Harvard NMBU - Examples

Here you find examples according to the NMBU-Harvard style (both in-text citation and reference list), and how to register references in EndNote.

Examples - NMBU style

Contents:

How to register references in EndNote - displayed in Word:
 - Articles in journals
 - Articles in newspapers
 - Pictures, figures and tables
 - Book section in edited book
 - Books
 - PhD thesis
 - Maps
 - Conference proceedings
 - Encyclopedia article (with identified author)
 - Encyclopedia article (without identified author)
 - Legal rule or regulation
 - Master thesis
 - Personal communication - interview, lectures, e-mail
 - Web Pages
 - NOU (Official Norwegian Reports)
 - Computer Programs
 - Reports
 - Standards
 - Statistics
 - White Papers
 - Unpublished, submitted and in press:
    - Unpublished material
    - Submitted material
    - Material in press

How to register references in EndNote and display in Word

Below you will find examples of the registration of various types of references, and how they will be displayed in Word when the English Harvard style is used.


Articles in Journals
In EndNote: Electronic journals are recorded as printed journals (reference type Journal Article) with DOI.

In-text Citation
(Azioune et al., 2004)
Reference List
Azioune, A., Ben Slimane, A., Hamou, L. A., Pleuvy, A., Chehimi, M. M., Perruchot, C. & Armes, S. P. (2004). Synthesis and characterization of active ester-functionalized polypyrrole-silica nanoparticles: application to the covalent attachment of proteins. Langmuir, 20 (8): 3350-3356. doi: 10.1021/la030407s.
Adding reference to EndNote
Reference Type: Journal Article
Author: Azioune, A.
Ben Slimane, A.
Hamou, L. A.
Pleuvy, A.
Chehimi, M. M.
Perruchot, C.
Armes, S. P.
Year: 2004
Title: Synthesis and characterization of active ester-functionalized polypyrrole-silica nanoparticles: application to the covalent attachment of proteins
Journal: Langmuir
Volume: 20
Issues: 8
Pages: 3350-3356
DOI: 10.1021/la030407s
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Articles in newspapers - electronic

In-text Citation
(Cohine, 2017)
Reference List
Cohine, O. (2017, October 16). In Norway, the Journey Is the Destination. New York Times. Available at: https://www.nytimes.com/2017/10/16/travel/norwegian-scenic-routes-norway.html (accessed: 04.07.2018)
Adding reference to EndNote
Reference Type: Newspaper Article
Reporter: Cohine, O.
Year: 2017
Title: In Norway, the Journey Is the Destination
Newspaper: New York Times
Issue Date: October 16.
URL: https://www.nytimes.com/2017/10/16/travel/norwegian-scenic-routes-norway.html
Access Date: 04.07.2018
Comments
If you use the online edition remember to put in URL and Access Date.
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Pictures, figures and tables

Images, figures and tables are usually not part of the reference list. Instead, the required information is set directly below each illustration. It is important to respect copyright, so make sure to obtain permission where needed. Both electronic or printed illustrations may be protected by copyright.
More information about Norwegian copyright (in Norwegian): https://lovdata.no/dokument/NL/lov/2018-06-15-40

PICTURE EX. 1
In-text Citation:
(see figure 1)
Text below picture:
Figure 1.  Rothman, K. J. (2012). The relation of systematic error and random error to study size. In: Rothman, K. J. Epidemiology. An introduction, s. 125. 2nd ed. New York: Oxford University Press.
PICTURE EX. 2

If you want to use a Ceative-commons licensed image, you don’t need to obtain permission for noncommercial reuse, but the license has to be named in the reference below the image. More information about creative commons: https://creativecommons.org

In-text Citation:
(see figur 2)
Text below picture:
Figure 2. Escargot, T. (2011). Books on the floor. Tilgjengelig fra: https://www.flickr.com/photos/theophileescargot/5950985345/in/photostream/. Creative Commons lisens https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/2.0/legalcode (lest 24.11.2017).

