With the purge of the military forces and the creation of a new National Civilian Police (PNC) as mandated by the 1992 Peace Accords, El Salvador set the stage for a less state-oriented security approach. However, a lack of consideration of gender in the peace negotiations resulted in an overly gendered understanding of security, where privileged, militarized masculinity hindered the implementation of democratic policing.
In this context, 25 years after the Peace Accords the police have been unable to consolidate a democratic policing practice as oppressive policing strategies remain deeply embedded in the institution, alongside heavy-handed measures that use repression to control social violence.
This study questions the gendered nature of security in El Salvador and investigates the implications of the introduction of the military into the work of the police in the Central American country.
Read more in the Journal of Human Security: The Gendered Nature of Security in El Salvador: Challenges for Community-Oriented Policing