Course code VET315

VET315 Companion Animal and Equine Medicine

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Showing course contents for the educational year 2016 - 2017 .

Course responsible: Anna Vigdis Eggertsdottir
Teachers: Anne Elisabeth Torgersen, Carl Fredrik Ihler, Arne Magnus Rørvik
ECTS credits: 16.5
Faculty: Faculty of Veterinary Medicine
Teaching language: NO
(NO=norsk, EN=Engelsk)
Teaching exam periods:
Look at the semesterplan
Course frequency: Yearly
First time: Study year 2014-2015
Last time: 2017V
Course contents:
  • Anesthesia and Radiology
  • Small Animal Medicine
    • Internal Medicine
    • Obstetrics/disease in newborn animals
    • Surgery
    • Outpatient clinic
  • Equine Medicine
    • Internal Medicine
    • Surgery
    • Foal Diseases (including neonatal disorders)
Learning outcome:

Provide students with theoretical knowledge and clinical skills in disease development, diagnosis, treatment and preventive health care in production animals, horses and small animals.

The block forms the basis so that the student after completing the course will master the following «Day One Skills» by EAEVE: 1.1, 1.2, 1.3, 1.4, 1.5, 1.6, 1.7, 1.8, 1.9, 1.10, 1.1, 1.12, 2.1, 2.2, 2.3, 2.4, 2.5, 2.6, 2.7, 2.8, 2.9, 3.1, 3.2, 3.3, 3.4, 3.5, 3.6, 3.7, 3.8, 3.10, 3.11, 3.12, 3.13, 3.14, 3.15, 3.17, 3.18, 3.19, 3.20

After completing the course the student should:

  • Show respect for animals and humans and have an understanding of owners' relationships with the animals.
  • Be familiar with animals' welfare needs.
  • Emphasize economic considerations.
  • Work independently.
  • Communicate and collaborate with animal owners and colleagues and other professionals.
  • Gather and assess expert information.
  • Know their professional limitations and seek help when needed.
  • Render knowledge of important diseases, diagnostic tools and treatment methods in common species.
  • Adopt anamnesis and obtain relevant information about the livestock.
  • Handle animals in a safe manner.
  • Perform clinical examination and evaluate findings.
  • Take out relevant tests and interpret test results.  
  • Set up a relevant list of differential diagnoses and diagnostic.
  • Assess prognosis.
  • Carry out or suggest treatment.
  • Provide emergency assistance, including obstetrics.
  • Assess the need for and apply principles of livestock diagnostics.
  • Suggest preventive measures in production animal herds.
  • Write detailed journals, reports and certificates that meet applicable regulations.
  • Implement practical hygiene measures and infection prevention.
  • Be aware of the importance of food safety in the food chain.
  • Prevent zoonoses.
Learning activities:

Teaching takes place in small groups in rotations in the clinics at the Division for Small Animal Diseases and the Division for Equine Diseases in 8th and 9th semesters (5 weeks in 8th semester and 4 weeks in 9th semester per student). Students are a total of  2 weeks at the surgical clinic for small animals (1 +1), 2 weeks at the medical clinic for small animals (1 +1), two weeks at the outpatient clinic for small animals (1 +1) and 3 weeks at the horse clinic (2 +1).

 

Small Animal Medicine

The field includes internal medicine and surgical diseases in small animals, mainly dogs and cats, but also rabbits, rodents and cage birds that are kept as pets. Overview lectures on disease development, diagnosis and treatment are given. Students rotate at the medical and the surgical clinic at the outpatient clinic. Students make independent clinical examinations of patients under the supervision of a veterinarian. Instruction in clinical laboratory techniques and diagnostics is also given. In addition to the purely medical disciplines, an introduction to preventive health care, environmental issues, management, owner¿s behavior and communication and ethics is also given. As far as is practically possible, the castration of tomcats and ovarian hysterectomy of female cats will be offered. Radiology teaching is an integral part of the rotation. There is a theme day on bird and rodent medicine in the first week of the 9th semester. Students will also have 2 evening shifts / night shifts per clinical week. This will include weekends and red letter days, but not christmas and easter holiday.