TABLE
In-text Citation:
(see table 1)
Text below table:

Table 1. Statistics Norway. (2018). Moose hunting. Available at: https://www.ssb.no/en/jord-skog-jakt-og-fiskeri/statistikker/elgjakt (accessed 15.08.2018).
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Book Section in edited book - print

In-text Citation
(Sander, 1992)
Reference List
Sanders, D. W. (1992). Soil conservation: Strategies and policies. In Tato, K. & Hurni, H. (ed.) Soil conservation for survival, pp. 17-28. Ankey, Iowa: Soil and Water Conservation Society.
Adding reference to EndNote
Reference Type: Book Section
Author: Sanders, D.W
Year: 1992
Title: Soil conservation: Strategies and policies
Editor: Tato, K.,Hurni, H.
Book Title: Soil conservation for survival
City: Ankey, Iowa
Publisher: Soil and Water Conservation Society
   
Pages: 17-28
Series Title:  
Comments
 
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Book - electronic
In EndNote: If editor(s), use the reference type Edited Book, otherwise use Book.

Sitering i teksten
(Konijnendijk, C. C., 2018)
Litteraturliste

Konijnendijk, C. C. (2018). The forest and the city: the cultural landscape of urban woodland. 2nd ed. Cham: Springer. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-75076-7.

        
Adding reference to EndNote
Reference Type: Book
Author: Konijnendijk, C. C.
Year: 2018
Title: Current Advances in Fern Research
City: Cham
Publisher: Springer
Edition: 2nd
URL: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-75076-7
Comments
Edition-field:
Do not register: ed./eds., only the edition number i.e 3rd, 4th etc.
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Book - print

If editor(s), use the reference type Edited Book, otherwise use Book.

In-text Citation
(Broom, 2014)
Reference List
Broom, D. M. (2014). Sentience and animal welfare. Wallingford: Cabi.
Adding reference to EndNote
Reference Type: Book
Author: Broom, D.M.
Year: 2014
Title: Sentience and animal welfare
City: Oslo
Publisher: Tun
Edition:  
Comments
Edition-field: Use Edition-field from 2nd ediition and after. Only register the edition number, i.e 2nd, 3rd, 4th etc..
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PhD Thesis - electronic

In-text Citation
(Tveten, 2015)
Reference List
Tveten, Å. G. (2015). Renewable energy in Northern European power markeds: effects, challenges and integration options. PhD thesis. Ås: Norwegian University of Life Sciences. Available at: http://statisk.umb.no/ina/forskning/drgrader/2015-Tveten.pdf (accessed 10.11.2017).
Adding reference to EndNote
Reference Type: Web Page
Author: Tveten, Å. G.
Year: 2015
Title: Renewable energy in Northern European power markeds: effects, challenges and integration options
Place Published: Ås
Publisher: Norwegian University of Life Sciences
Access Date: 10.11.2017
Type of Medium: Ph.D. thesis
URL: http://statisk.umb.no/ina/forskning/drgrader/2015-Tveten.pdf
Comments
Use the reference type Web Page for online edition, and Thesis for print edition. Write PhD thesis in Thesis Type for print edition.
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Map - electronic

In-text Citation
(Fylkesatlas Sogn og Fjordane, 2010)
Reference List
Fylkesatlas Sogn og Fjordane. (2010). Leikanger: Fylkesmannen i Sogn og Fjordane & Sogn og Fjordane fylkeskommune. Available at: https://www.fylkesatlas.no/  (accessed 14.01.2018).
Adding reference to EndNote
Reference Type: Web Page
Author:  
Year: 2010
Title: Fylkesatlas Sogn og Fjordane
Place Published: Leikanger
Publisher: Fylkesmannen i Sogn og Fjordane & Sogn og Fjordane fylkeskommune
Access Date: 14.01.2018
URL: https://www.fylkesatlas.no/
Comments
If there is no author (empty Author-field), the in-text citation and reference will begin with the title.
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Map - print

In-text citation
(Kystkart Svalbard, 1988)
Reference List
Kystkart Svalbard. (1988). Sørkapp: Temakart nr. 10. Oslo: Norsk polarinstitutt.
Adding reference to EndNote
Reference Type: Map
Cartographer: Kystkart Svalbard,
Year: 1988
Title: Sørkapp: Temakart nr. 10
Place Published: Oslo
Publisher: Norsk polarinstitutt
Comments
Map with several thematic maps.
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Conference proceeedings - print
In EndNote: Use the reference type Book eller Edited Book for published proceedings. The reference type Conference Proceedings is only used for unpublished proceedings.

