Time: Wednesdays 12:15 - 14:00
Place: Library, Tårnbygningen
12 November 2014
SCOTT BREMER: Understanding the climate and its impacts in northeast Bangladesh. Citizen scientists in action
Bangladesh is one of the most vulnerable countries in the world to the threats of climate change. Many Bangladeshi communities are highly dependent on agriculture for their livelihoods and have weak infrastructure for dealing with extreme weather events, meaning that any variability in the weather can have serious impacts on these communities; ranging from low crop yields to flooding or the spread of infectious diseases. It is important to understand the impacts of current climate variations on Bangladeshi communities, so that they can adapt to future climate change. The TRACKS Project focuses on communities in northeast Bangladesh, where there is high uncertainty about climate variation, particularly associated with the monsoon and its impacts on the community.
Scott Bremer's background is in natural resource management and environmental governance, with focus on integrated coastal management and aquaculture. This began with a short career as a coastal planner in New Zealand local government before he began working in research. His research draws on the particular lessons for environmental governance offered by the philosophy of science, science and technology studies, and the fields of practical ethics, including environmental, agricultural and food ethics. More recently his research focus changed direction to lead the NFR-funded TRACKS project, mobilising both science and local knowledge on climate and its impacts in northeast Bangladesh.
26 November 2014
INGER-LISE SAGLIE and BEATA SIROWY: Planning Ethics: three perspectives
Moral judgments and ethical choices are an integral part of planning practice - nearly every aspect of planning can be considered in terms of good and bad, or right and wrong. This is generally acknowledged in planning theory, which has long since departed from seeing planning as a value-free, technical activity. In this contribution we wish to discuss three types of approaches to planning ethics, reflecting three major, competing positions within normative ethical discourse:
- A deontologist approach, guided by understanding of one's duties and others' rights.
- A consequentialist approach, focused primarily on the effects of a given action.
- A virtue approach – least addressed and perhaps most needed today – based on the Aristotelian ideal of phronesis, practical wisdom.
All three approaches will be illustrated with examples of actual ethical dilemmas planners face in their everyday practice.
Inger-Lise Saglie is Professor of town- and country planning and Head of Department at the Department of Landscape Architecture and Spatial Planning. Her research areas are environmental concerns in urban development, planning and planning processes, democracy and participation in planning.
Beata Sirowy is a postdoctoral fellow at the Department of Landscape Architecture and Spatial Planning, where she is working as a part of a project team studying conflicts in a compact city development. She completed her doctoral studies at AHO in 2010 with a thesis on phenomenological concepts in architecture. Her educational background includes both architecture/urban design and in philosophy, and her research interests lie at the intersection of these disciplines.
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