The faculty currently consists of five departments: International Environmental and Development Studies, Public Health Science, Urban and Regional Planning, Landscape Architecture, and Property and Law.
Prior to the reorganisation, the Department of International Environment and Development Studies (Noragric), the former Department of Landscape Planning (ILP) and the Norwegian School of Economics and Business Administration (HH) comprised NMBU's former Faculty of Social Sciences. After the reorganisation, the Norwegian School of Economics became a separate faculty and Noragric joined the former ILP's four units to form the Faculty of Landscape and Society.
The Department of International Environmental and Development Studies (Noragric) was established in 1986 as a centre at the Norwegian Agricultural College (NLH). On 1 February 2005, Noragric became the Department of International Environmental and Development Studies at the University of Life Sciences (UMB), which changed its name to the Norwegian University of Life Sciences (NMBU) on 1 January 2014 after merging with Norwegian Veterinary College (NVH).
Urban and regional planning was established as an academic field in Norway after the country received its first nationwide building law on 1 January 1966. The subject area was first established as 'landscaping' in 1968, but changed its name to urban and regional planning in 2007.
The field of Property was established here as early as 1897. The purpose was to improve agricultural properties so that agriculture could be modernized. The name was later changed to land consolidation. From 2006, the subject area was expanded to include property development. The field now incorporates a major law component, related to property.
Education within landscape architecture was established at the Norwegian College of Agriculture in 1919 (in horticulture). From 2007, landscape engineering was created as a new subject area associated with landscape architecture. Today, the School of Landscape Architecture has its own 'artist group' attached to the department. NMBU has Europe's oldest education programme within this field, celebrating its 100-year jubilee in 2019.
The Master's programme in Public Health Science at NMBU celebrated its 10th year in 2017. During these ten years, it has become one of the major public health education programmes in Norway. The subject area is based on the core competencies of international public health, whilst remaining in line with national public health objectives, Norway's Public Health Act in particular.