Course code MVI273

MVI273 Milk and Milk Processing

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Showing course contents for the educational year 2021 - 2022 .

Course responsible: Tove Gulbrandsen Devold
Teachers: Martine Andrea Olsen, Beate Bjørgan, Davide Porcellato, Marius Austeng Normann, Ola Tjåland, Anne-Grethe Johansen, Ahmed Moheyeldin Abdelghani, Judith Ann Narvhus, Kari Ragnhild Olsen, Irene Comi
ECTS credits: 10
Faculty: Faculty of Chemistry, Biotechnology and Food Science
Teaching language: NO
(NO=norsk, EN=Engelsk)
Limits of class size:
Teaching exam periods:

Part 1: Starts and is completed during the January block.

Part 2: Starts and is completed during  the spring parallell.

This course has teaching/evaluation in the January block and in the spring parallell.  

Course frequency: Annually
First time: Study year 2007-2008
Preferential right:
Course contents:

In this course you will learn about the various components of milk and milk processing in the dairy. It is important to utilize as much milk as possible, and special attention will be paid to how milk can be processed and utilized in a sustainable way. This requires in-depth knowledge of the physical properties of milk and its chemical and microbiological composition. This is illustrated through various learning activities such as lectures, exercises in the lab and pilot plant, visits to the barn and group work.

The course consists of two parts:

Part 1: Milk chemistry: This section deals with the most important components of milk: proteins, fats, lactose, enzymes, minerals and selected trace elements. Emphasis is placed on structure, physical and chemical properties, as well as technological and nutritional significance, various factors that influence content and how this is in turn linked to milk quality. Functional properties of milk proteins are particularly emphasized.

Part 2: This section deals with the milk processing at the dairy with a special focus on transport, separation, homogenization, heat treatment (thermalization, pasteurization and UHT treatment), filtration and concentration of milk in order to make the best use of milk. Emphasis is placed on studying the significance of these processes on microbiology and chemical components in milk. The hygiene of the dairy is also emphasized.

Learning outcome:
  • Part 1:


  • Has broad knowledge of and can explain the structure and properties of various macro-nutrients (protein, lactose, fat), as well as minerals and enzymes and how the content of these components varies with different factors and affects the quality of milk.
  • Has broad knowledge of and can explain functional properties of milk proteins, based on their structure and how these properties are affected by physical and chemical factors such as changes in pH and temperature.


  • Can evaluate the use and suitability of different milk components (focus on proteins) to bothexisting and new innovative products.
  • Can use methods to analyze functional properties of milk proteins and explain the results based on theoretical knowledge and evaluate the suitability of the various proteins in different products.
  • Can find scientific literature on relevant topics in books, scientific journals and from various websites.

General competence

  • Can convey central subject matter both in writing and orally and apply this in other courses including part 2 of this course.

Part 2: 


  • Understand the most important milk processing operations (transportation, separation, homogenisation, heat treatments and membrane filtration) used in milk processing, and how these processing operations influence the quality of milk products.
  • Gain knowledge about composite process lines for production of consumption milk
  • Gain knowledge about hygenic processing and milk microbiology.


  • Be able to use knowledge about milk processing to  put toghether processsing lines for milk treatment.
  • Have practical knowledge about milk treatment (gained through practicals in the pilot plant of KBM).

General competence:

  • Be able to use practical and theoretical knowledge about milk treatment to understand which chemical, microbial and quality changes the product (focusing on consumption milk products) undergoes throughout milk processing. 
Learning activities:

Part 1:

LecturesStudents work in groups that deliver written reports and give oral presentations of different topicsLab exercise with submission of lab journalSelf-study

Part 2:

Lectures,practicals in the local Dairy Pilot Plant (compulsory) and journal/report writing (compulsory)  Excursion
Teaching support:

Part 1:

Written and oral feedback on students' written and oral presentationsTeachers are available at scheduled times for guidance and discussionTeachers can be contacted via email in CANVAS


Part 2:

Supervision will be given at the scheduled hours for the course.Written and oral feedback on students' written and oral presentations

Responsible for part 2:


Part 1 and 2: 

Walstra, P., Wouters, J.T.M., Geurts, T.J., 2006: "Dairy Science and Technology". CRC, Taylor - Francis, Boca Raton, USA. (This book will is also used in the course MVI383A).

Selected articles and individual chapters from other textbooks.

Knowledge of food production corresponding to MVI100, biochemistry corresponding to KJB200 and food chemistry corresponding to KJB210. Knowledge in food processing corresponding to MVI280.
Recommended prerequisites:
Food microbiology MVI220.
Mandatory activity:

Part 1:

The first introductory lecture and the laboratory exercise.All oral presentations of different subjects given by the students.Submission of written report and  lab journal.Students must follow information given in Canvas. Students who do not attend the first lecture will not attend the course.

Part 2:

Participation in 3 practicals.   Submission of journal/report from practicals.Excursion.

Folder evaluation:

The folder consists of the following elements:

Part 1:

- One lab journal counts for 10% of the exam grade

- One oral presentation of a chosen topic (as well as the submitted script) counts for 10% of the exam grade

Part 2:

- Two individual journals from the exercises count for 10% of the exam grade for each of the journals

- One group report counts for 10% of the exam grade

Final, oral exam that covers both part 1 and part 2 counts for 50% of the exam grade.

To pass the course, you must have passed all partial exams in the course.

Nominal workload:

Part 1:

  • Visit to the cows: 3 timer
  • Lectures: 24 hours
  • Student presentations: 6 hours
  • Lab exercise and journal writing: 24 hours
  • Self-study: 93 hours

Part 2: Lectures 24 h, practicals 24 h and 8 h excursion. Self-study and journal writing 94 hours.  

Entrance requirements:
Reduction of credits:
It is not possilbe to receive credits for both MVI281 and MVI270 in addition to MVI273. MVI273 incorporates MVI270 and the dairypart of MVI281. (Se over)
Type of course:

Part 1:

Lectures: 24 hours, student presentations: 6 hours Lab exercise: 10 hours.

Part 2: 2 hour lectures and 2 hours practical each week for 12 weeks.


Students are obliged to be present the very first day of the course in January. Students that do not attend on this first (mandatory) day lose their right to take the course.

Max. group size for practical exercises: 15  

The journals are evaluated by internal examiners while an external examiner will participate in the oral exam.  
Examination details: Portfolio: Letter grades