The research project aims to increase the efficiency of Norwegian farm animal production by advanced nutritional and genetic methods.
Efficient use of available feed resources is essential for a sustainable Norwegian food production. At present, Norwegian animal production relies to a large extent on imported feed ingredients that potentially can be used directly as human food. Soybean meal produced from soybeans grown in Brazil is thus by far the most important protein source in concentrate animal feed.
─ Increased food production and higher national selfsufficiency─ Economical, ethical and environmental advantages─ Improved utilization of national fiber-rich feed resources─ A multidisciplinary approach
________________Increased food production and higher national selfsufficiency
Janne Karin Brodin
The increased international demand for food and feed ingredients creates an increasing risk of lowered availability and increased price in the world market. The agricultural policy in Norway is to increase food selfsufficiency, and future animal production should consider the potential of combining high feed efficiency with more use of local non-food resources.
The U.N. estimates that the world population will exceed 9 billion people by 2050 and calls for a 100% increase in food production by mid-century. To increase feed security, the Norwegian governmental strategy is a 20% increase in food production by 2030.
Economical, ethical and environmental advantages
Soybeans also serve as a suitable nutrient source for direct human consumption, and the extensive use as animal feed can be questioned for economical as well as ethical reasons. Cultivation of soybeans for use in Norwegian animal feed also has a high environmental impact, partly due to long transport distance and partly due to emissions related to land use change. It is assumed that replacing soybean meal with locally produced feed ingredients will decrease the global warming potential and reduce environmental impact.
Improved utilization of national fiber-rich feed resources
Main emphasis in the FeedMileage project is directed towards dairy cows, pigs and poultry and efforts to improve utilization of national fiber-rich feed resources, increase genetic robustness and improve gut health of the animals. A further goal is to reduce the environmental impact of this production sector through lowered greenhouse gas emissions and reduced nutrient excretion.
Feed cost comprises a major part of the variable cost in animal production. Improvements in feed efficiency are important to increase selfsufficiency and to reduce the environmental burden of food production. It is therefore crucial to improve nutritional quality of locally produced feed resources, and to develop more efficient and robust animals that can best utilize these feed resources. In FeedMileage, pigs and poultry will be genetically adapted to tolerate high fiber diets and to make their digestive system less sensitive to antinutrients. The research will also be aiming at developing animals with a high capacity to consume and digest high roughage diets.
A multidisciplinary approach
FeedMileage is addressing feed efficiency and main challenges in future animal production based on local feed resources. Feed efficiency can be improved by genetic as well as nutritional methods. High feed efficiency requires animals with a healthy and functional digestive tract.
Improved feed processing methods should be developed to maximize the nutritional value of feed resources. Pigs and poultry can be genetically adapted to tolerate high fiber diets and to make their digestive system less sensitive to antinutrients.
In dairy cattle, genomic selection and in-debth studies of key processes in digestion will contribute to increase feed efficiency. Obviously, an improvement of feed efficiency and a major change from imported to local feed resources require combined efforts within different research fields.
FeedMileage is therefore developed as a multidisciplinary enterprise with expertise in animal nutrition, genetics, and veterinary and bio-economical sciences.
Mer norsk fôr, mindre soya (nrk Ytring - in Norwegian)
Tilpasser grisen til fôret
Bioøkonomien inntar grisebingen / Bioeconomy enters the pig pen
Juleribba skal bli mer miljøvennlig / Pork ribs get greener
The Department of Animal and Aquacultural Sciences, Norwegian University of Life Sciences (NMBU), invites you to an international open seminar, «Efficient utilization of feed resources in food production». It will be held on Wednesday, October 23, 2019 at Vitenparken (Science Park) at NMBU in Ås.
The FeedMileage project is now drawing to a close. Extensive results have been achieved in pigs, broiler chickens and dairy cows on the impact of local feed resources on performance, gut function and health. Targeted feed processing has been performed to upgrade the nutritional value of local protein sources such as rapeseed and horse beans. The FeedMileage research group and the project’s industry partners are looking forward to presenting to you the results achieved and their wider implications. The environmental impact of improved feed efficiency and the new feed solutions will also be discussed at the seminar. Guests from the University of Minnesota, the French National Institute for Agricultural Research (INRA), and the Spanish National Institute for Agricultural and Food Research and Technology (INIA) are invited as presenters.
Welcome and introductionMargareth Øverland, NMBU
Use of local feed resources in diets for pigs and poultryKnut Røflo, FKF
Insects: a novel protein and energy source in piglet dietsIngrid Marie Håkenåsen, NMBU
Impact of local fiber-rich diets on growth performance and health of pigs. Transcriptomic multi-tissue profiling for identification of genes and pathways related to feed efficiencyLiv Torunn Mydland, NMBU
Methods to evaluate effect of feeding local diets on gastrointestinal function and health in pigsÖzgün Umu, NMBU
Effect of starch source and processing method on starch utilization in broiler chickensKhaled Itani/Birger Svihus, NMBU
Yeast-enhanced use of local feeds for dairy cattleEgil Prestløkken, NMBU
Impact of genetic improvement in FE / protein efficiency on the carbon footprint from pork productionKristine Hov Martinsen, NMBU/Norsvin
Recent international advancement in pig production – impact on climateWendy Rauw, INIA
Mitigation of greenhouse gas emissions from suckler cow beef productionStine Samsonstuen, NMBU
Moving toward sustainable feed efficiency; the need to consider long-term rather than short-term efficiencyNicolas Friggens, INRA/AgroParisTech
Improving the nutritional value of rapeseed and field beans by targeted processingJon Ø. Hansen, NMBU
Recent advances in pig production / Improving the nutritional value of local fiber-rich feedstuffs by targeted fermentationPedro Urriola, University of Minnesota
Implications for industry: comments from Felleskjøpet FôrutviklingKnut Røflo, FKF
Comments and concluding remarksElise Norberg, NMBU
The FeedMileage project is funded by the Research Council of Norway.
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