HFX205 Grazing Ecology and Management
Showing course contents for the educational year 2020 - 2021 .
Course responsible: Øystein Holand
Teachers: Geir Steinheim
ECTS credits: 5
Faculty: Faculty of Biosciences
Teaching language: NO
Teaching exam periods:
This course starts in June block. This course has teaching/evaluation in June block.
Course frequency: Annually
First time: Study year 2004-2005
Significance and value of grazing areas as feed resources for livestock and wild deer in Norway. Framework for grazing management (natural, legal and economical/political). Different aspects of natural and cultivated grassland (i.e. vegetation communities, plant quality, plant production and carrying capacity). Grassland ecosystem and adaptations between plants and grazers (such as behavioural, physiological and grazing resistance). Grazing animals as a tool for landscape management. Field registrations.
Students will receive a summary of the significance and value of grazing areas as feed resources for livestock and wild deer. After course completion, students should master the following topics: Grazing history and the current values of forage as feed recognise framework for grazing (natural, legal and economical/political) understand adaptations between plants and grazers, such as behavioural, physiological and grazing resistance recognise different types of wild and cultivated forage, and methods for calculating grazing capacity measuring plant quality and quantity, and factors influencing these understand grazing habits of domestic and wild animals in Norway, know the significance of different species and realise how they influence cultivated landscapes realise the reasons for increasing conflict surrounding landscape conservation, and arguments from all sides. The theoretical basis of the course should provide the knowledge and motivate students to specialise in grazing-related fields for thesis and further work. Students should also realise that animal welfare is central in pasture use and understand pasture conservation as a conflict area between ecology, conservation and social studies. The significance of grazing animals as a tool for landscape management will be presented.
Teaching methods are varied, and include lectures, seminars and group work with a teacher present. The compulsory group work involves a specific topic that will be presented to the class. Practical work, including field trips are vital. Practical work includes pasture registration for different grazing animals, data treatment and presentation and discussion of results.
A literature list will be handed out at the start of the course.
HFE200 (or ZOOL100 + BOT100, basic knowledge of zoology and botany).
Assignments and discussion groups. Field work (field registration, data processing, presentation and discussion of the results).
3 hour written examination, which counts 100 %.
Special requirements in Science
Reduction of credits:
Type of course:
Lectures: 24 hours. Exercises/discussion groups/assignments: 30 hours. Field work, etc.: 30 hours.
The external examiner will assess the examination and also provide comments on the general course structure.
Allowed examination aids: A1 No calculator, no other aids
Examination details: One written exam: Passed / Failed