Course code VET315

VET315 Companion Animal and Equine Medicine

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Showing course contents for the educational year 2022 - 2023 .

Course responsible: Ingunn Risnes Hellings, Ellen Margrete Skancke
Teachers: Ragnhild Skulberg, Anne Marie Breen, Kristin Paaske Anfinsen, Hege Kippenes Skogmo, Cathrine Taule Fjordbakk, Hege Cathrine Mittet Brun-Hansen, Henning Andreas Haga
ECTS credits: 17.5
Faculty: Faculty of Veterinary Medicine
Teaching language: NO
(NO=norsk, EN=Engelsk)
Teaching exam periods:
Look at the semesterplan
Course frequency: Yearly
First time: Study year 2021-2022
Preferential right:
VET and TIL2
Course contents:
  • Anesthesia and Radiology
  • Small Animal Medicine
    • Internal Medicine
    • Obstetrics/reproduction/neonatal disease 
    • Surgery
    • Outpatient practice
    • Emergency and critical care
  • Equine Medicine
    • Internal Medicine
    • Obstetrics/reproduction/neonatal disease
    • Surgery
    • First opinion clinical practice (field service)
Learning outcome:

Provide students with theoretical knowledge and clinical skills in disease development, diagnostics and treatment in horses and small animals.

VET 315 will help students to acquire the EAEVE Day one competencies described in: EAEVE List of Subjects and Day One Competences.

After completing the course, students should be able to:

  • Work independently.
  • Communicate and collaborate with pet owners and colleagues and other professionals.
  • Obtain and assess expert information.
  • Know their professional limitations and seek help when needed.
  • Have knowledge of diseases, diagnostic tools and treatment methods in small animals and horses.
  • Record a history and obtain relevant information about the patient.
  • Handle animals safely.
  • Perform a clinical examination and assess findings.
  • Take relevant samples and interpret test results.
  • Create a relevant list of differential diagnoses and make a diagnosis.
  • Assess prognosis.
  • Carry out or suggest treatment.
  • Provide emergency assistance, including obstetrics.
  • Write detailed clinical notes, reports and certificates that satisfy current regulations.
  • Implement practical hygiene and infection control measures.
  • Prevent zoonoses.
  • Show respect for animals and humans and have an understanding of owners' relationships with animals.
  • Be familiar with the animals’ welfare needs.
  • Emphasise financial considerations.
Learning activities:

Teaching takes place in small groups teaching in rotations at the small animal and equine hospitals in the 8th and 9th semester (5 weeks in the 8th semester and 4 weeks in the 9th semester per student). Students spend a total of 2 weeks at the small animal surgical clinic (1 + 1), 2 weeks at the small animal medicine clinic (1 + 1), two weeks at the outpatient clinic/emergency and critical care unit (1 + 1) and 3 weeks at the equine clinic (2 + 1) .

Small animal medicine

This discipline includes internal medicine and surgical diseases,  emergency and critical care, outpatient clinic, reproduction and obstetrics in small animals, primarily in dogs and cats, but also rabbits, rodents, minipigs, exotics and caged birds. The students rotate at the medical, surgical, and the outpatient clinics. Students learn to perform independent, clinical examinations of patients under the guidance of a veterinarian. In addition to the purely medical disciplines, an introduction is given to preventive healthcare, environmental issues, handling, behaviour, owner communication and ethics. As far as practically possible, castration of a male cat and ovariohysterectomy of a female cat will be offered. Radiology and anaesthesia are integrated into rotation teaching.

Students will also have 1 evening shift or 1 weekend daytime shift per clinic week. This will include weekends and bank holidays, except Christmas and Easter holidays.

Equine medicine

This discipline includes internal medicine and surgical diseases, obstetrics and reproduction in horses, as well as the possibility of some outpatient practice. Radiology and anaesthesia teaching are integrated into rotation teaching. Students carry out independent, clinical examinations of patients under the guidance of a veterinarian. Evening, night and weekend shifts are a mandatory part of the rotation.

Teaching support:
Teaching is performed in small groups making it easy to discuss any relevant topics. Structured group discussions on various subjects are also part of the rotations.
Syllabus:
Recommended literature and detailed description of the course are found on the course page on Canvas.
Prerequisites:
Completed minimum 166,5 ECTS after the third year of the program
Recommended prerequisites:
Courses earlier in the program. Where relevant, topics from the entire veterinary curriculum can be included in the examination after the 9th semester.
Mandatory activity:
Clinical rotations are mandatory. Evening, weekend and night shifts are also mandatory. More information can be found in the semester plan on Canvas. 
Assessment:

The student must pass each clinic period, and ensure that attendance documentation is completed. To pass the clinic period, the student must have attended sufficiently as described in the semester plan and pass the clinic in accordance with criteria given in the document "criteria for passing the clinic in veterinary studies" revised edition adopted by SU-vet 25.03.2019. See documents in the Canvas information room.

