Course code VET334

VET334 Introduction to Diagnostic Work and Veterinary Public Health

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Showing course contents for the educational year 2018 - 2019 .

Course responsible: Kristine Eraker Aasland Hansen
Teachers: Wenche Kristin Farstad, Kathrine Rudlang, Adam Dunstan Martin, Anette Kristine Krogenæs, Stein Istre Thoresen, Randi Margit Gerda Oppermann Moe, Terje Fjeldaas, Snorre Stuen, Carl Fredrik Ihler, Anna Vigdis Eggertsdottir, Eystein Skjerve
ECTS credits: 8.5
Faculty: Faculty of Veterinary Medicine
Teaching language: NO
(NO=norsk, EN=Engelsk)
Teaching exam periods:
This course starts in Spring semester. This course has teaching/evaluation in Spring semester
Course frequency: Annualy
First time: Study year 2018-2019
Preferential right:

VET

TIL2

Course contents:

6 weeks cours in the 6.semester. 

Modules and study points:

Module: Propaedeutic course: 1 ECTS

Module: Diagnostic methods: 1,5 ECTS

Module: Clinical diagnosis and poultry medicine: 0,5 ECTS

Module: Veterinay community medicine: 2,5 ECTS

Module: Obstretric: 1,5 ECTS

Lamming shift (voluntary, but is required to join the cesarean in 8th semester. 

Module: Sheep diseases  and herd medicine: 1,5 ECTS

Learning outcome:

In part 1 of Introduction to diagnostic work and veterinary public health, the students will be presented for many of subjects where vets have an important role. This is an introduction subject to clinic, diagnostic and veterinary medicine. The students will learn diagnostics and get their first insight in what clinical activities are, and see this with the animals environment and the vets community role. One health, one world and the vets role history, Food safety Authority and regulations, as well as a dive into the academic conflicts that vets have to live with in the crossroads between bioproduction, animal health and welfare. Even if this is a closing subject, it is expected that students bring their knowledge to the rest of the study, and use this in clinics and on later exams. 

After the courses the students should:

Module: Propedeutisk course:

  • Hoof/cloven hoof trimming: The student should know how to trim and shoe a hoof and the most important hoof diseases on horse and production animals. The students will get to try trimming on a cadaver cow foot and an alive cow.
  • Clinical examination. It is expected that the student, after this course, can carry out a basic clinical examination of horse, production animal and a small animal.

This includes:

  •  
    • To know how to approach a patient and an owner in a professional manner.
    • To know how to do a case history.
    • To know how to do a clinical examination.
    • To know how to discuss a problem based investigation of the patient and the differential diagnosis.
  • Handling of animals and health and safety routines: The student should know the main principles in safe handling of large animals and safety routines. The student should know correct handling during clinical examination and sampling, to avoid injury to the animal and the personnel.
  • Obstetricks: The student should know the main prinicples of obstetricks on cats, dogs, sheep and cow and take a milk sample of a cow.
  • Asepticks, antisepticks, sutures: The student should understand how you obtain asepticks and antiseptick routines when preparing for surgery. The students should know the most common sutures and will get to train suturing on a model.
  • Reproduction all animals: The student should know the reproductionfysiology of male and female animals of: Dogs, sheep, goats, cows, pigs and horses. The students get to practice on real organs on a cow, and testicular examination and semen sampling on a male dog or sheep. The teaching is comparative so that the students gain a clinical understanding of the variation between and similarities in the reproductionfysiology in the relevant species.
  • Anesthesia: The student should know the basic principles for an how to practically do:
    • endotrakeal intubation
    • use of larynx mask
    • pressure relief valve
    • blood vessel katetherization
    • Seldinger technique for katetherization

Module: Diagnostic methods:

Clinical pathologi:

After completing the course, the students should know the principles for how reference intervals establishes, know the preanalytical and analytical errors and principles for interpretation of laboratory results.

Diagnostic imaging: 

After completing the course, the students should know basal X-ray- and ultrasound physics, know to the principles and some identication for other diagnostic modalities, get incipient relationship to assessment of X-ray images and know about ultrasound-artifacts that are being used in the diagnostics. 

Endoscopic methods:

An introduction to the use of endoscopical methods in diagnostics and treatment.

Module: Poultry medicine:

Poultry medicine:

  • Know about the most important infectious and non-infectious diseases in poultry. 
  • Know the industry's structure.
  • Be abke to carry out a practical poultry autopsy

Module: Veterinay community medicine:

  • Have a basic understanding of the vets profession role and our responsible in the society.
  • Be able to connect the relation between Veterinary medicine and other subjects in the veterinary study as well as other subjects- and professions.
  • Have knowledge to sentral parts of the veterinary profession history. 
  • Understand our role in the society and be able to reflect about this in themes as food safety, environmental protection, infection control, terrestrial and marine bioproduction and sports and failyanimal.
  • Be able to put the veterinary profession in a "One Health" context.
  • Know about the basic elements of the legislation that defines veterinary activities, including the Food Act and central regulations in the so-called hygiene package.
  • Know about the Food Safety Authority and it's organizing.
  • Know about sentral elements when it comes to animal welfare in slaughterhouses and the meat controllers role inside the veterinary medicine. 
  • Be able to reflect about the relation between modes of operation in livestock and animal welfare, animal diseases and food safety. 
  • Understand sentral elements in the infection epidemiology and use this insight in the evaluation of specific disease control situations. 

