Course code APL250

APL250 Local Planning

Norsk emneinformasjon

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Showing course contents for the educational year 2019 - 2020 .

Course responsible: Marius Grønning, Martin Rasch Ersdal
ECTS credits: 15
Faculty: Faculty of Landscape and Society
Teaching language: NO
(NO=norsk, EN=Engelsk)
Limits of class size:
Teaching exam periods:
The course starts in Spring parallel. Teaching takes place in the spring parallel, with evaluation in the exam period.
Course frequency: Annually
First time: Study year 2013-2014
Last time: 2020V
Preferential right:
Course contents:

The course consists of lectures, exercises and group work on practical land use planning according to the Norwegian Planning and Building Act, in particular the municipal land-use plan. The lectures cover the role of the municipal plan as a government tool, the planning system's functions and available instruments, as well as suitable methods and techniques for comprehensive land-use planning.

Practical assignments involve drawing up a concrete plan proposal, with the formal components it consists of (planning program, plan description, planning map, plan provisions, environmental impact assessment, and risk and vulnerability analysis). Through this work the links between typical functions and instruments of planning are explored: strategic, operational, regulatory and communicative.

In Norway, local democracy and spatial planning are structured around the municipality as institution and administrative delimitation. The course is based on problem solving using theory and practical planning methods, based on a pre-selected case municipality in the Oslo region. Practical assignments are organized mainly as group work with tutoring, with submissions and oral presentations and feedback. Individual assignments are also given, in order for each student to reflect on their own perspectives on planning as a method for spatial development.

Learning outcome:
When the course is completed, the students will be able to understand, try and appreciate local processes and results of planning, especially planning at the municipal level as a problem complex. They will have acquired thorough knowledge of the planning system, including the role and content of municipal plans. Furthermore, students should be able to identify typical problems of a given context and prepare proposals for municipal plans (the land-use component) on the basis of previous analyzes of place and community (LAA250). They will be able to evaluate the possibilities and limitations of the institutional framework for planning, as well as techniques, methods and instruments for the preparation of comprehensive land-use plans in general, and the Norwegian municipal land-use plan in particular.
Learning activities:
Lectures, excursions, literature studies, exercizes and assignments in groups and individually. ICT is required for carrying out the assignments, especially Adobe programmes and GIS.
Teaching support:
Supervision and demonstrations will be given, as well as feed back during seminars and presentations. Teachers will offer up to a total of 12 hours of supervision (per group) for the assignments.

Various articles, book chapters, public documents, and notes from lectures. Reference list will be specified at the cours introduction, but will be based on the following profile:

Core litterature:

- Gerald E. Frug (1999), A Legal History of Cities.


Theme A / The municipal plan as spatial strategy

- Patsy Healey (2004), Relational Complexity and the Imaginative Power of Strategic Spatial Planning.

- Martin Meyerson (1961), Utopian Traditions in the Planning of Cities.

- Paul Ricoeur (1991), Ideology and Utopia.

- Nils Aarsæther (2016), Lokalsamfunn - mot alle odds?


Theme B / The municipal plan as landskape project

- André Corboz (1983), The Land as Palimpsest.

- Denis Cosgrove (2006), Modernity, Community, and the Landscape Idea.

- Patsy Healey (2009), In Search of the "Strategic" in Spatial Strategy Making

- Kevin Lynch (1961), The Pattern of the Metropolis.


Theme C / The municipal plan as impermanent constitution

- Gerald E. Frug (1999), City Land Use.

- Charles M. Haar (1955), The Master Plan - an Impermanent Constitution.

- Harvey M. Jacobs (2005), Claiming the site: Evolving Social-Legal Conceptions of Ownership and Property.

- Anthony Walmsley (1995), Greenways and the making of urban form.

APL108 (or equivalent), LAD102, LAA250. Planning studio work assigment builds on the approach and outcome of LAA250.
Recommended prerequisites:
Theoretical perspectives on place and community, knowledge of driving forces, analysis methods for place, landscape, and spatial structure and dynamics, strategic visioning, scenario methods and feasibility studies.
Mandatory activity:
Excursions, group assignments (more information will be given at the course introdution), and plenary presentations (midterm and final).
Comprehensive evaluation. Obligatory assignments that are submittet and approved. 10% written assignments, 10% planning programme, 40% definition of planning issues, 40% elaboration and presentation of plan proposal.
Nominal workload:
450 hours divided into lectures, individual studies and group assigments.
Entrance requirements:
Minimum requirements for entrance to higher education in Norway (generell studiekompetanse)
Type of course:
Lectures, exercizes, assignments, planning studio work with tutoring.
The main part of the work is carried out in groups of 3-4 students.
An external sensor will evaluate the group assignment. The written assignment is subject to internal evaluation.
Examination details: Continuous exam: A - E / F