A new, large project, coordinated by NMBU, aims at facilitating climate smart forestry in Norway. The project will provide forest managers with tools that improve forest resilience to climate change, and contribute to reduced green house gas emissions by substituting fossil based products with forest products, and at the same time, provide increased and sustainable economic returns to the forest owner.
Thomas Corodius Sawe’s PhD shows that the crops of small-scale Tanzanian farmers are limited by pollination, and that their yields can be substantially increased if the pollination services are improved. He also found that pesticide use is abundant, and that there is a need for basic education in plant biology among farmers.
Denis Edem Kwame Dzebre’s PhD work shows that the Weather Research and Forecasting Model can be used to generate data for wind resources assessment in coastal Ghana. In addition, he concludes that some current often-used practices in validation studies of the model need to be revised for improved model outputs.
PhD candidate Shimelis Gizachew Raji has examined small-scale farming systems and looked at how Climate Smart Agriculture may improve productivity, climate change adaptation and mitigation. His results show that there is potential for increasing yield, and at the same time reduce costs and the use of fertilizers.
Professor emeritus Jon Swenson has been awarded the Wildlife Society’s (TWS) Honorary Membership Award for his contribution to wildlife science and management. TWS is the world’s oldest and largest professional organization for wildlife biologists.
In his PhD, Ruben Roos has studied the ecology of vascular plants, bryophytes, lichens and micro-arthropods in alpine ecosystems and identified how it affects species turnover in an alpine ecosystem. His results illuminate how important intraspecific variation is as a driver of community-level traits in different primary producers.
Kaja M. A. Heltorp's doctorate shows that most Norwegian forest owners believe that the climate is changing, and they expect increased climate-related forest damage. This does not mean, however, that they plan to change their forest management.
In her PhD, Kristel Van Zuiljen has studied the functional traits of three primary producer groups and identified how they and their traits affect decomposition in an alpine ecosystem. Her results show that their responses to their environment vary in-between species, group types and environmental gradients.
Greyson Z. Nyamoga’s doctorate show that high demand and consumption result in unsustainable use of Tanzanian forest resources. An increasing population is expected to put further stress on the country’s natural resources.
The doctoral work of Lisa Magdalena Rossbach showed that nematodes continuously exposed to low concentrations of silver nanoparticles can adapt towards the exposure. The maintenance of the reproductive capacity was the dominating adaptive response, whereas antioxidant defenses seemed only to be partially involved.
In his doctorate, Magne Simonsen has researched what happens to radioactive waste once it is released into the ocean. He has developed model systems that improves the prediction of the radionuclide transport.
In her PhD, Yevgeniya Tomkiv has examined risk communication in nuclear emergency preparedness. Her research shows that there is a need to change the way we think about communication: the focus should shift more towards dynamic social relationships.
The doctoral work of José Luis Munera-Echeverri shows that conservation farming in combination with biochar is an effective way of sequestering soil carbon. His results contribute to the development of climate-smart farming, which is particularly important in areas where climate change is affecting food security.