Course code VET334

VET334 Introduction to Diagnostic Work and Veterinary Public Health

There may be changes to the course due to to corona restrictions. See Canvas and StudentWeb for info.

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Showing course contents for the educational year 2021 - 2022 .

Course responsible: Karianne Muri
Teachers: Hege Kippenes Skogmo, Kathrine Rudlang, Erik Georg Granquist, Andreas Lervik, Kathe Elise Kittelsen, Olav Reksen, Ellen Margrete Skancke, Hege Cathrine Mittet Brun-Hansen, Sindre Thørn Nelson, Stein Istre Thoresen, Randi Margit Gerda Oppermann Moe, Terje Fjeldaas, Snorre Stuen, Snorre Stuen, Henning Andreas Haga, Eystein Skjerve
ECTS credits: 8.5
Faculty: Faculty of Veterinary Medicine
Teaching language: NO
(NO=norsk, EN=Engelsk)
Teaching exam periods:
This course starts in Spring semester. This course has teaching/evaluation in Spring semester
Course frequency: Annualy
First time: 2018H
Last time: 2023V
Preferential right:

VET

TIL2

Course contents:

6 weeks course in the 6.semester. 

Modules;

Propaedeutic course

Diagnostic methods

Poultry medicine

Veterinay Public Health

Obstretric

Sheep diseases and herd medicine

Learning outcome:

In part 1 of Introduction to diagnostic work and veterinary public health, the students will be presented for many of subjects where vets have an important role. This is an introduction subject to clinic, diagnostic and veterinary medicine. The students will learn diagnostics and get their first insight in what clinical activities are, and see this with the animals environment and the vets community role. One health, one world and the vets role history, Food safety Authority and regulations, as well as a dive into the academic conflicts that vets have to live with in the crossroads between bioproduction, animal health and welfare. Even if this is a closing subject, it is expected that students bring their knowledge to the rest of the study, and use this in clinics and on later exams. 

After the courses the students should:

Module: Propedeutisk course:

  • Hoof/cloven hoof trimming: The student should know how to trim and shoe a hoof and the most important hoof diseases on horse and production animals. The students will get to try trimming on a cadaver cow foot and an alive cow.
  • Clinical examination. It is expected that the student, after this course, can carry out a basic clinical examination of horse, production animal and a small animal.

This includes:

-To know how to approach a patient and an owner in a professional manner.

-To know how to do a case history.

-To know how to do a clinical examination.

-To know how to discuss a problem based investigation of the patient and the differential diagnosis.

  • Handling of animals and health and safety routines: The student should know the main principles in safe handling of large animals and safety routines, correct handling during clinical examination and sampling.
  • Obstetrics: The student should know the main principles of obstetrics on cats, dogs, sheep and cows, and take a milk sample of a cow.
  • Aseptics, antiseptics, sutures: The student should understand how you obtain aseptics and antiseptic routines when preparing for surgery, and the most common sutures.
  • Reproduction all animals: The student should know the reproduction physiology of male and female dogs, sheep, goats, cows, pigs and horses. The students get to practice on real organs on a cow, and testicular examination and semen sampling on a male dog or sheep.
  • Anesthesia: The student should know the basic principles for an how to practically do:
    • endotracheal intubation
    • use of larynx mask
    • pressure relief valve
    • blood vessel catetherisation
    • Seldinger technique for catetherisation

Module: Diagnostic methods:

Clinical pathology

After completing the course, the students should know the principles for how reference intervals establishes, know the preanalytical and analytical errors and principles for interpretation of laboratory results.

Diagnostic imaging: 

After completing the course, the students should know basic X-ray- and ultrasound physics, know the principles of other diagnostic modalities, get incipient relationship to assessment of X-ray images and know about ultrasound-artifacts, and know the basics of endoscopic methods.

Anaesthesia:

The teaching consists of lectures that give an overview of general and local anaesthesia, pain physiology and pain management. This provides a basis for the 7th semester, when teaching about these topics continue. After the 6th semester, the students should have an understanding of the basic principles of anaesthesia and pain management.

Module: Poultry medicine:

Poultry medicine:

  • Know about the most important infectious and non-infectious diseases in poultry. 
  • Know the industry's structure.
  • Be able to carry out a practical poultry autopsy

Module: Veterinay Public Health:

  • Have a basic understanding of the veterinary profession role and our responsible in the society.
  • Be able to understand  the relationships between Veterinary medicine and other subjects in the veterinary study as well as other subjects- and professions.
  • Have knowledge to key parts of the veterinarans' professional history. 
  • Understand our role in the society and be able to reflect about this in themes as food safety, environmental protection, infection control, terrestrial and marine bioproduction and sports and family animals.
  • Be able to put the veterinary profession in a "One Health" context.
  • Know about the basic elements of the legislation that defines veterinary activities, including the Food Act and central regulations in the so-called hygiene package.
  • Know about the Food Safety Authority and it's organizing.
  • Know about central elements when it comes to animal welfare in slaughterhouses and the meat controllers role inside the veterinary medicine. 
  • Be able to reflect on the relationship between management systems in livestock and animal welfare, animal diseases and food safety. 
  • Understand key elements in the infection epidemiology and use this insight in the evaluation of specific disease control situations. 

