Course code KJB100

KJB100 Introduction to Biochemistry

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Showing course contents for the educational year 2020 - 2021 .

Course responsible: Åsmund Røhr Kjendseth
Teachers: Tina Rise Tuveng, Andrea Nikoline Englund
ECTS credits: 5
Faculty: Faculty of Chemistry, Biotechnology and Food Science
Teaching language: NO
(NO=norsk, EN=Engelsk)
Limits of class size:
200
Teaching exam periods:
The course runs over 6 weeks the second half of the fall parallel and assessment takes place in the same period.
Course frequency: Annually
First time: Study year 2020-2021
Course contents:

This course is an introduction to biochemistry. The key concepts in biochemistry is to understand how living organisms convert energy and mass (metabolism) and how this is regulated.

The foundation for understanding metabolism at a molecular level is provided by a thorough introduction to the different structures and properties of the building blocks that are turned into proteins, fats, carbohydrates and DNA. The focus is then directed towards metabolism by highlighting the flow of energy in biological processes and their regulation. The last important topic is how the information stored in DNA is used to control metabolism, and how changes in DNA allow organisms to adapt to varying conditions.

In the weekly lectures, students will first get an introduction to the key concepts of energy, structure and function and storage of biological information. Furthermore, the topics listed under learning outcomes are introduced in turn, while at the same time being viewed in the context of the key concepts. Emphasis is placed on students being able to understand how biochemical processes are linked to the cycles in nature, especially those that affect the climate and stability of ecosystems, and that they should be able to draw parallels to challenges related to achieving the UN's sustainability goals.

The group teaching will be focused on problem solving and the use of digital aids that can increase understanding about biochemical issues (for example visualization of biomolecules). The themes are coordinated with the laboratory courses KJB210 / KJB201.

Learning outcome:

Knowledge:

After completing the course, the student should have an understanding of:

  • General principles on how energy and mass are converted in biochemical reactions
  • How central biomolecules such as proteins, carbohydrates, fats and DNA are built up and what functions and chemical properties they have
  • What enzymes are and how they catalyze biochemical reactions
  • How central biomolecules are metabolized in the body (metabolism/ cellular respiration)
  • How biochemical reactions are regulated and what homeostasis is
  • How biological membranes are constructed and how signals and molecules are transmitted across such barriers.
  • How information is stored as DNA and how organisms use this information.

Skills:

After completing the course, the students should have the ability to recognize different types of biomolecules, understand energy conversion in biological systems and storage of genetic information. The students should also be able to reflect on these topics.

General competence:

After completing KJB100, students will have a general knowledge of biomolecules and of metabolism and genetic information storage. This will make the students ready for further courses in e.g. biochemistry, molecular biology, nutrition and natural chemistry.

Learning activities:
Lectures/activities and individual study.
Teaching support:
CANVAS. Questions can be addressed to teachers. E-mail can be sent to course responsible.
Syllabus:
- Pratt's Essential Biochemistry (Wiley)
Prerequisites:
General chemistry equivalent to KJM100.

Recommended prerequisites:
  • Cell biology equivalent to BIO100.
Mandatory activity:
Short weekly tests.
Assessment:
Grades are awarded on the basis of a digital final exam (3.5 hours) and it is required that all weekly exams are passed.
Nominal workload:
  • Lectures/activities: 36 hours
  • Individual study: 114 hours
Entrance requirements:
Special requirements in Science
Reduction of credits:
5 credits against KJB200
Type of course:
6 hours of lectures and activities per week. 
Examiner:
An external examiner approves the examination questions in the final digital exam. Internal examiner on weekly tests.
Examination details: :