Eik and colleagues in Ecosystem Services.

The politics of citizenship

The politics of citizenship

New study examines the struggle over resources, authority and belonging in the new Federal Republic of Nepal. Andrea Nightingale, Lutgart Lenaerts and colleagues in the Journal of South Asian Studies.

Consequences of displacement and resettlement

Consequences of displacement and resettlement

A case on a planned oil refinery development project in Uganda is investigated by Pål Vedeld & colleagues in the Journal of Refugee Studies.

Is gender mainstreaming viable?

Is gender mainstreaming viable?

New Noragric study analyses the practicality of policies for agriculture-based gendered development in Ethiopia. Meseret Tsige, Gry Synnevåg & Jens B. Aune in 'Gender Issues'

Changes in ecosystem services in the Danube Delta

Changes in ecosystem services in the Danube Delta

Delta flood plains provide critically important benefits to humans including food and recreation. New study assesses changes in the Danube Delta and the impacts of these on humans. Erik Gómez-Baggethun & colleagues in 'Ecosystem Services'.

Climate, Capitalism and Communities

Climate, Capitalism and Communities

New book with Noragric researcher Andrei Marin gives an anthropological perspective of the environmental consequences of global capital's growth. 

Governing seeds in East Africa in the face of climate change

Governing seeds in East Africa in the face of climate change

Climate change is already negatively affecting agriculture in sub-Saharan Africa. One counter-measure is to switch to better-adapted crop varieties, requiring access to suitable seeds - but how effective is the governance of seed systems to allow for this?  New study by Ola Westengen, Ruth Haug and colleagues. 

Climate change and uncertainty from ‘above’ and ‘below’

Climate change and uncertainty from ‘above’ and ‘below’

Hans Adam and colleagues examine the intersections between local understandings of climate change and politics, history, culture, livelihoods and policy across a range of scales, from local to national and regional. Special issue of 'Regional Environmental Change'.

Which fodder plants can reduce methane emissions and simultaneously improve animal productivity in Ethiopia?

Which fodder plants can reduce methane emissions and simultaneously improve animal productivity in Ethiopia?

Yonas Berhanu, Lars Olav Eik, Jens Aune & colleagues in 'Agriculture'.

Beyond technical fixes: Climate solutions and the great derangement

Beyond technical fixes: Climate solutions and the great derangement

Siri Eriksen and colleagues in 'Climate Change and Development'.

Conservation: Beyond population growth

Conservation: Beyond population growth

Noragric's Tor A. Benjaminsen, Connor Cavanagh & colleagues discuss politics, population growth and conservation around the Serengeti and Masai Mara. Letter in Science Magazine.

Territoriality of radical Islam

Territoriality of radical Islam

How do violent Jihadist groups go about trying to control territory? Are there generalizations to be made? New study by Bohumil Doboš, Martin Riegl & Noragric's Stig Jarle Hansen.

The Problems of Economic Data in Africa

The Problems of Economic Data in Africa

The study of economic development in African countries is hindered by a lack of reliable data and statistics, explains Noragric's Morten Jerven in the 2019 edition of the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Politics 

Changing gender relations under recurrent drought conditions in southern Ethiopia

Changing gender relations under recurrent drought conditions in southern Ethiopia

Drought-induced changes in pastoral production in Borana, Ethiopia lead to women having increased workloads, decision-making and income-earning opportunities. New Noragric study by Abiyot Anbacha & Darley Kjosavik. 

War and city-making in Somalia: Property, power and disposable lives

War and city-making in Somalia: Property, power and disposable lives

Kirsti Stuvøy and colleagues draw on their fieldwork with displaced people in Somali cities to analyse claims to property and the often violent competition to uphold them. Article in 'Political Geography'.

Post-conflict police-community relations

Post-conflict police-community relations

Ingrid Nyborg gives an overview of the emerging perspectives of the relations between police and communities following conflict. Article in the Journal of Human Security

Community-Based Policing in Nicaragua

Community-Based Policing in Nicaragua

New Noragric-led study looks at the development of the Nicaraguan community-policing model, viewed by many as an effective anti-crime approach until the wave of political violence in 2018. John-Andrew McNeish and colleagues in the Journal of Human Security.

Pluriverse: A Post-Development Dictionary

Pluriverse: A Post-Development Dictionary

Sustainable development is the theme of Erik Gómez-Baggethun's chapter in this newly published book. 

Horn, Sahel and Rift

Horn, Sahel and Rift

Why is Jihadism alive and well in sub-Saharan Africa after more than thirty years of Western and global efforts to curtail it? New book by Stig Jarle Hansen profiles the spread of Islamist groups in Africa. 

Indigenous World 2019

Indigenous World 2019

Newly published book providing updates on the situation of indigenous peoples across 62 countries and 13 international processes. Includes a section on the UNFCCC co-authored by Noragric PhD Fellow Tomohiro Harada. 

