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Gendered constraints to food security measures in Ethiopia

  • Woman harvests drought-tolerant maize, Ethiopia

    Woman harvests drought-tolerant maize, Ethiopia

    Photo
    CIMMYT via flickr / CC 2.0

Climate-smart agriculture can improve economic and food security, but its uptake is hampered by gendered constraints. Why is this and what can be done? New study by Meseret Tsige, Gry Synnevåg & Jens B. Aune.

Gendered constraints to food security measures in Ethiopia

Although Climate-smart agriculture can offer economic and food security opportunities for women farmers, success in the uptake of these technologies is contested by gendered constraints.

Previous studies that use the household head as a unit of analysis to explain adoption patterns do not adequately demonstrate the extent to which women smallholders are restricted by gendered constraints. This study surveyed 344 women and men who are involved in conservation agriculture and small-scale irrigation schemes, to examine the effect of gendered constraints for adopting climate-smart agriculture amongst women in three areas in Ethiopia.

The findings show that uptake of climate-smart agriculture amongst female smallholders is affected by limited access to credit, extension, restricted membership in cooperatives and water user associations, lack of access or user rights to land, skill training, information, and restricted mobility.

The authors recommend that agricultural development interventions should be implemented by considering individual farmer's entitlement to development. Expanding off-farm diversification and rural employment opportunities through changing the land tenure system, which is currently state-owned, are essential to enhance women smallholders’ access to land and other agricultural inputs.

Read the article  in Scientific African: Gendered constraints for adopting climate-smart agriculture amongst smallholder Ethiopian women farmers

Published 12. December 2019 - 10:27 - Updated 12. December 2019 - 11:30