Unemployed Ethiopian youth start sustainable businesses

  • Arbeidsløs, etiopisk ungdom

The employment of young people in Ethiopia is a high priority for Ethiopian authorities, as this is also very important for political stability. Organizing young people in groups that establish sustainable enterprises has been an important measure.

Unemployed Ethiopian youth start sustainable businesses

The population in Ethiopia is growing rapidly. The country had over 100 million inhabitants in 2016 and continues to grow. At the same time, the country's economy has been one of the fastest growing economies in the world in the last ten years.

Population and economic growth have also led to a strong growth in migration of youth in search of work both nationally and internationally. Employment of young people in Ethiopia is therefore important in order to maintain political stability in the country.

In light of these challenges, Stein T. Holden, professor at the School of Economics and Business and Mesfin Tilahun Gelaye, researcher at the School of Economics and Business and employee at Mekelle University conducted a survey of 740 youth groups in five districts in the Tigray region in 2016.

- We looked at, among other things, the extent to which youth groups organized themselves according to Elinor Ostrom's design principles for sustainable collective resource management, says professor Holden.

An interesting research finding was that the youth groups were largely organized according to Ostrom's design principle, even if they had never heard or formally learned about them.

It seems that they were influenced by Ostrom's "invisible hand", where local institutions are shaped as needed.

Read more at forskning.no. This reasearch can be found in CLTS Working Paper "The importance of Ostrom's design principles: Youth group performance in Northern Ethiopia" written by Stein T. Holden and Mesfin Tilahun.

This paper has been accepted for publication in the international journal World Development (Forthcoming).

Published 21. November 2017 - 10:59 - Updated 21. November 2017 - 15:00