The many different types of forest, such as rainforest, flood forest, savannah and wetland, make the job difficult for researchers. Yennie Bredin's doctoral degree shows that large variations in forest structure between nearby areas increase the risk of incorrect estimates in the calculation of biomass and stored carbon in the Amazon's flood forests.
Climate change, loss of biodiversity, and degraded ecosystems: we're in trouble and something needs to be done. We need to change, and we know what to do. But we probably need some help on how to proceed. Maybe we can be inspired by Isaac Newton’s three laws?
Bart Immerzeel’s doctorate shows that the shift to a true, green bioeconomy can have profound effects on the land cover and management of Nordic river basins. This will most likely affect the benefits that society receives from ecosystem services in these areas, such as food production, carbon storage and recreational services.
Heating of buildings is a major source of emissions in Europe, often forgotten in energy system scenarios. A new study focusing on decarbonizing of buildings having individual heating systems concludes that large scale electrification through use of heat pumps is a major part of decarbonization of this energy use.
There are enough biomass resources available to meet the Nordic demand for biofuels and bioheat. Increased production of biofuel will change the traditional forest sector, and the forest owners stand to gain.
In his PhD, Kebede Wolka Wolancho, has examined the effects of soil and water conservation management in southwest Ethiopia. His results show that the examined measures reduce surface runoff and soil loss, while improving crop yield.
Stem rot costs the Norwegian society many millions of kroner every year. In a large, international research project, industry and research have come together to fight its occurrence and consequences, and the work is well on its way.
In his PhD, Yibeltal Tebikew Wassie has examined the effects of access to modern and renewable energy sources and technologies on the rural households in southern Ethiopia. His results show that small-scale renewable energy technologies have considerable potential for reducing household consumption of traditional fuels; thereby lessening forest degradation and carbon dioxide emissions.
In his PhD, Zerihun Asrat Kutie has assessed options for quantifying tree and forest resources of the dry Afromontane forests in south-central Ethiopia. His study has provided models and data and evaluated alternative methods and application of some remotely sensed data to improve estimations of forest parameters. The result is better forest management decision-making.
If the bioeconomy with its utilisation of renewable land-based biomass does not develop in a sustainable way, the alterations of the rural landscape, in combination with expected climate change, will seriously affect our freshwater resources.
“The knighthood is a major recognition of Salbu’s fantastic effort in the service of science over several decades. Salbu’s research has been decisive in shaping better risk assessments tied to radioactive radiation and environmental toxins,” says NMBU Rector Sjur Baardsen.
In her PhD, Mahdieh Tourani has optimized statistical methods for use of non-invasive approaches to wildlife monitoring, such as camera trapping and genetic sampling. She has used hierarchical analytical models to overcome challenges related to carnivore monitoring, including data sparsity and imperfect observations.
Coconut oil is often hailed as an environmentally friendly alternative to, for example, palm oil, but new research shows that it actually threatens more species than the controversial palm oil. How to choose environmentally friendly vegetable oils in a world full of disinformation?
Mari Steinert shows in her PhD that power line clearings in forest landscapes are valuable habitats for plants and wild bees. Her results also show that only minor management measures are needed to make them even more attractive to the insects.
Lennart Noordermeer has developed methods to predict, estimate and map the magnitude of timber production at sub-stand level automatically over large areas. His PhD shows that site index can be estimated by combining 3D data from two points in time with unprecedented accuracy and at a lower cost than conventional methods.