In-text Citation
(Hanxi, 1990)
Reference List
Hanxi, Y. (red.). (1990). Proceedings of the International Symposium on Grassland Vegetation, Hohhot, The People's Republic of China, August 15-20, 1987. Beijing: Science Press.
Adding reference to EndNote
Reference Type: Edited Book
Editor: Hanxi, Yang
Year: 1990
Title: Proceedings of the International Symposium on Grassland Vegetation, Hohhot, The People's Republic of China, August 15-20, 1987
City: Beijing
Publisher: Science Press
Comments

Register the  name, place and date of the conference as title.  This is an example of a published conferance with an editor, so using the reference type Edited Book is correct in this case.

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Unpublished conference - use the reference type Conference Proceedings:

In-text Citation
(Hanxi, 1987)
Reference List
Hanxi, Y. (1987, August 15-20). Proceedings of the International Symposium on Grassland Vegetation, Hohhot, The People's Republic of China.
Adding reference to EndNote
Reference Type: Conference Proceedings
Author: Hanxi, Yang
Year of Conference: 1987
Title: Proceedings of the International Symposium on Grassland Vegetation
Conference Name:  
Conference Location: Hohhot, The People's Republic of China
Date: August 15-20
Comments
If the conference doesn't have its own title, register the conference name in the Title field. Otherwise, register the name in the  Conference Name field.
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Contribution to conference - print
In EndNote: Use reference type Book Section for published contributions. Only use reference type Conference Paper if the contribution is unpublished.

In-text Citation
(Crush, 1990)
Reference List
Crush, J. R. (1990). Nitrogen fixation in grassland development. In: Hanxi, Y. (ed.) Proceedings of the International Symposium on Grassland Vegetation, Hohhot, The People's Republic of China, August 15-20, 1987, p. 475-479. Beijing: Science Press.
Adding reference to EndNote
Reference Type: Book Section
Author: Crush, J. R.
Year: 1990
Title: Nitrogen fixation in grassland development
Editor: Hanxi, Yang
Book Title: Proceedings of the International Symposium on Grassland Vegetation, Hohhot, The People's Republic of China, August 15-20, 1987
City: Beijing
Publisher: Science Press
Pages: 475-479
Comments
If the contribution has its own titel, start with this title in the Book Title field. Registrate the conference title, place and date afterwards.
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The reference type Conference Paper is only used for unpublished contributions:

In-text Citation
(Crush, 1987)
Reference List
Crush, J. R. (1987, August 15-20). Nitrogen fixation in grassland development. Proceedings of the International Symposium on Grassland Vegetation, Hohhot, The People's Republic of China.
Adding reference to EndNote
Reference Type: Conference Paper
Author: Crush, J. R.
Year: 1987
Title: Nitrogen fixation in grassland development
Conference Name: Proceedings of the International Symposium on Grassland Vegetation
Conference Location: Hohhot, The People's Republic of China
Date: August 15-20
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Encyclopedia article (with identified author) - electronic

In-text Citation
(Stains & Lariviere, 2018)
Reference List
Stains, H. J. & Lariviere, S. (2018). Bear. In Encyclopædia Britannica. Available at: https://www.britannica.com/animal/bear (accessed: 04.07.2018).
Adding reference to EndNote
Reference Type: Electronic Book Section
Author:

Stains, H.J. & Lariviere, S.

Year: 2018
Title: Bear
Book Title: Encyclopædia Britannica
URL: https://www.britannica.com/animal/bear
Access Date: 04.07.2018
Comments
Use the reference type Electronic Book Section for online edition, and Book Section for print edition.
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Encyclopedia article (without identified author) - electronic

In-text Citation
(Britannica academic, s.a.)
Reference List
Britannica academic. (s.a.). Polar bear. In Britannica academic. Available at: https://academic.eb.com/levels/collegiate/article/polar-bear/60587 (accessed: 04.07.2018).

