Heating of buildings is a major source of emissions in Europe, often forgotten in energy system scenarios. A new study focusing on decarbonizing of buildings having individual heating systems concludes that large scale electrification through use of heat pumps is a major part of decarbonization of this energy use.
There are enough biomass resources available to meet the Nordic demand for biofuels and bioheat. Increased production of biofuel will change the traditional forest sector, and the forest owners stand to gain.
In his PhD, Kebede Wolka Wolancho, has examined the effects of soil and water conservation management in southwest Ethiopia. His results show that the examined measures reduce surface runoff and soil loss, while improving crop yield.
Stem rot costs the Norwegian society many millions of kroner every year. In a large, international research project, industry and research have come together to fight its occurrence and consequences, and the work is well on its way.
In his PhD, Yibeltal Tebikew Wassie has examined the effects of access to modern and renewable energy sources and technologies on the rural households in southern Ethiopia. His results show that small-scale renewable energy technologies have considerable potential for reducing household consumption of traditional fuels; thereby lessening forest degradation and carbon dioxide emissions.
In his PhD, Zerihun Asrat Kutie has assessed options for quantifying tree and forest resources of the dry Afromontane forests in south-central Ethiopia. His study has provided models and data and evaluated alternative methods and application of some remotely sensed data to improve estimations of forest parameters. The result is better forest management decision-making.
If the bioeconomy with its utilisation of renewable land-based biomass does not develop in a sustainable way, the alterations of the rural landscape, in combination with expected climate change, will seriously affect our freshwater resources.
“The knighthood is a major recognition of Salbu’s fantastic effort in the service of science over several decades. Salbu’s research has been decisive in shaping better risk assessments tied to radioactive radiation and environmental toxins,” says NMBU Rector Sjur Baardsen.
In her PhD, Mahdieh Tourani has optimized statistical methods for use of non-invasive approaches to wildlife monitoring, such as camera trapping and genetic sampling. She has used hierarchical analytical models to overcome challenges related to carnivore monitoring, including data sparsity and imperfect observations.
Coconut oil is often hailed as an environmentally friendly alternative to, for example, palm oil, but new research shows that it actually threatens more species than the controversial palm oil. How to choose environmentally friendly vegetable oils in a world full of disinformation?
Mari Steinert shows in her PhD that power line clearings in forest landscapes are valuable habitats for plants and wild bees. Her results also show that only minor management measures are needed to make them even more attractive to the insects.
Lennart Noordermeer has developed methods to predict, estimate and map the magnitude of timber production at sub-stand level automatically over large areas. His PhD shows that site index can be estimated by combining 3D data from two points in time with unprecedented accuracy and at a lower cost than conventional methods.
In his PhD thesis, Pablo Durán has developed a novel coupling framework utilizing the Weather Research Forecasting (WRF) model with WindSim’s computational fluid dynamic (CFD) model for wind resource assessments.
A new book focusing on the climate impacts on agricultual and natural resource sustainability in Africa has just been published. It addresses some of the key Sustainable Development Goals to guide innovative responses and enhanced adaptation methods for coping with climate change.
How do you value nature? And how do you get hundreds of people to put a price on it? It turns out that warm weather, a cool drink and some persistence might just do the trick: PhD candidate Bart Immerzeel tells the story of his fairy tale field work in the northern countries.
Knowledge is vital in order to preserve rare and endangered species. But how do you count that which is rarely seen? Researchers at NMBU have created a new method that gives better estimates of wildlife populations.
Tropical forests have been considered an important buffer against anthropogenic climate change. Scientists have followed 300 000 trees in Africa and the Amazon for 30 years, and their results show that the ability of these forests to remove carbon from the atmosphere is diminishing rapidly.
NMBU’s professor Sam Adaramola is newly appointed member of the International Scientific Advisory Board for the Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology (KNUST) Engineering Education Project (KEEP) in Ghana. KEEP is a vital part of Ghana’s industrial and digital revolution within engineering sciences.