Course code VET314

VET314 Pathology

Norsk emneinformasjon

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Showing course contents for the educational year 2016 - 2017 .

Course responsible: Arild Espenes
Teachers: Gjermund Gunnes, Randi Sørby
ECTS credits: 16.5
Faculty: Faculty of Veterinary Medicine
Teaching language: NO
(NO=norsk, EN=Engelsk)
Teaching exam periods:
Look at the semester plan
Course frequency: Yearly
First time: Study year 2016-2017
Course contents:
  • Special Pathology
  • Pathophysiology
  • Autopsy

Aim and learning outcomes

Pathology will provide students with sufficient knowledge of disease development (pathogenesis), pathological-anatomical and histopathological changes of the most commonly occurring disease states, and of serious infectious diseases (Group A and B diseases) in production animals, horses and family animals in Norway.

Learning outcome:

The block forms the basis so that the student after completing the course will master the following «Day one skills» by EAEVE: 1.2, 1.3, 1.4, 1.6, 1.8, 1.10, 1.11, 1.12, 2.1, 2.2, 2.3, 2.4, 2.5, 2.6, 2.8, 2.9, 3.1, 3.2, 3.5, 3.6, 3.15, 3.16, 3.17, 3.20

After completing the course in pathology, the student should:

  • Be able to understand and explain the basis for disease development (pathogenesis) and could explain the macroscopic and microscopic changes in commonly occurring (infectious and non-infectious), and serious infectious diseases (Group A and B diseases) in production animals, horses and family animals in Norway. This applies to:
    • Nutrition disorders
    • Production Diseases
    • Poisonings
    • Neoplasia
    • The most common congenital disorders
    • Virus Infections
    • Bacterial infections
    • Fungal infections
    • Parasitic Diseases
    • Prion diseases  
  • Have good hygiene regarding the handling / autopsy / investigation of potentially infectious material. 
  • Be able to conduct independent autopsies of domestic animals and describe the autopsy findings for important diseases in domestic animals.
  • Observe and describe the basic microscopic changes and be able to make morphological (pathoanatomical) diagnoses based on macroscopic and microscopic descriptions of the most important diseases.
  • Be able to recognize changes in organs and tissues in production animals in relation to food hygiene (meat inspection).
  • Be able to retrieve samples for histological, bacteriological and parasite survey, know how to handle and ship, and when appropriate diagnostic laboratory should be contacted before sending out samples.
  • Be able to assess the pathoanatomical diagnoses in relation to the clinical diagnoses and specify possible cause of death.
  • Know their own limitations and know when it is right to bring in expertise, advices from laboratories or management.
Learning activities:

In special pathology the individual organ systems' disease processes, their causes, development and appearance are emphasized. In pathophysiology the physiologic changes that occur as a result of disease, and how this manifests itself in the sick and dead animal is emphasized.


Instruction is provided in the form of 18 lectures spread throughout the semester and continues with lectures given on the 7th semester. In connection to this there will be given demonstrations of slaughterhouse material. There will be offered daily throughout the semester, demonstration of cases from the clinics. Each group of students has two weeks of autopsy in the mix rotation. There will also be an arrangement of self-study with journals. The students have access to a rich and searchable archive with macro images via the website Noahs Arkive Online.


There are no organized lectures in histopathology, but it is arranged for group- or selfstudy in Morfologisk Studerkammer (1st floor, building 1). Here there are microscopes (one discussion microscope with 14 places, and one single microscope) and boxes with selected histological preparations.

Teaching support:
Recommended literature and detailed description of the course are found at the block's home area on Fronter. 
Special PathologyPathophysiologyAutopsy
Recommended prerequisites:
Blocks earlier in the programme 
Mandatory activity:
All autopsy work and work with journals is obligatory. In the case of absence, students must contact the person who is responsible for the exam and arrange when the work can be carried later in the semester in the following year.  Students will normally be allowed to take the exam even if they have not completed the course work.  However, grades will be held back until the course work has been completed.  


Permitted aids: None

The exam in special pathology are held in the same way as an oral examination. This will be completed within 5 to 7 days (depending on the number of candidates) in the transition between may and june. The examination will be performed like this:

  • The candidate is assigned a task at the beginning of the exam.
  • The task will consist: 1. Theoritical questions 2. Images of macroscopes and(or histological changes (if nessesary, the microscopes may be used to lok at the histological changes)
  • The candidate gets 30 minutes in a single room to study the task and prepare for the exam.
  • After the preperations the candidate will be examined, mainly focusing on the assigned task. However, it will be possible to get supplementary questions from other parts in special pathology. The examination will last in 45 minutes. 
  • The candidate will get his examination results in the end of the day after all the candidates have been examinated.

A information meeting with more details will be held for the class in good time before the exam. 


Requirements for personal equipment



There are separate infection locks by the entrance to the section of pathology. Overalls, gloves and boots are available by the infection locks. At the section hall, HMS training is divided in 2 parts. First a briefing with HMS rules that the students must read and sign. This is supplemented with information and pictures illustrating the procedures. The second part consists of information at the audience on how to implement infection control practices.

Examination details: Oral exam and mandatory activity: A - E / Ikke bestått