Adding reference to EndNote
Reference Type: Electronic Book Section
Author: Britannica academic
Year: s.a.
Title: Polar Bear
Book Title: Britannica academic
URL: https://academic.eb.com/levels/collegiate/article/polar-bear/60587
Access Date: 04.07.2018
Comments
Use the reference type Electronic Book Section for online edition, and Book Section for print edition. Use s.a if year is unknown.
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Legal rule or regulation - electronic

In-text Citation
(Straffeloven, 1902)
Reference List
Straffeloven. (1902). Almindelig borgerlig Straffelov av 22. mai 1902 nr. 10. Available at: https://lovdata.no/dokument/NLO/lov/1902-05-22-10 (accessed 08.01.2018).
Adding reference to EndNote
Reference Type: Web Page
Author: Straffeloven,
Year: 1902 
Title: Almindelig borgerlig Straffelov av 22. mai 1902 nr. 10
Access Date: 08.01.2018
URL: https://lovdata.no/dokument/NLO/lov/1902-05-22-10
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Master thesis - electronic

In-text Citation
(Engh, 2016)
Reference List
Engh, A. M. M. (2016). Monitoring of Building Attached Photovoltaics in Norway. Master thesis. Ås: Norwegian University of Life Sciences. Available at: http://hdl.handle.net/11250/2449847 (accessed: 03.07.2018)
Adding reference to EndNote
Reference Type: Web Page
Author: Engh, A.M.M.
Year: 2016
Title: Monitoring of Building Attached Photovolaics in Norway
Place Published: Ås
Publisher: Norwegian University of Life Sciences
Access Date: 03.07.2018
Type of Medium: Master thesis
URL:  
Comments
Use the reference type Web Page for online edition, and Thesis for print edition. Write Master thesis in Thesis Type for print edition.
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Personal communication - interview, lecture, e-mail
Opinions vary regarding whether this type of communication should be addet to the reference list at all, or only be provided as in-text citation. Here you find examples for interview, lecture and e-mail.

Interview

In-text Citation
(Nordmann, 2018)
Reference List
Nordmann, K. (2018). Interview with professor Kari Nordmann from NMBU. Ås (29.01.2018).
Adding reference to EndNote
Reference Type: Personal Communication
Author: Nordmann, K.
Year: 2018
Title: Interview with professor Kari Nordmann from NMBU
City: Ås
Date: 29.01.2018
Comments
Register the name of the person you interviewed in the Author-field. Interviews by phone: Write Interview by phone and skip place.
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Lecture

In-text Citation
(Olsen, 2006)
Reference List
Olsen, K. (2006). The history of farming. Ås: Norwegian University of Life Sciences (lecture 12.03.2006).
Adding reference to EndNote
Reference Type: Personal Communication
Author: Olsen, Kari
Year: 2006
Title: The history of farming
City: Ås
Publisher: Norwegian University of Life Sciences
Date: 12.03.2006
Type: lecture
Comments
Register name of the lecturer in the Author-field, and name of the institution in the Publisher-field.
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E-mail

In-text Citation
(Nordmann, 2018)
Reference List
Nordmann, O. (2018). Girls and farming (e-mail to Kari Olsen 10.01.2018). 
Adding reference to EndNote
Reference Type: Personal Communication
Author: Nordmann, Ola
Year: 2018
Title: Girls and farming
Date: 10.01.2018
Type: e-mail to Kari Olsen
Comments
Register titel of the e-mail in the titel-field.
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Web Page

In-text Citation
(Auestad, 2018)
Reference List

Auestad, G. E. (2018). Kelp breeding – Norway`s next salmon adventure? Available at: https://www.nmbu.no/en/news/node/34858 (accessed: 04.07.2018)

Adding reference to EndNote
Reference Type: Web Page
Author: Auestad, G. E.
Year: 2018
Title: Kelp breeding - Norways next salmon adventure?
Access Date: 04.07.2018
URL: https://www.nmbu.no/en/news/node/34858
Comment

Place and publisher are not required for online documents, the URL is sufficient.