Gendered perspectives of climatic and non-climatic stressors in Ethiopia

Gendered perspectives of climatic and non-climatic stressors in Ethiopia

Climate is perceived as the most frequent and impactful source of stress in Borana, southern Ethiopia followed by economic stress, according to a new Noragric study by Abiyot Eliyas Anbacha & Darley Kjosavik. 

Climate Change and Coastal Resources in Tanzania

Climate Change and Coastal Resources in Tanzania

A new book on the vulnerability, resilience and governance of socio-ecological systems. Co-edited and co-authored by Ian Bryceson

Western trauma treatment in Sudan

Western trauma treatment in Sudan

Western treatments for trauma can be useful in non-Western settings but these need to be carefully modified to the context and individual, finds Noragric-based study with Marie Røren, Shai Divon & colleagues.

Norwegian NGOs’ engagement with state governmentality

Norwegian NGOs’ engagement with state governmentality

What exactly are we a part of now? Article by Sverre Ofstad & Andrei Marin in Forum for Development Studies

From Desiccation to Global Climate Change

From Desiccation to Global Climate Change

The idea of desertification in the West African Sahel lives on despite the greening that has taken place since the drought of the 1980s. Tor Arve Benjaminsen and Pierre Hiernaux present a history of the desertification narrative in the West African Sahel, 1900-2018.

Asking the right questions in adaptation research and practice: Seeing beyond climate impacts in rural Nepal

Asking the right questions in adaptation research and practice: Seeing beyond climate impacts in rural Nepal

Andrea Nightingale, Siri Eriksen & colleagues in 'Environmental Science & Policy'. 

Towards a green modernization development discourse: the new green revolution in Africa

Towards a green modernization development discourse: the new green revolution in Africa

The post-Rio+20 context has revitalized a 'green' version of modernization to become the leading approach within international development - namely green modernization, claim Noragric PhD Fellows Mikael Bergius and Jill Tove Buseth. New article in the Journal of Political Ecology.

 

Speaking Power to “Post-Truth”: Critical Political Ecology and the New Authoritarianism

Speaking Power to “Post-Truth”: Critical Political Ecology and the New Authoritarianism

Connor J. Cavanagh, Tor A. Benjaminsen and colleagues in 'Annals of the American Association of Geographers'.

The history of African poverty by numbers: Evidence and vantage points

The history of African poverty by numbers: Evidence and vantage points

Based on alternative numerical evidence, the history of poverty in Africa could be radically different from the dominant interpretation today, says economic historian and Noragric professor Morten Jerven. 

Climate-smart agriculture: How do women benefit?

Climate-smart agriculture: How do women benefit?

Climate-smart agriculture is designed with the aim of improving productivity, but does not emphasise the improvement of gender inequalities that are responsible for unequal production relations. Noragric PhD Fellow Meseret Tsige investigates the situation in Ethiopia in a new study in 'Rural Sociology'.

Smallholders' views on the importance of ecosystem services

Smallholders' views on the importance of ecosystem services

Smallholders play a key role in ecosystem management. A new study by the National Autonomous University of Mexico and Noragric looks at how much importance is placed on ecosystem services by cattle ranchers on the Pacific Coast of Mexico and how this should affect policies. With Erik Gómez-Baggethun. 

REDD, NGOs and Local Government in Tanzania

REDD, NGOs and Local Government in Tanzania

REDD+ activities in Tanzania have been financially supported mainly by Norway. A large percentage of the funds have been allocated to pilot projects that were implemented by NGOs rather than goverment. Desmond McNeill, Maria Furuly & Arild Vatn assessed the implications of this. Article in 'International Forestry Review'

Sustainability of improved crop varieties and agricultural practices in Ethiopia

Sustainability of improved crop varieties and agricultural practices in Ethiopia

With the aim of boosting food security and farmers’ livelihoods, several 'new' technologies such as improved crop varieties and specialised agricultural practices were introduced to farmers in the Rift Valley of Ethiopia. New study by Getachew Sime and Jens Aune. 

Viability of constructed wetland for treatment of dye wastewater in Pakistan

Viability of constructed wetland for treatment of dye wastewater in Pakistan

Dye wastewater is a major pollutant, often killing plants and microorganisms in wetlands. This study looked at the viability of specially constructed wetlands for handling highly polluted wastewater. 

Climate Change, Food and Biodiversity

Climate Change, Food and Biodiversity

If crops do not successfully adapt to climate change, neither will agriculture and neither will we, say Noragric's Ola Westengen and former Professor Cary Fowler in the new book 'Biodiversity and Climate Change'. Foreword by E.O. Wilson, published by Yale University Press.

 

Grading greatness

Grading greatness

How do countries gain recognition from the international society? A new study with Noragric's Paul Beaumont compares the 'status performance' of the BRICS states (Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa). 

An analysis of the clan system in Somalia

An analysis of the clan system in Somalia

Many explanations of Somali society and conflict centre on the country's clan system. Noragric PhD alumnus and former Somalia Prime Minister candidate Mohamed Gaas analyses this system in a new study in the Journal of Contemporary African Studies.