Course code VET316

VET316 Production Animal Medicine

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Showing course contents for the educational year starting in 2016 .

Course responsible: Terje Fjeldaas
Teachers: Randi Margit Gerda Oppermann Moe, Kirsten Bredeveien, Tore Engen, Wenche Kristin Farstad, Hans Petter Kjæstad, Snorre Stuen
ECTS credits: 16.5
Faculty: Faculty of Veterinary Medicine
Teaching language: NO
(NO=norsk, EN=Engelsk)
Teaching exam periods:
Look at the semester plan
Course frequency: Yearly
First time: 2014H
Last time: 2017V
Course contents:
  • Medical disorders in production animals.
  • Surgical diseases in production animals.
  • Obstetric disorders, puerperium disorders and diseases in new born animals in production animals.
  • Reproduction in production animals, dogs, cats and horses.
  • Obstetrics in horses.
  • Ambulatory activities on production animals and horses.
  • Livestock Medicine on production animals.
  • Poultry Medicine.
  • Field work in Sandnes in sheep diseases and livestock medicine.
Learning outcome:

Provide students with theoretical knowledge and clinical skills in disease development, diagnosis, treatment and preventive health care in production animals, horses and small animals.

The block forms the basis so that the student after completing the course will master the following «Day One Skills» by EAEVE: 1.1, 1.2, 1.3, 1.4, 1.5, 1.6, 1.7, 1.8, 1.9, 1.10, 1.1, 1.12, 2.1, 2.2, 2.3, 2.4, 2.5, 2.6, 2.7, 2.8, 2.9, 3.1, 3.2, 3.3, 3.4, 3.5, 3.6, 3.7, 3.8, 3.10, 3.11, 3.12, 3.13, 3.14, 3.15, 3.17, 3.18, 3.19, 3.20

After completing the course the student should:

  • Show respect for animals and humans and have an understanding of owners' relationships with the animals.
  • Be familiar with animals' welfare needs.
  • Emphasize economic considerations.
  • Work independently.
  • Communicate and collaborate with animal owners and colleagues and other professionals.
  • Gather and assess expert information.
  • Know their professional limitations and seek help when needed.
  • Render knowledge of important diseases, diagnostic tools and treatment methods in common species.
  • Adopt anamnesis and obtain relevant information about the livestock.
  • Handle animals in a safe manner.
  • Perform clinical examination and evaluate findings.
  • Take out relevant tests and interpret test results.  
  • Set up a relevant list of differential diagnoses and diagnostic.
  • Assess prognosis.
  • Carry out or suggest treatment.
  • Provide emergency assistance, including obstetrics.
  • Assess the need for and apply principles of livestock diagnostics.
  • Suggest preventive measures in production animal herds.
  • Write detailed journals, reports and certificates that meet applicable regulations.
  • Implement practical hygiene measures and infection prevention.
  • Be aware of the importance of food safety in the food chain.
  • Prevent zoonoses.
Learning activities:

The teaching is given as lectures in poultry in 6th semester, Rotation Teaching in small groups at ProdMed's clinics and ambulatory activity in 8th and 9th semester (5 weeks in 8th semester and 4 weeks in the 9th semester per student). Field work in Sandnes in sheep diseases and livestock medicine in 6th semester (1 week). Weekend and night shifts at ProdMed's clinics and ambulatory services.

Medicine/Surgery/Obstetrics Clinic

Instruction provided on the Medical clinic includes internal medicine, surgical and obstetric disorders in cattle, sheep and pigs. Puerperium diseases, newborn animal diseases and udder diseases are also included. Each student is a total of 3 weeks at this clinic (2 +1 in respectively 8th and 9th semester). Students have to help in the clinics, where they will be given patients who they will examine and treat, and under guidance they will even perform surgeries on animals. It will, as far as practicable implement, also be offered caesarean section on ewe. Students will be extracted from the other rotations.

Reproduction Clinic

Teaching includes reproductive physiology, gynecology, andrology, reproductive endocrinology. Instruction is provided partly at the department's stationary clinics and partly on livestock visits. Each student is a total of 2 weeks at this clinic (1 +1 in respectively 8th and 9th semester). In this clinic, the reproduction of horses, dogs and cats, in addition to cows, sheep and pigs, will be covered. 

 

Ambulatory Activity

The ambulatory clinic serves livestock farms in Oslo, Bærum, Lørenskog, Skedsmo and Nittedal, as well as UMB's cowsheds. Students receive training in ambulatory practice under realistic conditions on production animals and horses. The course lasts for two weeks per student.

