Increasing evidence shows that economic growth contributes to biodiversity loss via greater resource consumption and higher emissions. Nonetheless, a review of international biodiversity and sustainability policies shows that the majority advocate economic growth.
Since improvements in resource use efficiency have so far not allowed for absolute global reductions in resource use and pollution, this study questions the support for economic growth in these policies, where inadequate attention is paid to the question of how growth can be decoupled from biodiversity loss.
Drawing on the literature about alternatives to economic growth, the authors explore this contradiction and suggest ways forward to halt global biodiversity decline. These include policy proposals to move beyond the growth paradigm while enhancing overall prosperity, which can be implemented by combining top‐down and bottom‐up governance across scales.
Finally, the study calls the attention of researchers and policy makers to two immediate steps: acknowledge the conflict between economic growth and biodiversity conservation in future policies; and explore socioeconomic trajectories beyond economic growth in the next generation of biodiversity scenarios [Source: Conservation Letters].
Read the article in Conservation Letters (open access):
Biodiversity policy beyond economic growth