Course code NOVA-404

NOVA-404 Plant breeding for sustainable plant health management

Norsk emneinformasjon

Search for other courses here

Showing course contents for the educational year 2018 - 2019 .

Course responsible: Morten Lillemo
Teachers: Aasmund Bjørnstad
ECTS credits: 5
Faculty: Faculty of Biosciences
Teaching language: EN
(NO=norsk, EN=Engelsk)
Teaching exam periods:
The course will run in the spring 2019 as a NOVA course. There will be a one week's on-site course in Dombås from 27 Jan - 1 Feb.
Course frequency: 2019
First time: Study year 2018-2019
Last time: 2019V
Preferential right:

Students with plant breeding related research in their PhD project will get priority. Students on PhD level have number one priority. Master's students may inquire vacancy for PhD courses from the contact listed on the course's NOVA webpage.

Students on PhD level have number one priority. Master's students may inquire vacancy for PhD courses from the contact listed on the course's NOVA webpage.

Course contents:

The course will to provide PhD students with theoretical background and practical examples of using host plant resistance breeding as a key element to achieve sustainable disease management in agro-ecosystems. Resistance breeding is often advocated as the most cost-effective and sustainable way of crop protection, but can also lead to great failures if the sought resistance itself is unsustainable. The concepts of durable resistance will therefore be discussed, and focus will be on how host resistance of cultivars can enhance other control measures like chemical plant protection and agronomic practices (crop rotation, stubble management, soil tillage). The overall goal is to support the development of sustainable food production systems in the Nordic countries.

The course will include a mix of lectures given by teachers as well as graduate students talks on resistance breeding with focus on adapting crops to sustainable Nordic production systems. Both crossbreeding methods and omics aspects of plant-pathogen relationships will be covered as well as utilization of modern breeding methods like high throughput phenotyping (phenomics), genomics (QTL mapping, GWAS, genomic selection) and genome editing to enhance host plant resistance. Sunday afternoon: arrival and accommodation. Pre-dinner guest lecture. Monday: Introduction to host plant resistance breeding and the concepts of sustainable production systems. Students Poster presentations. Tuesday: Biology of plant-pathogen interactions using classical and modern molecular biology and omics tools. Biotrophic and necrotrophic diseases. Wednesday: Genetics of host plant resistance. Race/biotype specific and non-specific resistance Thursday: Application of genomics tools in resistance breeding. Principles of genomic prediction of breeding values for selection. Friday: Breeding for sustainable plant health management. Practical examples from plant breeding. Course evaluation and farewell.

Learning outcome:

Knowledge

- Understanding the basic concepts of race specific and race non-specific resistance

- Understanding how plant resistance can contribute to sustainable disease management

- Knowledge about QTL mapping, GWAS and genomic prediction of breeding values for selection as tools in host plant resistance breeding

Skills

- Be able to design a plant breeding program for a specific crop and target trait (host plant resistance to pathogens and pests)

- Be able to identify required information in order to carry out a plant breeding project to support sustainable plant health management.

Competence

- Be able to evaluate feasibility of plant breeding for a given host plant resistance trait

- Be able to suggest critical measures to reach the goal

Learning activities:

The students are requested to bring a poster on their PhD project. The students will receive literature before the start in order to prepare a Student Lecture. There will be no post-campus assignments.

The course is based on lectures, case studies, working groups and plenum discussions. The course will foster creative thinking, discussions and exchange of ideas among PhD students, teachers and plant breeders.

Syllabus:
Students will receive the reading list in due time.
Prerequisites:
The course is intended for PhD students with basic knowledge of plant breeding and genetics, plant pathology, crop science and biotechnology. Students with plant breeding related research in their PhD project will get priority.
Recommended prerequisites:
The course is intended for PhD students with basic knowledge of plant breeding and genetics, plant pathology, crop science and biotechnology. Students with plant breeding related research in their PhD project will get priority.
Mandatory activity:
Participation on the on-site course.
Assessment:
Students must present a poster on their PhD project and prepare and give a Student Lecture exploring relevant methods and principles taught on the course.
Nominal workload:

20 hours teacher lectures

40 hours student lectures, poster presentations and case studies

90 hours independent work (reading given literature, preparing lecture on given topic, preparing poster presentation)

Total: 150 hours

Entrance requirements:

The course is intended for PhD students with basic knowledge of plant breeding and genetics, plant pathology, crop science and biotechnology. Students with plant breeding related research in their PhD project will get priority.

Students on PhD level have number one priority. Master's students may inquire vacancy for PhD courses from the contact listed on the course's NOVA webpage.

Type of course:

20 hours teacher lectures

40 hours student lectures, poster presentations and case studies  

Note:

This course is a joint Nordic NOVA PhD course organised by Morten Lillemo, NMBU. Teachers and researchers from NMBU, BOKU, the Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU), the University of Helsinki, and Aarhus University will teach on the course. Please see the course information webpage on NOVA's website for more information on the course:

https://www.nmbu.no/en/students/nova/students/phd-courses/phd-courses-2019/node/35254

Examiner:
Examination details: Continous Exam: Bestått / Ikke bestått