Date: Thursday Dec 20
Room: Su105 Auditorium, Sørhellinga, Høgskoleveien 12, Norwegian University of Life Sciences (NMBU)
|10.15||Welcome!||Stian Stensland, Associate professor, NMBU|
|10.20||A framework for understanding and addressing conservation conflicts.|
Juliette Claire Young, PhD. Social Scientist, Centre for Ecology & Hydrology, Scotland
|10.50||Fisheries conflicts - from causes to dynamics and conflict resolution?|
Sophia Kochalski, PhD, Leibniz-Institute of Freshwater Ecology and Inland Fisheries
|11.30||Knowledge conflicts and the role of uncertainty in aquaculture effect on wild salmon.|
Maiken Bjørkan, PhD, Senior researcher, Nordland Research Institute
|12.00||Catch and release conflicts in the Norwegian salmon sport fishery.|
Stian Stensland, Associate professor, NMBU
|12.20||Discussion and questions.|
Moderator: Professor Øystein Aas, NMBU/ Norwegian Institute of Nature Research (NINA)
A framework for understanding and addressing conservation conflicts
Juliette C. Young
Based around a six-step framework developed with and for a national conservation organisation, I will explore practical approaches to different conservation conflicts, from snow leopards in the Himalayas to seals in Scotland. The framework allows researchers and practitioners a way in which to identify at what stage a conflict is, and what options there might be to alleviate its negative impacts. I will talk about aspects linked to conflicts, including co-production of knowledge, multi-stakeholder platforms, and adaptive management – and critically reflect on what might be alternatives to the status quo.
Fisheries conflicts - from causes to dynamics and conflict resolution?
Conflicts are a widespread phenomenon in social-ecological systems and understanding and mitigating them is seen as a central challenge of resource management. To move from a descriptive to an analytical treatment of fisheries conflicts, I first define conflicts based on a typology of conflicts typologies and then compare a static view with a dynamic view for their analysis. I conclude by considering the theoretical assumptions that determine whether conflict resolution is possible and desirable.
Knowledge conflicts and the role of uncertainty in aquaculture effect on wild salmon. Maiken Bjørkan
Major value conflicts are being played out in the media about the farmed salmon in Norway. One of the main controversies is whether salmon lice from aquaculture pens affect the survival of wild salmon. Research on this, which is key to the knowledge-based management of Norwegian aquaculture, is criticized and claims about dishonest science is put forward. In this chapter we look at statements in selected articles, reports and in media that can be linked to uncertainty in knowledge and quality in research, which we regard as the core of the controversies in addition to the conflict of interest. We discuss qualitative aspects of uncertainty in knowledge and the role of uncertainty for other ethical perspectives that scientists should relate to. Here we delaminate the discussion to the following issues: communication of uncertainty, the precautionary principle and quality of research.
Catch and release conflicts in the Norwegian salmon sport fishery.
Catch and release for salmon in Norway has grown considerably over the last 10 years. Fewer salmon returning to the rivers and stricter quotas per angler have spurred the growth. These changes have also created conflicts and a polarization of anglers being respectively against or pro C&R and a personal quota/ bag limit system. I will present results from studies addressing what factors impact C&R, and how the (non-)legitimacy and arguments of C&R are presented by the two contrasting views.