Examination (January)

The VET 315 exam consists of 3 parts:

Part 1 - OSCE (objective structured clinical examination)

The OSCE consists of 10 stations, with 6 minutes per station. There are 5 stations one day and 5 stations the next, with a mixture of small animal and equine assignments (including relevant clinical disciplines such as anaesthesia and radiology) on both days. The exam is assessed as a whole with an overall pass-fail.

Student versions of relevant exam assignments are available on Canvas. The tasks consist of a written history/ instructions for a related task to be performed/solved. In addition, it is stated which steps are to be carried out and what the critical points are. The student can practice this in advance.

7 out of 10 stations must be passed for the student to pass the OSKE exam. At each station, there is an observer who assesses how the student performs the individual procedures, and this is recorded on a form. Based on these results, a calculation is made for each station using the q-percom program. In order to pass the exam, the student must also pass any critical procedures at the individual stations.

Students can enter q-percom and gets access to their results, see which tasks were performed correctly or incorrectly, and any comments on the execution of the tasks.

If the examination is not passed, a resit exam will be arranged in August.

Part 2 and 3 - digital exam

Examination in small animal medicine:

  • Written digital exam with multiple-choice and short answer assignments.
  • Duration: 5 hours
  • Exam details are announced on Canvas.

Pass mark: approximately 70% ( this can be adjusted up and down depending on what is considered a sufficiently correct answer for the candidate to satisfy the requirements for learning outcomes and show the necessary knowledge, skills and competence.)

Students can view their results along with answers and points, after grading is complete.

Students who need documentation of their own examination performance in addition to passing / failing (for example when applying for an internship abroad) can ask the person responsible for the examination for written documentation of their own response rate related to the percentile for the coal performance.

If the examination is not passed, a resit exam will be arranged in August.

Examination in equine medicine:

  • Written digital exam with multiple-choice and short answer assignments.
  • Duration: 3 hours
  • Exam details are announced on Canvas.

Pass mark: approximately 70% (this can be adjusted up and down depending on what is considered a sufficiently correct answer for the candidate to satisfy the requirements for learning outcomes and show the necessary knowledge, skills and competence.)

Students can view their results along with answers and points, after grading is complete.

Students who need documentation of their own examination performance in addition to passing / failing (for example when applying for an internship abroad) can ask the person responsible for the examination for written documentation of their own response rate related to the percentile for the coal performance.

If the examination is not passed, a resit exam will be arranged in August.

Nominal workload:
The student participates in the daily clinical work in the hospital, full working day. In addition, self-study and preparation for tasks to be performed the following day, are expected.
Entrance requirements:
Admitted to the Veterinary Medicine Program and completed minimum 166,5 ECTS after third year at the program
Type of course:
Participation in history taking, diagnosing and treatment of patients at the animal hospital. 37.5 hours a week plus 7.5 hours for evening shifts or day shifts in weekends
Note:

Requirements for own equipment

Small animal hospital: Own clinic shoes stethoscope, scissors, and nameplate.

See Canvas for clothing

Absence

Rules concerning absence are provided in the semester plan.

The reason for strict absence rules is that clinic teaching provides skills training that is necessary for the practice of the profession. In the event of absence beyond what is accepted, the missing number of days must be made up according to rules given in the semester plan. The student will not be able to be presented for the exam until the absence has been taken back.

Health and Safety

First aid equipment is available. Fire training is provided in the clinics. Students are encouraged to wear gloves when handling medications and other risk materials, allergens, and when handling animals suspected of being infected with a zoonosis.

Pregnant students must discuss this with the person in charge of teaching.

Equine rotation

Reference is made to Rules for handling large production animals and horses at NMBU Veterinary College and Basic Rules regarding handling of animals (See Canvas). Introduction to clinic routines is reviewed verbally.

Small animal rotations

The biggest health risk is bite injuries from animals. Emphasis is placed on handling and using muzzles in risk situations. Students wear gloves when handling medicine and otherwise when needed.

Radiography

In the theoretical X-ray review in the 6th semester, dangers and protection are reviewed. In the practical teaching from the 8th semester, students are shown in practice how to protect themselves. Students must follow the regulations below. There is a separate radiation protection manager in the department.

  • Wear lead coat and thyroid protection when the student assists inside the X-ray room.
  • Female owners / students who are pregnant, or suspected to be, should not participate in taking x-ray images.
  • Owners under 18 years should not assist.
  • There should be no superfluous people inside the X-ray room.
  • The use of sedation / coercive measures to reduce the number of images and to reduce the risk of injury should be used on anxious patients.
Examiner:

1) An external examiner is used in advance of the exam to evaluate the relevance and quality of the assignments

2) Marking is perfomed by the internal examiner and the external examiner.

In the event of an appeal, new internal and external appeal examiners will be appointed.

Examination details: Portfolio assessment: Passed / Not Passed