 

Livestock Medicine

Teaching takes place in the form of livestock visits and working with tasks in connection with this. Teaching lasts for 1 week per student and takes place during the 8th semester.

 

Poultry Medicine

Instruction is provided in the form of lectures in the 6th semester and 1 day in livestock medicine in 8th semester. The autopsy in poultry in the mixed clinical rotation in 8th semester is mandatory. Students are responsible for making sure to contact the course coordinator so that it is possible to re-take this during the current semester. Otherwise, it must be retaken the next year. The student will not get a valid grade in this subject until the autopsy is taken.

 

Sheep Diseases and Livestock Medicine

Teaching also takes place in PropMeds Sheep Section in 6th semester in Sandnes. In addition to teaching using the section's own livestock and pathological diagnosis of incoming material, lectures, seminars and livestock visits to sheep herds are also provided. It is night shifts. 

 

Propaedeutic Course and Introduction to Diagnostic Work and Pathology

See 6th and 7th semester. Themes from this teaching will also be examined at the clinical examination in 9th semester.

Syllabus:
Recommended literature and detailed description of the course are found at the block's home area on Fronter. 
Recommended prerequisites:
Blocks earlier in the program. At the examination in the 9th semester, themes from the entire veterinary curriculum may be examined, to the extent that this is relevant to the issue / case which is being examined.
Mandatory activity:

Poultry autopsy in the mixed clinical rotation: see the rules under poultry medicine.

Courses and clinical service is mandatory. Weekend and night shifts are also mandatory.

Assessment:

Programme Requirements: Students must pass each clinical period and ensure that documentation is completed. Regulations and forms are found in the document: "Clinical Validation 8th and 9th semester. To pass the clinical period, the student must have been sufficiently present and shown to possess widely acceptable professional and ethical standards. The form is handed out at the last day of the rotation. Students who have not passed the clinical period will not be allowed to take the exam.

The form that document presence is delivered in Fronter. Students who have not passed the clinical period will not be allowed to take the exam.

Practical / oral examination in Production Animal Clinical Science: Clinical examination and oral theory examination (2 examination stations are used; candidates come up in clinic either in the field of medicine / surgery or reproductive physiology / obstetrics and a theory examination in the second field or in preventive health care / livestock medicine / poultry medicine). Students come up in groups of up to 8 and are examined individually. An overall grade is given for the entire exam. If the average grade is not a whole grade, the grade in the clinical examination shall count most. A fail in the first part will cause the student to be disqualified from taking the second examination. 

Note:

Requirements for personal equipment

Work clothes, protective footwear, stethoscope and scissors.

HMS:

Quarantine: Students may not have been abroad for the last 72 hours before the clinical teaching in production animal clinical science. See the "Rules for handling large production animals and horses at NMBU Veterinary university" and "Basic rules regarding handling of animals" (see Fronter). A first aid kit is available. Fire Training is provided in the clinics. Students are encouraged to wear gloves when handling medications and other risk materials, allergens and when handling animals suspected of being infected by a zoonosis.

There are separate infection locks by the entrance to the clinics. Overalls, gloves and boots are available by the infection locks and at the visits to livestock. Investment in a new hoof box reduces the risk of injury. ProdMed strives to have groups no larger than six students when handling large animals.

Clinic: Clinic Procedures are discussed orally at the first visit (See Fronter). Production Animal Clinical Science has prepared a briefing on hygiene and safety regarding ProdMeds clinical activities. Excerpts from this are handed out.

Reproduction: Gloves are used when examining organs from slaughterhouses. Gloves are used in the examination of animals and one must change gloves for each animal.

The Ambulatory clinic has created its own safety procedures (See Fronter). These are reviewed orally at the beginning of 8th semester.

The Section of Sheep Diseases have prepared a document on protection against the spreading of infection. Procedures for the various activities are posted on the wall in any room that students congregate. Students are not given permission to use the autopsy saw. Students are given thorough training in fire drill upon arrival and must sign that they know the escape routes in case of fire. Students who are pregnant must contact the section on arrival. They are given a customized program, so that the risk of coming into contact with dangerous material that could cause miscarriage, such as Listeria and Toxoplasmosis, is minimized.

Absence:

A maximum of one day of valid and documented absences per week is allowed. It is not possible to accumulate days. Valid absences beyond this must be re-taken in accordance with the Head of Section's instructions.

The reason is that this is skill training necessary for professional practice. In case of absence beyond what is accepted, the number of missing days must be re-taken, following rules found on Fronter. Students will not be able to take the exam until the missing time in the clinics is re-taken.

Examiner:
Examination details: :