archive

Archive for 2020

Large-scale mining in the Amazon

Large-scale mining in the Amazon

What are the state and company led practices for redistribution and compensation after industrial mineral extraction in the Ecuadorian Amazon? New study by Noragric's Esben Leifsen. 

Revisiting the refugee–host relationship in Uganda

Revisiting the refugee–host relationship in Uganda

New Noragric/Fafo study examines the opportunities refugees have for self-reliance, and the effects of this on the host populations living alongside them in Uganda’s largest refugee camp.

The narrative of militancy

The narrative of militancy

Noragric collaborated with COMSATS university in Pakistan in a study to increase our understanding of the role of narratives in militancy in the Swat district of Pakistan. 

Can cultural ecosystem services contribute to satisfying basic human needs?

Can cultural ecosystem services contribute to satisfying basic human needs?

Noragric teamed up with the Norwegian Institute for Nature Research (NINA) to examine how ecosystem services contribute to satisfying basic human needs among the population of Lofoten in northern Norway.

Militant Islamism and local clan dynamics in Somalia

Militant Islamism and local clan dynamics in Somalia

A discussion on the expansion of the Islamic Courts Union in Lower Jubba province by Noragric PhD Fellow Michael Skjelderup and colleagues.

Improving the economics of sheep farms in Norwegian coastal and fjord areas

Improving the economics of sheep farms in Norwegian coastal and fjord areas

With declining meat consumption in Norway, a farming system based on more of the smaller and better-adapted Norwegian Spæl sheep may be a way forward, says new study. 

Vulnerability of pastoralism in the high mountains of Nepal

Vulnerability of pastoralism in the high mountains of Nepal

Whilst the decline in pastoralism in the Himalayan region of Nepal is affected by escalating climate change impacts, non-climatic factors such as policy and globalization are more influential in its decline, says new study with Noragric's Bishal Sitaula.

Large carnivore governance in Norway and Sweden

Large carnivore governance in Norway and Sweden

While carnivore governance in both countries is founded on decentralized regional management, local people struggle to have their knowledge and experience acknowledged in the management process, finds a new study with Noragric's Randi Kaarhus.

Intensification of sorghum production in Mali

Intensification of sorghum production in Mali

Mali's Institute of Rural Economy teamed up with Noragric to assess ways to intensify flood recession farming in the West African country. Low cost technologies improved yields of sorghum from 25%-77%. Gry Synnevåg and Jens Aune in Agronomy.

Intensification of pearl millet production in Niger

Intensification of pearl millet production in Niger

Food insecurity is a growing concern in Niger. A Noragric-partnered study tested new methods for producing pearl millet, a staple food crop in the country. The results included less time sowing and weeding, faster maturing crops and increased yields compared to traditional methods.

 

The use and abuse of the 'model farmer' approach in Ethiopia

The use and abuse of the 'model farmer' approach in Ethiopia

Agricultural extension programmes often choose model farmers to train other farmers on improved agricultural practices - but critical reflection on who these model farmers are and how they are selected is necessary to avoid misuse of this practice, say Noragric's Selam Hailemichael & Ruth Haug.

Non-material costs of wildlife conservation

Non-material costs of wildlife conservation

A broader social well-being approach is required to better manage the impacts of wildlife conservation for local people, according to a new multi-partner study with Noragric's Pål Vedeld.

African Environmental Crisis

African Environmental Crisis

Flawed imperial assumptions and short-term research projects have generated an inaccurate view of the environment in Africa, argues Gufu Oba in his latest book. 

Livestock income and community welfare in South Africa

Livestock income and community welfare in South Africa

Noragric teamed up with Rhodes University in South Africa to assess how income from livestock affects the welfare of communities living near a South African nature reserve. Pål Vedeld & colleagues in Environmental Development.

The role of community seed banks in achieving farmers’ rights

The role of community seed banks in achieving farmers’ rights

Community seed banks are good examples of effective implementation of farmers' rights, but have received little attention in scientific literature and policy. Teshome Hunduma Mulesa and colleagues show how this knowledge gap can be filled.

The underlying causes of violent conflict in tribal areas of Pakistan

The underlying causes of violent conflict in tribal areas of Pakistan

Following the US invasion of Afghanistan in 2001, Pakistan and the merged Tribal Districts experienced increasing violent conflict. A new COMSATS/Noragric study examines the causes of conflict in the tribal area North Waziristan from the perspective of local communities.

