Origin of micro-scale heterogeneity in polymerisation of photo-activated resin composites
S. Sirovica, J.H. Solheim, M.W. A. Skoda, C.J. Hirschmugl, E.C. Mattson, E. Aboualizadeh, Y. Guo, X. Chen, A. Kohler, D.L. Romanyk, S.M. Rosendahl, S. Morsch, R.A. Martin and O. Addison
Photo-activated resin composites are widely used in industry and medicine. Despite extensive chemical characterisation, the micro-scale pattern of resin matrix reactive group conversion between filler particles is not fully understood. Using an advanced synchrotron-based wide-field IR imaging system and state-of-the-art Mie scattering corrections, we observe how the presence of monodispersed silica filler particles in a methacrylate based resin reduces local conversion and chemical bond strain in the polymer phase. Here we show that heterogeneity originates from a lower converted and reduced bond strain boundary layer encapsulating each particle, whilst at larger inter-particulate distances light attenuation and monomer mobility predominantly influence conversion. Increased conversion corresponds to greater bond strain, however, strain generation appears sensitive to differences in conversion rate and implies subtle distinctions in the final polymer structure. We expect these findings to inform current predictive models of mechanical behaviour in polymer-composite materials, particularly at the resin-filler interface.