Publication in Brage is regulated by the Norwegian Act relating to copyright in literary, scientific and artistic works, etc. (The Copyright Act), and entails no limitation on the author’s exclusive right to dispose of a literary, scientific or artistic work by producing permanent or temporary copies thereof and by making it available to the public. Publication in Brage therefore requires the author's consent.
Copyright is the author’s right to his/her work and the right to decide how the work is used. The author has both financial and moral rights. The financial rights entitle the author to decide over the work, while the moral rights include the right to be named as the author and protection against reproduction of the work in a manner or in a context prejudicial to the author.
As regards the content of Brage, this means that the author retains copyright to the publication, but permits users to copy and quote from the work as well as to communicate it to others. It is a condition that the author(s) and the publisher are named. Commercial use of the work is not permitted except by written agreement with the author. In this context, commercial use is understood to mean cases in which a third party wishes to exploit the material commercially. Nor may the work be altered in any way.
These conditions are described in more detail at Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
About copyright in connection with filing of own articles in Brage
The filing of one’s own articles means that you, as the author of a scientific article, can publish a copy of the article in the university’s open institutional archive, Brage. Since Brage is an open archive on the internet, this will also make it easier to share your research results with colleagues. Research also shows that articles that are openly available on the internet are more visible and are quoted from more often (i.e. have greater impact) than articles that are only available via subscription services.
For articles published by a publishing company, the company's consent must be obtained before parallel publication in Brage. Most publishers usually require the authors of scientific articles to transfer the rights to the article to them. In other words, the author may lose his/her financial rights to his/her own work and have to request permission to distribute or reproduce the article etc.
As a result of the increasing focus on free access to institutions’ own research, most publishing companies now permit parallel publication in institutional archives, where the author him/herself files his/her article. However, the conditions vary between publishing companies. You should therefore check ’your’ publishing company’s conditions in the Sherpa/Romeo list.
• See also How to publish articles.
Monographs - the author has full copyright under the Copyright Act and is free to grant permission for publication of the thesis in Brage.
Article-based – comprises a number of articles and a summary section. The author has full copyright to the latter and is free to permit it to be published in Brage. For the articles, the same limitations apply as for filing of own articles (see above). Permission must be obtained from publishing companies (and co-authors, if relevant) before articles can be published in Brage.
It is our impression that publishing companies are generally more accommodating in the conditions they stipulate when an article is part of a thesis than in the case of isolated articles.
• See also How to publish doctoral theses.
The university has decided that all Master’s theses must be submitted via Brage. Once the thesis has been published in Brage, it is securely saved and will be available to yourself and others in future via a permanent internet address. This makes it easy for you to include links to your thesis in applications and references. Brage is also open for registration and publication of previously approved theses. Contact the Brage group at the University Library for help with this.
• See also Information for Master’s students.