Course code VET308

VET308 Veterinary Pharmacology and Toxicology

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Showing course contents for the educational year 2018 - 2019 .

Course responsible: Nils Eivind Søli
Teachers: Marit Bangen, Jan Ludvig Lyche, Tor Einar Horsberg, Janicke Nordgreen
ECTS credits: 15
Faculty: Faculty of Veterinary Medicine
Teaching language: NO
(NO=norsk, EN=Engelsk)
Teaching exam periods:
This course starts in Fall semester. This course has teaching/evaluation in Fall semester
Course frequency: Yearly
First time: Study year 2014-2015
Preferential right:
Course contents:


  • Pharmacology (the study of drugs, their composition, effects and use on various domestic animals species).
  • Toxicology (the study of poisons, their effects in different domestic animals species and treatment of poisoning). It also provides an introduction to environmentally hazardous prevalence and effects.
  • Drug Legislation and prescription writing

Aim and learning outcomes

«Veterinary Pharmacology and Toxicology¿ is a discipline that deals with respectively drugs and toxins' fate and effects in the animal organism. Proficiency in both pharmacology and toxicology is essential to understanding drug therapy in clinical practice in domestic animals and fish, and to make rational therapy selection regarding drug treatment of diseases and poisoning. Further knowledge in these disciplines is essential to understand the part of food hygiene, including meat control, which deals with drugs and toxins, and to understand the background of the retention periods of animal food products for human consumption from animals that have been exposed to contaminants.

Veterinary Pharmacology and Toxicology in relation to past and future courses:

The block builds on the previous teaching, for example in physiology and biochemistry. It is often necessary to repeat or highlight parts of the previous teaching. This applies to parts that are central to understanding the mechanisms in pharmacology / toxicology. For example, parts of the central nervous system's anatomy, physiology and biochemistry are repeated because of its relation to the lectures on medicinal products that affect the central nervous system. Treatment is reviewed in the 7th semester, and in terms of repetition of pharmacology/toxicology, we meet our alumni also in the clinic in the 10th term, where we in groups consisting of 8-10 students, present topics in clinical pharmacology. For example, we provide at the medical clinic, a repetition of antibacterial drugs in which we emphasize on pharmacokinetic and dynamic properties that are particularly relevant in a clinical context. As a rule, it is also a clinician present at these gatherings.

Learning outcome:

The block forms the basis so that the student after completing the course will master the following «Day one skills» by EAEVE: 1.3, 1.4, 1.6, 1.9, 1.11, 1.12, 2.1, 2.2, 2.3, 2.5, 2.6, 2.7, 2.8, 2.9, 3.4, 3.10, 3.13, 3.14, 3.15 

After completion of the courses, the students should (be able to):

  • Have acquired knowledge and attitudes that will allow him or her to be able to use drugs for animals in accordance with the laws and regulations applicable to such activities.
  • Define key concepts in pharmacology and toxicology.
  • Explain key processes in pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics, and the impact these processes may have on treatment outcome.  
  • Explain key processes in toxicokinetics and toxsicodynamics, and how these processes can affect the outcome of a poisoning condition.
  • Clarify the mechanism of the different main groups of drugs.
  • Clarify side effects and interactions between different drugs.
  • Clarify the rules that apply to requisition, handling and storage of medicines.
  • Be familiar with the content of the laws and regulations governing the use of veterinary medicines.
  • Clarify the mechanism of relevant toxins.
  • Define key concepts in environmental toxicology.
  • Clarify the different groups of pollutants, the characteristics of the different groups and what effects they have.
  • Use available channels of information concerning drugs and their use.
  • Prescribe medicinal products in accordance with the regulations for prescription writing.
  • Consider the ethical aspects and propose rational drug therapy in domestic animal and fish diseases.
  • Have learned to collaborate through colloquiums and group work, and be able to present the academic material both in writing and oral.
Learning activities:
Emphasis will be placed on admission, distribution, transformation and excretion (kinetics), mechanisms (dynamics) and effects in various animal species. The course emphasizes in addition clinical veterinary pharmacology and toxicology of small animals, horses and production animals and aquatic species. Teaching is provided in the form of lectures (80 hours) and organized study groups (30 hours).
Recommended literature and detailed description of the course are found at the block's home area on Canvas. 
Recommended prerequisites:
The blocks provided previous in the programme.
Mandatory activity:

Test: A test must be passed in order to take the exam in Animal Nutrition. In special cases, in agreement with the Block Leader, the exam may be taken before the test is passed, but the grade will not be valid until the test is passed. The Block Leader will decide when a new test can be conducted in the following semester. If the student fails the test for a second time, he or she may have to wait until the next time the block is implemented.  


Teaching in colloquiums is mandatory. You are allowed one absence from the courses / colloquia. In absence beyond this, one must submit an additional task assignment (s) which must be assessed as passed before one gets a valid grade in the subject. The colloquium additional task (s) will be distributed after the first exam, and papers will be submitted for evaluation during the first week of the spring semester.


Written final examination: 4 hour last week before Christmas  

Examination support material: Calculator is allowed on tasks that require extensive number crunching.

Grading scale: A-E

Entrance requirements:
Admitted to the Veterinary Medicine Program and completed minimum 100,5 ECTS the first and second year at the program
Reduction of credits:

Requirements for personal equipment:



Biochemistry Hall: It is considered to be very low risk activity in the block. A first aid kit is available. All handling of drugs is carried out by the teachers. However, when extraction and processing of fish, students will be in contact with low concentrations of anesthetic drugs. Prior to the course students are instructed about safe handling of drugs, and during the practical part, teachers ensure that safety is maintained in terms of the students using gloves and protective clothing.

Stig Anders Ødegaard
Examination details: Skriftlig eksamen, flervalgstest og undervisning : A - E / Ikke bestått