Course code GEO220

GEO220 Hydrogeology

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Showing course contents for the educational year 2022 - 2023 .

Course responsible: Dominika Malgorzata Krzeminska, Helen Kristine French, Joris Cornelis Stuurop
Teachers: Michael Heim, Leif Vidar Jakobsen, Mona Henriksen
ECTS credits: 10
Faculty: Faculty of Environmental Sciences and Natural Resource Management
Teaching language: EN, NO
(NO=norsk, EN=Engelsk)
Limits of class size:
Teaching exam periods:
This course starts in Spring parallel. This course has teaching/evaluation in Spring parallel.
Course frequency: Annually
First time: Study year 2015-2016
Preferential right:
Course contents:
This course covers fundamentals of groundwater flow, emphasizing the role of groundwater in the hydrologic cycle, and how flow relates to geologic structures. The course will cover the following topics: Darcy's law, flow nets, heterogeneity and anisotropy, storage properties, boundary conditions, recharge, well hydraulics, pumping tests, groundwater in fractured rock, groundwater quality, geological and hydrogeological characterisation methods. The course includes lectures, practicals, group work and computer demonstrations.  All lectures are provided in Canvas together with other course material
Learning outcome:


In this course, the students will learn about the properties of groundwater and its role in the hydrological cycle. Further, the student will become familiar with how aquifers can be utilised and protected against pollution. The connections between bedrock, surficial deposits and groundwater, will be emphasised using relevant information provided in maps and databases. The student will become familiar with the most important properties of groundwater. After the course the student should understand how groundwater behaves and moves in porous media, including the basic equations for groundwater flow and transport (Darcy's law); how to evaluate the potential for groundwater flow and storage based on geological maps, sustainable management of groundwater, methods for estimating hydraulic properties, flow and transport in groundwater. 


The student should be able to conduct a practical evaluation of the potential use of groundwater for drinking water and its¿ role for geotechnical aspects and in ecosystems. The student should have obtained an understanding that groundwater is an important resource that must be managed in a sustainable way.

General competence

Apply basic knowledge in geology, physics, chemistry in an interdisciplinary way to solve practical problems. Be able to collaborate with people with different backgrounds.

Learning activities:
Lectures and practicals, but can also be followed remotely from lectures notes (power point files). The teaching consists of: 1. Theory of flow of groundwater and the properties of groundwater basins. 2. The use of groundwater maps where one applies the theory. 3. Submission of answers to compulsory exercises. 4. Work with excerices from the text book or other sources, where the students learn about groundwater systems and can test their own knowledge. 5 Supervised group work to solve practical groundwater problems taken from real examples, topics suggested by the teacher or the students themselves. Compulsory practicals concern how to make use of 1) geological maps 2) groundwater maps 3) maps of bedrock and the Granada well database, as a basis for evaluating the potential for groundwater extraction, 4) Excursion: Half a day in the NMBU area: Groundwater in surficial deposits. 
Teaching support:
Web-based via Canvas.

1. Fundamentals of groundwater, Schwartz and Zhang, Wiley and sons, 2003.

2. Additional literature available on Canvas.

GEO100 or equivalent basic background knowledge in geology
Recommended prerequisites:
FYS100, GEO210 (can be taken at the same time)
Mandatory activity:
Compulsory assignments, excursions.
Final written examination (3 hours): 100%. Grading system A-E / Not passed.
Nominal workload:
250 hours.
Entrance requirements:
Special requirements in Science.
Reduction of credits:
Type of course:
Lectures/practicals/student presentations: 62 hours. Group work supervision: 2 hours. Field excursion: 4 hours.
An external examiner is used for the assessment of the written examination. The examiner is involved in planning the course and in making the exam questions.
Allowed examination aids: B1 Calculator handed out, no other aids
Examination details: One written exam: Letter grades