Course code VET315

VET315 Companion Animal and Equine Medicine

There may be changes to the course due to to corona restrictions. See Canvas and StudentWeb for info.

Norsk emneinformasjon

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Showing course contents for the educational year 2021 - 2022 .

Course responsible: Turid Hegerstrøm, Constanze Fintl, Ellen Margrete Skancke
Teachers: Nina Ottesen, Hege Cathrine Mittet Brun-Hansen, Carl Fredrik Ihler, Vibeke Rootwelt
ECTS credits: 17.5
Faculty: Faculty of Veterinary Medicine
Teaching language: NO
(NO=norsk, EN=Engelsk)
Teaching exam periods:
Look at the semesterplan
Course frequency: Yearly
First time: 2019H
Last time: 2021V
Preferential right:

VET

TIL2

Course contents:
  • Anesthesia and Radiology
  • Small Animal Medicine
    • Internal Medicine
    • Obstetrics/disease in newborn animals
    • Surgery
    • Outpatient clinic
  • Equine Medicine
    • Internal Medicine
    • Surgery
    • First opinion clinical practice (field service)
Learning outcome:

Provide students with theoretical knowledge and clinical skills in disease development, diagnosis, treatment in horses and small animals.

The block forms the basis so that the student after completing the course will master the following «Day One Skills» by EAEVE: 1.1, 1.2, 1.3, 1.4, 1.5, 1.6, 1.7, 1.8, 1.9, 1.10, 1.1, 1.12, 2.1, 2.2, 2.3, 2.4, 2.5, 2.6, 2.7, 2.8, 2.9, 3.1, 3.2, 3.3, 3.4, 3.5, 3.6, 3.7, 3.8, 3.10, 3.11, 3.12, 3.13, 3.14, 3.15, 3.17, 3.18, 3.19, 3.20

After completing the course the student should:

  • Show respect for animals and humans and have an understanding of owners' relationships with the animals.
  • Be familiar with animals' welfare needs.
  • Emphasize economic considerations.
  • Work independently.
  • Communicate and collaborate with animal owners and colleagues and other professionals.
  • Gather and assess expert information.
  • Know their professional limitations and seek help when needed.
  • Render knowledge of important diseases, diagnostic tools and treatment methods in common species.
  • Adopt anamnesis and obtain relevant information about the livestock.
  • Handle animals in a safe manner.
  • Perform clinical examination and evaluate findings.
  • Determine and perform relevant clinical tests and interpret test results.  
  •  
  • Set up a relevant list of differential diagnoses and diagnostic.
  • Assess prognosis.
  • Carry out or suggest treatment.
  • Provide emergency assistance, including obstetrics.
  • Assess the need for and apply principles of livestock diagnostics.
  • Suggest preventive measures in production animal herds.
  • Write detailed journals, reports and certificates that meet applicable regulations.
  • Implement practical hygiene measures and infection prevention.
  • Be aware of the importance of food safety in the food chain.
  • Prevent zoonoses.
Learning activities:

Teaching takes place in small groups in rotations in the clinics at the Division for Small Animal Diseases and the Division for Equine Diseases in 8th and 9th semesters (5 weeks in 8th semester and 4 weeks in 9th semester per student). Students are a total of  2 weeks at the surgical clinic for small animals (1 +1), 2 weeks at the medical clinic for small animals (1 +1), two weeks at the outpatient clinic for small animals (1 +1) and 3 weeks at the equine clinic (2 +1).

 

Small Animal Medicine

The field includes internal medicine and surgical diseases in small animals, mainly dogs and cats, but also rabbits, exotic, rodents and cage birds that are kept as pets. Students rotate at the medical and the surgical clinic at the outpatient clinic. Students learn clinical examinations of patients under the supervision of a veterinarian as "fagdag". Instruction in clinical laboratory techniques and diagnostics is also given. In addition to the purely medical disciplines, an introduction to preventive health care, environmental issues, management, owners behavior and communication and ethics is also given. As far as is practically possible, the castration of tomcats and ovarian hysterectomy of female cats will be offered. Radiology teaching is an integral part of the rotation. Students will also have 1 evening shift or 1 daytime shift saturday/sunday per clinical week. This will also include red letter days, but not christmas and easter holiday.

