Man and forests - an evaluation of management strategies for reduced deforestation and forest degradation
Project descriptionThe project is focused at evaluating the (potential) success of a set of REDD+ pilot projects in Brazil, DRC, Tanzania and Uganda. REDD+ is aimed at reducing deforestation and forest degradation. The pilots areinitiated to gain experience about how to organize REDD+ at local level to ensure reduced emissions from deforestation in the best way possible. The Norwegian government has been heavily engaged in funding such pilot projects.
REDD+ is seen as a potential triple win: Reduction of CO2 emissions, increased protection of biodiversity and enhancement of rural livelihoods/poverty alleviation. A study of REDD+ pilots needs toemphasize all these dimensions. The present project proposal ensures this by following the chosen pilots from 'start till end' using the so-called 'before-after-control-impact (BACI)' format. This is made possible through the fact that a 'before' study is already undertaken in both 'treatment' and 'control' sites as financed by other projects. The BACI format is moreover extended as we do not only look at impacts on carbon storage, biodiversity and livelihoods. We also study the process of implementation and the cost ofdeveloping and running the different management regimes.
Setting up a REDD+ pilot is foremost about changing the governance/management regime for land including also clarification of property rights, creating systems for compensation (lost livelihoods) andfor developing new livelihoods. Aimed at changed use of forest land, it therefore involves quite a profound set of institutional changes that is moreover initiated from outside. While there is potential for success, wenote several challenges related to e.g., contested right, weak capacity to change institutions, conflicting interests and power asymmetries (vulnerable groups). We expect the level of (latent) conflict and the ability to find inclusive solutions to these at the local level to be important factors influencing theability to reach the aims of REDD+.
The primary objective of the project is to evaluate different management strategies to obtain reduced deforestation in tropical forests and hence maintain the various ecosystem services delivered.More specifically, the project aims at comparing a set of REDD+ pilot projects concerning the following aspects:
a) their adaption to local institutional and ecological conditions,b) the process of implementation with special focus on local participation,c) the costs of establishing and managing the projectsd) the impacts of the pilot projects on local institutions, livelihoods and forest ecosystems with special emphasis on conflicts and synergies between various uses and protection
The project also aims at discussing to what extent the chosen management strategies - their adaptation to local conditions and implementation approaches - can be seen as a) legitimate b) explain the variation in the observed impacts.
Noragric Contact: Prof. Arild VatnFunded by: Norwegian Research Council
Professor Arild Vatn is the project leader
PhD title: An assessment of the legitimacy of the choice of governance structure for REDD+ at the local level in the Congo Basin Forest of DRC
Maria Gorret Nantongo
PhD candidatePhD title: A comparative analysis of livelihood and behavioral impacts of REDD+. Findings from pilot projects in Brazil, Tanzania and Uganda
Research Council of Norway
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