Gender differences in investments and risk preferences

CLTS WP 2/22
CLTS WP 2/22
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CLTS WP 2/22
The paper is published as a CLTS Working Paper and can be downloaded here.
 
Abstract 
We analyze individual investment behavior among 822 young men and women that are members of 111 formal business groups in northern Ethiopia. We collected baseline data and investment data one year later combined with incentivized field experiments to obtain dis-aggregated risk preference data. We find that business women on average invest significantly less at individual level than business men but Cohen’s d values for the gender difference are moderate in size. Women are found to have higher Constant Relative Risk Aversion coefficients, to be more loss averse, but also to be more optimistic in their expectations than men. Women were also poorer in non-land assets, came from more land-poor parents and had lower incomes. The gender differences in risk attitudes and baseline endowments could explain some of but not all of the gender differences in investments.

Published 25. January 2022 - 2:23 - Updated 25. January 2022 - 2:24