 

Use your power for good: plural valuation of nature

Use your power for good: plural valuation of nature

How we use nature reflects the values and rights of individuals, communities and society at large. In a new paper, a diverse group of environmental scientists and practitioners develop a shared strategy on how the multiple ways that nature is evaluated can be addressed together. With Noragric's Erik Gómez-Baggethun.

Climate impacts on agricultural and natural resource sustainability in Africa

Climate impacts on agricultural and natural resource sustainability in Africa

Guided by key SDGs, NMBU joins forces with many international partners to discuss innovative ways of adapting to climate change for sustainable food security in Africa. NMBU authors include Lars Olav Eik, Bal Ram Singh, Jens Aune, Gry Synnevåg, Ruth Haug, Ola Westengen & Neil Davey.

Gentrifying the African landscape

Gentrifying the African landscape

A new NMBU/NTNU study examines the consequences of the rise of non-state conservation landscapes in Kenya’s Maasai Mara region. By Connor Cavanagh, Teklehaymanot Weldemichel & Tor A. Benjaminsen.

Depicting decline: images and myths in environmental discourse analysis

Depicting decline: images and myths in environmental discourse analysis

The late Eirin Hongslo focused her research at NMBU on the use of photographs and maps as scientific evidence. Tor A. Benjaminsen writes from this perspective in a special issue of Landscape Research edited by Synne Movik, Tim Richardson and Benjaminsen in memory of Eirin. He gives three examples of how such images can spawn myths about pastoral mismanagement of the environment.

Mozambique on the move

Mozambique on the move

Taking a fresh look at Mozambique, this book probes the political and sociocultural diversity of the country within the broader context of the global dimensions of economic and political powers. Contributors include Noragric professor Randi Kaarhus.

Extending the fresh meat season in Norway

Extending the fresh meat season in Norway

The availability of fresh lamb meat is strongly seasonal in Norway. The slaughter of older sheep (hoggets) might extend the availability of fresh sheep meat and reduce the glut of surplus lamb meat in the autumn - but would you eat it? New study with Lars Olav Eik.

Assessing socio-ecological resilience in cities

Assessing socio-ecological resilience in cities

Take a look at a new book on urban resilience, including a chapter on socio-ecological resilience in cities co-written by Noragric professor Erik Gómez-Baggethun.

Agricultural carbon finance in western Kenya

Agricultural carbon finance in western Kenya

Using the case of a high-profile agricultural carbon finance initiative in Kenya, a new study shows why socio-environmental justice matters in landscape-scale climate mitigation. Connor Cavanagh, Pål Vedeld, Jón Pétursson & Anthony K. Chemarum in the Journal of Peasant Studies.

More is more: Scaling political ecology within limits to growth

More is more: Scaling political ecology within limits to growth

Erik Gómez-Baggethun responds to Paul Robbins' discussions on degrowth and modernism as two competing political concepts. 

Against the grain?

Against the grain?

Why do some countries implement restrictive access to plant genetic resources that sustain food security? New Noragric study by Teshome Mulesa & Ola Westengen looks at the case in Ethiopia.

Can climate interventions open up space for transformation?

Can climate interventions open up space for transformation?

A new study with NMBU's Siri Eriksen & Ingvild Vetrhus examines the case of climate-smart agriculture in Uganda. 

The gendered nature of security in El Salvador

The gendered nature of security in El Salvador

How has militarized masculinity hindered the implementation of democratic policing in El Salvador? Erika Rojas Ospina in the Journal of Human Security. 

Green economy, degradation narratives and land-use conflicts in Tanzania

Green economy, degradation narratives and land-use conflicts in Tanzania

While land-use conflicts in Africa are often thought to be due to natural resource scarcity and environmental degradation resulting from population growth, a new Noragric co-authored study demonstrates how degradation narratives may themselves be a key driver of conflicts in Tanzania. Mikael Bergius, Tor A. Benjaminsen & colleagues in World Development.

 
Anti-mining resistance in formal spaces of governance: The case of CASCOMI in Ecuador

Anti-mining resistance in formal spaces of governance: The case of CASCOMI in Ecuador

New study describes the strategies of resistance of an association of peasents and indigenous peoples against a megamining project in the southern Ecuadorian Amazon. Luis Sánchez-Vázquez & Esben Leifsen in the European Review of Latin American and Caribbean Studies.