Equine rotation

The equine rotation takes place in small group teaching. During the 8th semester the students spend 2 weeks on equine rotation, during which time one week is predominantly spent on surgery rotation while the second week on medicine. The third and final week on equine rotation is in 9th semester during which time the student is invilved in all types of equine cases. The students have case responsibility including clinical examination, treatments and assisting with required procedures of their alloated cases. The students are required to participate in the on-call rota. They also have the opportunity to join the field service in order to be exposed to a greater proportion of first opininon cases.

Teaching support:
Teaching is performed in small groups making it easy to discuss any relevant topics. Structured group discussions of various subjects are also part of the rotations.
Syllabus:
Recommended literature and detailed description of the course are found at the block's home area on Canvas
Prerequisites:
Completed minimum 166,5 ECTS after third year at the program
Recommended prerequisites:
Blocks earlier in the program. At the examination in 9th semester themes from the entire veterinary curriculum may be examined.
Mandatory activity:
Clinicalrotation is mandatory. Weekend and night shifts are also mandatory. More information in separat document on Canvas. 
Assessment:

The student must pass each clinic period, and make sure that the documentation for the presence is completed. In order to pass the clinic period, the student must have been sufficiently present, as well as "kriterier for å bestå klinikken i veterinærstudiet". See documents in the Canvas information room. 

Examination

Part examination 1 - OSCE (objective structured clinical exam)

Examination layout:

OSCE consists of 10 stations, with 6 minutes per station. OSCE is arranged over to subsequent days in December. There are 5 stations the first day and 5 stations the following day. A mixture of small animal and horse assignments is given both days and the examination is considered as a whole with a pass-fail.

The student version of the exercises is available for the students at Canvas. It consists of a history and task that must be solved in conjunction with this. In addition, it is stated which steps are to be carried out and what are critical points. The student can practice this in advance.

Census: 7 out of 10 stations must be passed in order for the student to pass the OSCE exam. Calculation of the pass within the station is done by the program q-perkom and depends on how students perform the individual procedures. In addition, the student must pass all critical proints.

The student enters q-percom and gets access to their results, what is wrong and correct and possibly comments on the performance immediately after the exam.

If not passed, a re-sit exam will be arranged in August.

Part 2 - digital exam

Examination layout:

The exam is carried out digitally through the program wiseflow. There is a re-sit exam in August.

Examination papers:

The exam consists of 20-30 assignments. There are assignments within small animal and horse medicine. Radiology, anesthesia and surgery tasks can come within both animal species. The tasks are made in a similar way as they were in the module tests in the 7th semester. They consist of a vignette that can be text (eg history, symptoms, diagnosis, etc.), picture, film, test answer, radiology images, etc. There is a question related to the vignette and 3-4 response options.

Garding: A-E/ fail

Entrance requirements:
Admitted to the Veterinary Medicine Program and completed minimum 166,5 ECTS after third year at the program
Note:

Requirements for personal equipment

Work clothes, protective footwear, stethoscope, scissors and nametag.

Absence:

A maximum of one day of valid and documented absence per week is allowed.  It is not possible to accumulate days. Valid absences beyond this must be re-taken in accordance with the Head of Section's instructions.

The reason for the above is that the rotations provide the skill training which is necessary for professional practice. In case of absence beyond what is accepted, the number of missing days must be re-taken, following rules found on Canvas. Students will not be able to take the clinical exam until the missing time/days are re-taken.

HMS

A first aid kit is available. Fire Training is provided in the clinics. Students are encouraged to wear gloves when handling medications and other risk materials, allergens and when handling animals suspected of being infected by a zoonosis.

Rotation Horse Clinic

See the "Rules for handling large production animals and horses at NMBU Veterinary university" and "Basic rules regarding handling of animals" (see Canvas). Introduction to clinic routines are discussed orally. Students must acknowledge that they have received this training.

Rotation Small Animal Clinic

The greatest health risk is bite wounds by animals. Handling and the use of muzzle bands in risk situations are emphasized. Students use gloves when handling medications and when required.

Radiology

In the theoretical radiology review in 6th semester, risks and protection are reviewed. In the practical lessons as from 8th semester, students are shown in practice how to protect themselves. Students must follow the rules below. There is a separate Radiation Protection Manager at the department.

- Using lead-coat and thyroid protection when the student assists in the X-ray room. - Female owners / students who are pregnant or suspect pregnancy, shall not participate in taking pictures. - Owners younger than 18 should not assist. - There shall not be unnecessary people inside the X-ray room when exposed. - The use of sedation / restraints to reduce the number of images and to reduce the risk of injuries may be used on troubled patients.

Examiner:
Examination details: Samlet resultat: A - E / F