Module: Obstetrics:

  • Know the basic principles in birth and obstetrics for large animals.

Module: Small ruminant medicine, flock and herd health: This module will provide knowledge in: clinical examination, interpretation of clinical findings, post-mortem findings and clinical pathology. There will also be a theoretical introduction to diseases of small ruminants. Assessment of the live sheep involves learning on: • Clinical examination of small ruminants • Blood sampling and restraint of sheep • Location of intramuscular, intravenous and intraperitoneal injections, including aseptic / sterile injection techniques • Body condition scoring of sheep • Assessment of claw health • Reproductive examination • Handling and treatment of sick lambs • Lambing assistance and routines • Welfare indicators: assessing sheep behaviour and key indicators of good health and disease Assessment of dead sheep involves teaching of: • Post-mortem technique and assessment of major organs • Distinction between normal anatomy and variation, and pathological changes • Interpretation of post-mortem findings • Morphological and aetiological diagnoses based on pathological findings Introduction and knowledge of current diagnostic methods (following clinical examination and post-mortem), sampling methods and interpretation of results: • Preparation of blood smears • Preparation, examination and interpretation of faecal worm egg counts • Post-mortem sampling: Seed on blood vessel and sampling of parasitological samples • Maintenance of accurate and good quality records (live and dead animals) • Advice to the producer.

Learning activities:
The teaching takes place as lectures, but also some practical lessons in preparatory course, obstetric and within sheep medicine and demonstrations/Case-review of several of the modules. The teaching in veterinary medicine is kept in so-called "inverted classroom". This means that the students get access in form of recorded videos or presentations with recorded text. The gathering time is normally used for clarifying questions, discussions and dialogue oriented activity. This emphasizes that the subject is a reflection subject more than it is a knowledge subject. 
Teaching support:
The block leader, the module leaders and the teachers will be available to the students during normal work hours during the course weeks. 
Syllabus:
Lists with recommended litterature can be found on Canvas
Prerequisites:
VET301+VET302+VET303+VET304+VET306
Recommended prerequisites:
The previous courses in the study programme.
Mandatory activity:

Only documented abscense is allowed. See each module for specifications. Documented abscense is defined as abscence where the student has been sick and has a note from the doctor or if the student is required to be present due to a mandate in official capacity by the Veterinary College, NMBU which is approved by the studydepartment. 

Module: Propedeutic course:

Everything is mandatory. 

These are lessons that cannot be replaced by self-study, and prepares students for the clinical periods. It is accepted with up to two-times valid absences before substitute teaching must be taken. 

Absence over 2 days from the propaedeutic course will be replaced with ambulatory clinic equivalent with the number of days as the absence, taking place in the summer holiday between 6th and 7th semester or a suitable programme in the training clinic. Lessons taught during the propedeutic course can be included in the OSCE exam after the 9th semester. If necessary, substitute teaching is not taken SFA shall be notified so that it will not be given credits in the subject. 

Module: Veterinary community medicine:

Excursions, gatherings and discussions are mandatory because of the way of teaching (dialogue, interaction, reflection). All the lectures will be found on Canvas. Absence will be noted, and maximum 1 day documented abscense is accepted to be able to take the multiple choice exam. 

Module: Obstetrics:

All teaching is mandatory. Topic differ from day to day. If the student it absent, the specific topics must be retaken the following year.

Module: Sheep/goat diseases and herd medicine:

All teaching is mandatory. Topic differ from day to day. If the student it absent, the specific topics must be retaken the following year.

Summerpractice and reports.

Assessment:

Module: Diagnostical methods:

Oral assessment of group assignment. Attendance and active participation. 

Module: Poultry medicine:

Multiple choice test on Canvas Pass / not pass.

Module: Veterinay community medicine:

Multiple choice test on Canvas Pass / not pass.

Nominal workload:
405 hours. 
Entrance requirements:
Admitted to the Veterinary Medicine Program and completed minimum 100,5 ECTS the first and second year at the program
Type of course:
The block contains 6 weeks of teaching. 
Note:

Requirements for personal equipment

Look on Canvas

HMS

Look on Canvas

Examiner:

The multiple choice tests will be corrected automatically by Canvas

When the student passes all individual modules the total block will be approved. 

Examination details: Langsgående vurdering: Passed / Failed