Researchers Sepideh Niazi and Heidi S. Nygård working in the lab at NMBU

ABC-Salt - Advanced Biomass Catalytic Conversion

ABC-Salt will validate a novel route to produce sustainable liquid biofuels at laboratory scale.

Researchers Sepideh Niazi and Heidi S. Nygård working in the lab at NMBU
01-Apr-2018 - 30-Sep-2022
EU H2020

REALTEK is a consortium partner and work package leader in ABC-Salt, a four-year European Horizon 2020 project coordinated by the University of Groeningen. A research consortium of nine European partners are developing an innovative new route to sustainable liquid biofuels such as middle distillates from various lignocellulosic waste streams. The project’s aim is to reach a conversion efficiency of lignocellulosic feedstock to middle distillates biofuels of at least 35wt.% dry biomass yield.

More about ABC-Salt

Nine European partners are working together to solve the following technical challenges: liquefaction and subsequent catalytic hydro-pyrolysis of the biomass in a molten salt environment, followed by the catalytic hydro-deoxygenation of the vapour phase using suitable catalysts to obtain a hydrocarbon product suitable for use as a middle distillates biofuel. ABC-Salt Consortium will then operate an integrated laboratory scale reactor during over 100 hours to provide lab-scale validation of the whole process, bringing this technology to TRL 4.

Concept sketch ABC-Salt
ABC-Salt concept

The project includes technical aspects (such as substrate flexibility, biomass liquefaction and hydro-pyrolysis in molten salts and subsequent hydro-deoxygenation and their integration), but also a socio- and techno-economic viability study of the technology (substrate availability and supply chain, future end-users and economic sustainability of the process). This will ensure the future deployment of this new technology considering its social related issues, such as acceptance or modification of the perception of transport induced by such sustainable fuels. Such a holistic approach considering the full value chain, combined to communication with stakeholders during the course of the project, will provide valuable input for scale up and industry-oriented research after this project, maximizing the impact, amongst other in the biomass, biofuel and transport industry.

Participants at REALTEK

Heidi S. Nygård
Associate Professor
WP3 lead and project manager at REALTEK
Espen Olsen
Sepideh Niazi
PhD Candidate
PhD researcher

For more information about ABC-Salt, please visit the official project website at