Module: Obstetrics:

  • Know about basic principles in birth and obstetrics. 
  • Know about the prinsiples for examination and sampling of the udder in cattles.
  • Know about the principles fo obstetrics in cattle and sheep.

Module: Sheep/goat diseases and herd medicine:

  • Knowledge about relevant sheep/goat diseases.
  • Knowledge about and be able to do: Clinical examination, do diagnostics based on the examinaion findings and autopsy findings.
  • Condition assessment on sheep.
  • Handling and treatment of week lambs.
  • Botle feeding of lambs.
  • Knowledge about further diagnostics after the clinical examination and autopsy, sample methods and assessing the results.
  • Be able to perform an autopsy on sheep/goats and make morphological and causal diagnostics based on pathological findings.
  • Animal welfare indicators: How to assess the sheeps behavior and key indicators for good and bad health. 
  • Blood sampling and fixation of sheep.
  • Assessing hoof health.
  • How to make blood smear.
  • Location of intramuscular, intravenous and intreperitoneal injection including aseptical/sterile injection methods.
  • Examiation of an animal for breeding.
  • Know how to do and assess an egg counting test (stongoloide, cocsidia and liver parasites) from a fecal sample and how to advice the producer. 
  • Interpretation of the results from the bacteriological study.
  • Correct making of the journal (live and dead animals.
Learning activities:
The teaching takes place as lectures, but also some practical lessons in preparatory course, obstetric and within sheep medicine and demonstrations/Case-review of several of the modules. The teaching in veterinary medicine is kept in so-called "inverted classroom". This means that the students get access in form of recorded videos or presentations with recorded text. The gathering time is normally used for clarifying questions, discussions and dialogue oriented activity. This emphasizes that the subject is a reflection subject more than it is a knowledge subject. 
Teaching support:
The block leader, the module leaders and the teachers will be available to the students during normal work hours during the course weeks. 
Syllabus:
Lists with recommended litterature can be found on Canvas
Prerequisites:
VET301+VET302+VET303+VET304+VET306
Recommended prerequisites:
The previous courses in the study programme.
Mandatory activity:

Only documented abscense is allowed. See each module for specifications. Documented abscense is defined as abscence where the student has been sick and has a note from the doctor or if the student is required to be present due to a mandate in official capacity by the Veterinary College, NMBU which is approved by the studydepartment. 

Module: Propedeutic course:

Everything is mandatory. 

These are lessons that cannot be replaced by self-study, and prepares students for the clinical periods. It is accepted with up to two-times valid absences before substitute teaching must be taken. 

Absence over 2 days from the propaedeutic course will be replaced with ambulatory clinic equivalent with the number of days as the absence, taking place in the summer holiday between 6th and 7th semester or a suitable programme in the training clinic. Lessons taught during the propedeutic course can be included in the OSCE exam after the 9th semester. If necessary, substitute teaching is not taken SFA shall be notified so that it will not be given credits in the subject. 

Module: Veterinary community medicine:

Excursions, gatherings and discussions are mandatory because of the way of teaching (dialogue, interaction, reflection). All the lectures will be found on Canvas. Absence will be noted, and maximum 1 day documented abscense is accepted to be able to take the multiple choice exam. 

Module: Obstetrics:

All teaching is mandatory. Topic differ from day to day. If the student it absent, the specific topics must be retaken the following year.

Module: Sheep/goat diseases and herd medicine:

All teaching is mandatory. Topic differ from day to day. If the student it absent, the specific topics must be retaken the following year.

Summerpractice and reports.

Assessment:

Module: Diagnostical methods:

Oral assessment of group assignment. Attendance and active participation. 

Module: Clinical diagnostics and poultry medicine:

Multiple choice test on Canvas Pass / not pass.

Module: Veterinay community medicine:

Multiple choice test on Canvas Pass / not pass.

Nominal workload:
405 hours. 
Entrance requirements:
Admitted to the Veterinary Medicine Program and completed minimum 100,5 ECTS the first and second year at the program
Type of course:
The block contains 6 weeks of teaching. 
Note:

Requirements for personal equipment

Look on Canvas

HMS

Look on Canvas

Examiner:

The multiple choice tests will be corrected automatically by Canvas

When the student passes all individual modules the total block will be approved. 

Examination details: Langsgående vurdering: Bestått / Ikke bestått