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Web Page

In-text Citation
(WWF, s.a.)
Reference List
WWF. (s.a.). Snow leopard. Available at: https://www.worldwildlife.org/species/snow-leopard (accessed: 04.07.2018).
Adding reference to EndNote
Reference Type: Web Page
Author: WWF,
Year: s.a.
Title: Snow leopard
Access Date: 04.07.2018
URL: https://www.worldwildlife.org/species/snow-leopard
Comment
Registrate institution/organisastion in the Author-field if author is unknown. Use s.a. if year is unknown.
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NOU (Official Norwegian reports) - electronic

In-text Citation
(NOU 2016: 14)
Reference List
NOU 2016: 14. Mer å hente: bedre læring for elever med stort læringspotensial. Available at: https://www.regjeringen.no/no/dokumenter/nou-2016-14/id2511246/ (accessed 26.01.2018).
Adding reference to EndNote
Reference Type: Web Page
Author: NOU 2016: 14,
Year:  
Title: Mer å hente: bedre læring for elever med stort læringspotensial
Access Date: 26.01.2018
URL: https://www.regjeringen.no/no/dokumenter/nou-2016-14/id2511246/
Comments

Use reference type Web Page for electronic document, and Government Document for print version. For official publications it is common to provide the series name as author, and abbreviation can be used for well-known series.
Remember comma after series name in the Author-field.

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Computer Program

In-text Citation
(Sonic Foundry Inc., 2016)
Reference List

Sonic Foundry Inc. (2016). Mediasite desktop recorder (Versjon 2.3.144). Computer Program. Available at: http://www.sonicfoundry.com/mediasite/capture/mymediasite/ (accessed 09.02.2018).

Adding reference to EndNote
Reference Type: Computer Program
Programmer: Sonic Foundry Inc.,
Year: 2016
Title: Mediasite desktop recorder
Version: 2.3.144
Type: Programvare
URL: http://www.sonicfoundry.com/mediasite/capture/mymediasite/
Access Date: 09.02.2018
Comments
It is common to provide an own list for computer programs in addition to the reference list. Register to reference list only if the program contains information you used in your work.
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Report - electronic

In-text citation
(Søgaard et al., 2012)
Reference List

Ndaruhutse, S. & Thompson, S. (2016). Literature review: higher education and development. Norad report 7/2016. Available at: https://www.norad.no/contentassets/802c806add304d8a862cff9590a2cf7f/literature-review-higher-education-and-development-full-version.pdf (accessed: 03.07.2018).

Adding reference to EndNote
Reference Type: Web Page
Author:

Ndaruhutse, S
Thompson, S.

Year: 2016
Title:

Literature review: higher education and development

Series Title: Norad report 7/2016
Access Date: 03.07.2018
URL: https://www.norad.no/contentassets/802c806add304d8a862cff9590a2cf7f/literature-review-higher-education-and-development-full-version.pdf
Comment
Use reference type Web Page for electronic report, and Report for print version. Register series titel and number in the Series Title-field.
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Standard - electronic

In-text Citation
(European Standards, 1978)
Reference list
European Standards. (1978). ISO 4501 Hardmetals - Determination of titanium - Photometric peroxide method. Available at: https://www.en-standard.eu/iso-4501-hardmetals-determination-of-titanium-photometric-peroxide-method/ (accessed 04.07.2018).
Adding reference to EndNote
Reference Type: Web Page
Author: European Standards,
Year: 1978
Title:

ISO 4501 Hardmetals - Determination of titanium - Photometric peroxide method

Access Date: 04.07.2018
URL: https://www.en-standard.eu/iso-4501-hardmetals-determination-of-titanium-photometric-peroxide-method/
Comments
For print version use reference type Book, and fill in the fields Place Published and Publisher.
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Statistics - electronic

In-text Citation
(Statistics Norway, 2017)
Reference list
Statistics Norway. (2017). Emissions from Norwegian economic activity, 14. december 2017. Available at: https://www.ssb.no/en/natur-og-miljo/statistikker/nrmiljo (accessed 04.07.2018).
Adding reference to EndNote
Reference Type: Web Page
Author: Statistics Norway,
Year: 2017
Title:

Emissions from Norwegian economic activity, 14. december 2017.

