This is the situation in many post-conflict areas where the police often tend to be militarized, and have closer links to the military than the local community they are supposed to serve.
A new international research project, coordinated by researches at NMBU’s Department of International Environment and Development Studies (Noragric), will look at «Community-Based Policing and Post-Conflict Police Reform». Associate professor Ingrid Nyborg at Noragric (pictured) will lead the project.
The project involves 13 research partners, including The Norwegian Police University College and The Norwegian Institute of International Affairs (NUPI), and is Noragric’s first Horizon 2020-project. The research project will receive five million euros in funding for a five year period and focus on a wide range of post-conflict areas.
The project abstract reads:
«The challenges of international police reform assistance are formidable. Conventional top-down institutional reform has proven neither effective nor sustainable. Community-based policing (COP) holds promise, however evaluations have pointed to a lack of in-depth understanding of police-community relations in police reform assistance.
«This project will conduct integrated social and technical research on COP in post-conflict countries in S.E. Europe, Asia, Africa and Central America. New knowledge, reflection on lessons learnt and “best practices” will support both national police and EU/International police reform assistance. The project will lead to a better understanding of police-community relations, and innovation in information and communication technology (ICT) for enhancing these relations in post-conflict countries undergoing serious security reform.
«Linking social and technological research, the project will study social, cultural, human security, legal and ethical dimensions of COP to understand how citizens and police can develop sustainable relations with the use of ICTs. We will explore how technological innovation can support COP in crime reporting and prevention.»