Syllabus:
Recommended literature and detailed description of the course are found at the block's home area on Fronter. 
Recommended prerequisites:
Blocks earlier in the program. At the examination in 9th semester themes from the entire veterinary curriculum may be examined to the extent it is relevant to the issue / case which is examined.
Mandatory activity:

Courses and clinical service is mandatory. Weekend and night shifts are also mandatory.

All lectures in the clinic is mandatoryEveryone has to do two short courses in chosen diagnostic methods, one on the internal laboratory and one in the clinic.During the clinic period, every student shall deliver 5 journals from each of the clinic rotaions, based on the pasients the students have been responsible for in the clinic. The journals have to be approved by the lecturer. Students will have 2 evening shifts / night shifts per clinical week.This includes weekends and red letter days.The students must demonstrate cases for younger students. One of the rotation weeks is a night duty rotation. 

Both rotation students and differentiation students will be given a duty setup. 

 

Horse medicine

The field includes internal medicine and surgical diseases in horses, as well as foal diseases. Radiology is an integral part of the rotation. Students make independent clinical examinations of patients under the supervision of a veterinarian.

 

Propaedeutic Course and Introduction to Diagnostic Work and Pathology

See 6th and 7th semester. Themes from this teaching will also be examined at the clinical examination in 9th semester.

Assessment:

Programme requirements: Students must pass each clinical period and ensure that documentation is completed. To pass the clinical period, the student must have been sufficiently present and have shown that they possess widely acceptable professional and ethical standards. Look at the documents in the information room on Fronter. To get a valid absence, the student must deliver medical certificate within 5 days after the day of absence. 

The form that document presence is delivered in Fronter. Students who have not passed the clinical period will not be allowed to take the exam.

Practical / oral examination in Small Animal Medicine and Equine Medicine: Students are automatically registered for the exam in the Small Animal Medicine and Equine Medicine. There is one partial examination in Small Animal diseases and one partial examination in horse diseases. Both parts must be passed in order to pass the subject.

Examination is held on 2 different days for each student with a clinical test on one of the partial examinations (either in the field of small animal medicine or the field of equine medicine) and an oral examination in the second field. Lots are  drawn to decide this at the beginning of the examination period by the SFA.

Re-sit examination:

Students must only re-sit the failed partial examination. There will be no new drawing of lots, ie if one fails on the clinical test; one gets a new clinical examination. The students cannot divide horse- and small animals exam in advance for whatever reason.

Note:

Requirements for personal equipment

Work clothes, protective footwear, stethoscope and scissors.

Absence:

A maximum of one day of valid and documented absence per week is allowed.  It is not possible to accumulate days. Valid absences beyond this must be re-taken in accordance with the Head of Section's instructions.

The reason for the above is that the rotations provide the skill training which is necessary for professional practice. In case of absence beyond what is accepted, the number of missing days must be re-taken, following rules found on Fronter. Students will not be able to take the clinical exam until the missing time/days are re-taken.

HMS

A first aid kit is available. Fire Training is provided in the clinics. Students are encouraged to wear gloves when handling medications and other risk materials, allergens and when handling animals suspected of being infected by a zoonosis.

Rotation Horse Clinic

See the "Rules for handling large production animals and horses at NMBU Veterinary university" and "Basic rules regarding handling of animals" (see Fronter). Introduction to clinic routines are discussed orally. Students must acknowledge that they have received this training.

Rotation Small Animal Clinic

The greatest health risk is bite wounds by animals. Handling and the use of muzzle bands in risk situations are emphasized. Students use gloves when handling medications and when required.

Radiology

In the theoretical radiology review in 6th semester, risks and protection are reviewed. In the practical lessons as from 8th semester, students are shown in practice how to protect themselves. Students must follow the rules below. There is a separate Radiation Protection Manager at the department.

- Using lead-coat and thyroid protection when the student assists in the X-ray room. - Female owners / students who are pregnant or suspect pregnancy, shall not participate in taking pictures. - Owners younger than 18 should not assist. - There shall not be unnecessary people inside the X-ray room when exposed. - The use of sedation / restraints to reduce the number of images and to reduce the risk of injuries may be used on troubled patients.

Examiner:
Examination details: :