Access Date: 27.11.2017
URL: https://www.ssb.no/en/natur-og-miljo/statistikker/nrmiljo
Comments
For print version use reference type Book, and fill in the fields Place Published and Publisher.
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White Paper before 2009 - print

In-text Citation
(St.meld. nr. 27 (2000-2001))
Reference List
St.meld. nr. 27 (2000-2001). Gjør din plikt - krev din rett: kvalitetsreform av høyere utdanning. Oslo: Kirke-, utdannings- og forskningsdepartementet.
Adding reference to EndNote
Reference Type: Government Document
Author: St.meld. nr. 27 (2000-2001),
Year:  
Title: Gjør din plikt - krev din rett: kvalitetsreform av høyere utdanning
City: Oslo
Publisher: Kirke-, utdannings- og forskningsdepartementet
Comments

Use reference type Web Page for electronic White Paper, and Government Document for print version. For official publications it is common to provide the series name as author, and abbreviation can be used for well-known series.
Remember comma after series name in the Author-field.

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White Paper after 2009 - electronic

In-text Citation
(Meld. St. 41 (2016-2017))
Reference List
Meld. St. 41 (2016-2017). Klimastrategi for 2030 – norsk omstilling i europeisk samarbeid. Oslo: Klima- og miljødepartementet. Available at: https://www.regjeringen.no/no/dokumenter/meld.-st.-41-20162017/id2557401/ (accessed 12.01.2018).
Adding reference to EndNote
Reference Type: Web Page
Author: Meld. St. 41 (2016-2017),
Year:  
Title: Klimastrategi for 2030 – norsk omstilling i europeisk samarbeid
Place Published: Oslo
Publisher: Klima- og miljødepartementet
Access Date: 12.01.2018
URL: https://www.regjeringen.no/no/dokumenter/meld.-st.-41-20162017/id2557401/
Comments
Use reference type Web Page for electronic White Paper, and Government Document for print version. For official publications it is common to provide the series name as author, and abbreviation can be used for well-known series. Remember comma after series name in the Author-field. Name change for White papers after 2009.
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Unpublished material

In-text Citation
(Snedeker et al., 2001)
Reference List
Snedeker, J., Brent, M. & Gleitman, L. (2001). The changing character of the mental lexicon: an information-based account of early word learning. Unpulished work.
Adding reference to EndNote
Reference Type: Unpublished work
Author: Snedeker, J.
Brent, M.
Gleitman, L.
Year: 2001
Title: The changing character of the mental lexicon: an information-based account of early word learning
Comments
Use of reference type Unpublished work automatically generates the information Unpublished work at the end of the reference.
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Submitted material

In-text Citation
(Thothathiri & Snederk, submitted)
Reference Type
Thothathiri, M. & Snederk, J. (submitted). Give and take: syntactic priming during spoken language comprehension.
Adding reference to EndNote
Reference Type: Book
Author: Thothathiri, M.
Snederk, J.
Year: submitted
Title: Give and take: syntactic priming during spoken language comprehension
Comments
Write submitted into the Year-field. Use of the reference type Book generates titel in italics in Word.
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Material in press

In-text Citation
(Snedeker og Yuan, in press)
Reference List
Snedeker, J. & Yuan, S. (in press). Effects of prosodic and lexical constraints on parsing in young children (and adults). Journal of Memory and Language.
Adding reference to EndNote
Reference Type: Journal Article
Author: Snedeker, J.
Yuan, S.
Year: in press
Title: Effects of prosodic and lexical constraints on parsing in young children (and adults)
Journal: Journal of Memory and Language
Comments
Write in press into the Year-field.
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Published 4. July 2018 - 14:24 - Updated 10. February 2020 - 10:37