Course code DYR202

DYR202 Laboratory Animal Science

There may be changes to the course due to to corona restrictions. See Canvas and StudentWeb for info.

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Showing course contents for the educational year 2021 - 2022 .

Course responsible: Mette Helen Bjørge Müller
Teachers: Arturas Kavaliauskis, Silje Modahl Johanson, Christer Wiggen Johnsen, Eirill Catrine Ager-Wick
ECTS credits: 10
Faculty: Faculty of Veterinary Medicine
Teaching language: NO
(NO=norsk, EN=Engelsk)
Teaching exam periods:
See semester schedule
Course frequency: Annually. Theoretial teaching in the autunm semester (1st semester), and practical training in the spring semester (internal practice in the 2nd semester and external practice in the 4th semester).
First time: 2014H
Preferential right:
B-DYR
Course contents:

The course laboratory animal science will give the students basic knowledge about the use of animals in research, and increased understanding of ethical issues and the legislation related to laboratory animals. Further, the course will give insight into how research with laboratory animals is planned and implemented in the best possible way.

Total 6 weeks (4 weeks theory + exam + 2 weeks practical training, of which 1 week internal practice in 2nd semester and 1 week external practice in 4th semester). The course is approved when both the theoretical and practical part of the course are approved.

Learning outcome:

After completing the course, the students should:

  • Have knowledge about the legislation within the field.
  • Be able to explain general ethical aspects and animal welfare issues related to research in  laboratory animals.
  • Understand the principle of "the three Rs" (reduce, refine, replace).
  • Have knowledge about the main criteria needed to apply and get permission to perform animal experiments.
  • Be able to explain the biology, housing and feeding of laboratory animals.
  • Have knowledge about genetical qualities, and related advantages/disadvantages.
  • Be able to explain the labeling methods recommended for the different species.
  • Be able to explain environmental factors that are important for animal welfare and standardization of experiments.
  • Understand the main principles that support the choice of method for handling, injections and blood sampling of laboratory animals.
  • Understand the main human health risks related to working with laboratory animals and how we can minimize these risks.
  • Have knowledge about specific conditions that apply to production animals and wild animals in a research setting.
  • Have knowledge about which methods/preparations are used for anesthesia and analgesia in laboratory animals.
  • Be able to explain which methods are used/recommended for humane euthanasia of laboratory animals.
  • Know about how we can assess pain in laboratory animals and how humane endpoints are determined.
  • Have knowledge about the main infectious diseases that can occur in laboratory animals.
  • Understand how health monitoring is carried out and why this is important for ensuring the quality of the experiments.
  • Have knowledge about alternative methods for research in laboratory animals that exsist and those that are being developed.
  • Know about what quality assurance systems and regulations for internal control that apply to a laboratory animal facility. 
  • Know about possibilities and tasks related to accreditation.
  • Know about how the Norwegian Food Authorities and the laboratory animal environments interact and how animal welfare organizations excert influence.

After the practical part the students should be able to:

  • Perform clinical examination, handling, fixation and specific techniques (methods for injection, blood sampling and euthanazia) on laboratory animals according to the manual for practical training.
  • Know routines for husbandry, care, hygiene and health security and environment (HSE) in a laboratory animal facility.
Learning activities:

Teaching methods and approach:

The teaching consists mainly of lectures, videos ,quiz, colloquium assignments, discussion groups and visits to different laboratory animal facilites. The lectures the first week can be held together with the veterinary students.

The practical training (2 weeks, of which one week internal in 2nd semester, and one week external in 4th semester) in care of laboratory animals, cleaning and other daily routines that apply to operating a laboratory animal facility, as well as specific techniques (injection, blood sampling and humane euthanasia) according to the manual for the practical work.

Teaching support:
The course teachers will be available for guiding the students related to the topics covered in lectures, colloquia and practical teaching. In addition the teachers will be available to answer questions via email, telephone or alternatively by personal meeting during normal working hours by appointment as far as it is possible during the course weeks. 
Syllabus:
Lists of recommended litterature will be available on Canvas
Prerequisites:
The previous courses in the study programme.
Recommended prerequisites:
The previous courses in the study programme.
Mandatory activity:

The lectures are not mandatory.

The visits to the laboratory animal facilities are mandatory. Absence requires a medical certificate.

The 2 weeks of practical training is mandatory and require active participation. The manual for the practical training contains the mandatory activities that requires approval to have the course approved. If a student is absent, the training must be performed with one of the other groups or if possible, separate weeks will be arranged where the students who need to perform mandatory training due to their previous absence. Alternatively, the training must be done internally at NMBU.

Assessment:

Multiple choice exam after the first course week, available on Canvas for a week. Pass / fail. The criteria for passing is 50%.

Oral exam on the last two days of the last course week. Information about the examination and schedules will be given at Canvas. The exams will be given individually with 30 minutes preparation time, without litterature. The examination will last for 20 minutes with examinator and external sensor present. Graded assessment. 

Both exams must be passed individually for the course to be approved and to get credits. Total evaluation of the course is a graded A-F.

If there are uncertainties related to the evaluation fo the final grading of a student, the score from the multiple choice exam may be taken into account when the final grade is set. 

The 2 weeks of internal and external practical training is mandatory and must be passed. 

Nominal workload:
30 hours x 10 credits = 300 hours. We expect the students to work with colloquium assignments and prepare for the exam in addition to the scheduled teaching programme. 
Entrance requirements:
The course is only available to students enrolled in the study programme for veterinary nurses at the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine at NMBU.
Reduction of credits:
FDYRLD04
Type of course:
The first course week will be a full week of lectures that may coinside with the teaching for the veterinary students. The remaining 3 weeks of the course consists of lectures, visits to different animal facilities and the remaining time should be used for self-studies and preparation for the exams.
Note:
No requirement for own equipment.
Examiner:
The multiple choice exam are automatically corrected in Canvas. Both the internal and an external sensor will attend the oral exam. The results will be published 3 weeks after the oral exam. 
Examination details: Samlet resultat: A - E / F