Course code PJH212

PJH212 Forage and Seed Crops

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Showing course contents for the educational year 2021 - 2022 .

Course responsible: Anne Kjersti Uhlen
Teachers: Anne Kjersti Bakken, Trond Børresen, Åshild Gunilla Ergon, Øystein Ahlstrøm
ECTS credits: 10
Faculty: Faculty of Biosciences
Teaching language: EN, NO
(NO=norsk, EN=Engelsk)
Teaching exam periods:
Autumn parallel
Course frequency: Annually
First time: Study year 2015-2016
Course contents:
Main focus is on production and production systems for cereals and other seed crops (oilseed rapes and grain legumes), and forage crops (grasses, feed legumes and also annual forage crops) for roughage.  Adjustments in the cropping systems to achieve satisfactory yield and quality, as well as low environmental footprints is focused, being important elements in a sustainable food production. The climatic/edaphic conditions for plant production in Norway is emphasized, and the utilization of the agricultural areas throughout the country. A part of the course will be common for the courses PJH212 and HFE205, dealing with the use of feed concentrates and roughage in Norwegian animal husbandry productions, content of nutrients in the feeds, and principals for their productions (including the conservation of silage). Knowledge on the important traits of the crops, their growth and development, and responses to climatic and management factors are emphasized. The special part for PJH212 contains: Crop establishments, including tillage systems, fertilization and fertilization technology,  harvesting methods and harvesting time,  winter survival and winter stress physiology, forage crop mixtures, crop rotations and utilization of break crops. The quality of the harvested forage and of the seed crops to be used both food and feed, are focused. Moreover, production of seeds of these crops and factor affecting quality as seeds are included.
Learning outcome:


You know use of feed concentrates and roughage in the Norwegian animal husbandry, and how the feed cover nutritional demands for different types of animals. You can describe the important agronomic and quality traits of the different crops (cereals, oilseed crops, protein crops, grasslands). You can describe plant development of these crops, and understand their responses to environmental factors as well as managements that are important for canoy development, yield and quality. You understand and can describe principels for tillage of soil types, and how tillage systems can be managed to achieve high yield and low environmental footprints. You know how the production of feed consentrates are handled. You can describe principles and methods for conservation of roughage.


You can identify ley species from morphological traits. You can analyse common quality analyses in cereals, and you can evaluate quality from grain and flour analytical spesifications. You can read and understand scientific literature in the field, and you can discuss practical or commercial implementations.


You have good knowledge and deep understanding of  agricultural practices and principles, as well as plant traits and their responses to environmental factors, and you can use the knowledge to solve challenges in the Norwegian agriculture within the production of cereals, oilseed crops, protein crops and grasslands.  You can discuss adaptations and changes to achieve sustainable productions and to achieve political goals for the Norwegian agriculture.

Learning activities:
Lectures will be given on important topics, supplemented by some lab excercises, colloquie, and 1-2 excursions. 
Teaching support:
A list will be given at the start of the course.
Recommended prerequisites:
PJH102, HFX133, JORD230, BOT130, BOT201
Mandatory activity:
Excercises with reports. Participating in excursions, field demonstrations and guest lectures.
Written exam.
Nominal workload:
250 hours.
Entrance requirements:
Special requirements in Science
Reduction of credits:
5 ECTS against HFE205
Type of course:
Lectures: 46 hours  Excercises/lab:  6 hours Excursions and field demonstrations:  6 hours
External examiner shall approve the questions for the written exam and shall evaluate the answeres from all the  candidates. 
Allowed examination aids: A2 No calculator, other aids as specified
Examination details: One written exam: Letter grades