Course code BIO230

BIO230 General Microbiology II

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Showing course contents for the educational year starting in 2019 .

Course responsible: Morten Kjos
Teachers: Christine Genevieve Monceyron Jonassen
ECTS credits: 10
Faculty: Faculty of Chemistry, Biotechnology and Food Science
Teaching language: NO
(NO=norsk, EN=Engelsk)
Limits of class size:
80
Teaching exam periods:
This course starts in the spring parallel. This course has teaching/evaluation in the spring parallel.
Course frequency: Annually
First time: 2006H
Course contents:
The first part of the course focuses on how bacteria obtain energy, how this energy drives various catabolic and anabolic processes in the cell, and the regulation of these processes. In addition, bacterial viruses (bacteriophages) and viruses specific for eukaryotic organisms are covered. The last part of the course focuses on the great diversity of bacteria found in nature. First, the general principles used in bacterial classification and phylogeny are discussed. Secondly, the most important groups of bacteria are described by emphasising their most characteristic properties.
Learning outcome:

Knowledge:

By taking the course (BIO230, General Microbiology II) the student will have learned the following facts, principles and concepts:

  • The composition, structure and lifestyle of Bacteria and Archaea.
  • The basic metabolism of Bacteria and Archaea. The course provides an overview of different nutritional types, and the principles behind the energy and carbon metabolism of Bacteria and Archaea. 
  • The central metabolism, aerobic respiration, anaerobic respiration, fermentation and photosynthesis in prokaryotes.
  • Different catabolic and anabolic pathways.
  • Prokaryotic and eukaryotic viruses and their large diversity with respect to structure, function and life cycle. In the part dealing with eukaryotic viruses, the focus will be on viruses that are pathogenic to humans.
  • How Archaea differs from Bacteria.
  • The taxonomy and phylogeny of Archaea and Bacteria, with emphasis on the Bacteria.  
  • Characteristic properties and phylogenetic position of some important bacterial species.

Skills:

After completing the course the student will:

  • Obtain a good understanding of the central metabolism and associated anaplerotic pathways.
  • Know about different nutritional types of Archaea and Bacteria, and understand how they obtain carbon and energy for growth.
  • Know the essentials with respect to catabolism and anabolism of sugars, proteins, nucleic acids and fats.
  • Understand the principles behind aerobic respiration, anaerobic respiration, fermentation and photosynthesis.
  • Understand the principles of enzyme regulation.
  • Know the difference between heterotropic and autotropic Bacteria/Archaea, and be able to explain the most common pathways of prokaryotic CO2 fixation.
  • Have a general knowledge of viral structure and function.
  • Have knowledge about the life cycle and properties of some selected bacteriophages and pathogenic eukaryotic viruses.
  • Understand the principles of prokaryotic taxonomy and phylogeny.
  • Know the most important properties and phylogenetic positions of some common bacterial species.

Qualifications:

After completing the course students will:

  • Have a solid foundation for further studies in microbiology.
  • Have a basic understanding of prokaryotic metabolism, and knowledge about the different sources of carbon and energy exploited by various prokaryotes.
  • Know about virus classification, taxonomy, structure, life cycle and pathogenic properties.
  • Know about the diversity of the microbial world and the phylogenetic positions of selected Bacteria and Archaea.
Learning activities:
Lectures.
Teaching support:
The teacher can be contacted via e-mail (mailto:morten.kjos@nmbu.nomorten.kjos@nmbu.no) and Canvas.
Syllabus:

Textbook: Prescotts  Microbiology. Willey, Sherwood and Woolverton (McGraw-Hill).

Other written material will be handed out or is available in Canvas.

Prerequisites:
Microbiology equivalent to BIO130. Molecular Biology equivalent to BIO210. Biochemistry equivalent to KJB200.
Recommended prerequisites:
Biochemistry equivalent to KJB201.
Assessment:
Written exam (3.5 hours). 
Nominal workload:
The workload is divided as follows: Lectures: 40 hours. Individual study: 254 hours.
Entrance requirements:
Special requirements in Science
Type of course:
Lectures: 4 hours per week. About 40 hours of lectures in total.
Examiner:
An external examiner approves and grades a minimum of 25 exam papers.
Allowed examination aids: A1 No calculator, no other aids
Examination details: One written exam: A - E / F